Workers and managers have clashed over

Some have claimed that this conflict is inevitable. Others have argued that labor and capital share mutual goals and can learn to work together harmoniously. Strikes, lockouts, protests, and boycotts, as well as bargaining and settlements, have played a large part in shaping American history.

Labor conflict has also reflected broader problems within American society. Issues such as racial segregation and gender discrimination may not have started in the workplace, but they have profoundly changed it.