With an unprecedented wave of immigration occurring in the late 19th and early 20th century, the face of America changed. New immigrants and long-term residents struggled to assimilate as well as overcome social inequalities and injustices.
Susan B. Anthony devoted some 50 years of her life to the cause of woman suffrage. After her arrest for casting her ballot in an 1872 congressional election, she took full advantage of the high-profile nature of her case to promote her cause. Fourteen years after her death, women finally gained the vote with the passage of the 19th Amendment to the Constitution in 1920.
Susan B. Anthony registered and voted in the election of 1872 in Rochester, New York. As planned, she was arrested for “knowingly, wrongfully and unlawfully vot[ing] for a representative to the Congress of the United States,” convicted by the State of New York, and fined $100.
One of many petitions that were circulated “to prohibit several States from Disfranchising United States Citizens on account of Sex.” This petition was signed by Frederick Douglass, Jr.
Beginning in the mid-19th century, several generations of woman suffrage supporters lectured, wrote, marched, lobbied, and practiced civil disobedience to achieve what many Americans considered a radical change in the Constitution. Suffragists used tactics, such as parades, silent vigils, and hunger strikes, to gain support.