First Lt. Annie G. Fox, Army Nurse Corps, was on duty at Pearl Harbor
at the time of the attack. For her outstanding performance, she was recommended
for and awarded the Purple Heart. Originally established by Gen. George
Washington in 1782, the Purple Heart was reinstituted in 1932 for the
bicentennial of Washington's birth. Although generally awarded to service
members wounded in action, it was also awarded for any "singularly meritorious
act of extraordinary fidelity or essential service." Later in the war,
the requirements for award of the Purple Heart were limited to wounds
received as a result of enemy action. At that time, individuals were given
other awards to replace the Purple Heart.
Annie Fox also received the Bronze
Star for her service.