“Rolling logs into the river”

By W. J. Beal, Michigan, 1901

Loggers were usually single men in their twenties. During the winter, they worked dawn to dusk, six days a week, cutting, hauling, and piling logs. In spring, many worked as “river drivers,” floating logs downriver to the sawmill. Their wages ranged between $15 and $26 a month, plus room and board for winter work and slightly higher for river driving.

National Archives, Records of the Forest Service (95-G-43256)