"Projected Forts on the Middle Ground and East
Bank for the defence [sic] of the Channel at Sandy Hook"
Drawn by cartographer and draftsman Guillaume Tell Poussin, 1820
Ink and wash on paper
311/4" x 19" National Archives and Records Administration, Records of the Office
of the Chief of Engineers
Poussin's Fortifications: Fort Sandy
Hook Bernard Simon, an expert in French fortification
planning, and Guillaume Tell Poussin, his cartographer and draftsman,
worked with the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers to design permanent plans
for protection of several American port cities. Here are two designs that
show that the basic star design had to be modified to accommodate actual
This modified star design is one
of two fortifications proposed for the channel at Sandy Hook in New York
harbor after the War of 1812. It consists of masonry structures designed
to mount nearly 200 cannon. The project was never undertaken.