Protecting Federal Records and Other Documentary Materials from Unauthorized Removal
May 16, 2000
NARA Bulletin 2000-03
TO: Heads of Federal agencies
SUBJECT: Protecting Federal records and other documentary materials from unauthorized removal
EXPIRATION DATE: May 31, 2002.
1. Why is NARA issuing this bulletin?
The purpose of this bulletin is to remind heads of Federal agencies that official records must remain in the custody of the agency.
a. Federal records may be destroyed or removed from Government custody only with the approval of the Archivist of the United States (44 U.S.C. Chapter 33). If an agency knows of any actual or potential threat (e.g., removal, alteration, or destruction) to records, it should contact NARA. NARA will assist the agency in working with the Department of Justice to recover alienated records (44 U.S.C. 3106).
b. In addition, only with the agency's permission may departing officials remove extra copies of records. Officials may remove documentary materials that are of a purely personal nature when they leave public service. This reminder is needed at this time, given the upcoming change in presidential administration.
2. What materials are Federal records?
As defined in 44 U.S.C. 3301, records are documentary materials that agencies create and receive while conducting business that provide evidence of the agency's organization, functions, policies, decisions, procedures, and operations, or because they contain information of value. Records may be in paper, film, tape, disk, or other physical form. They may be generated manually, electronically, or by other means.
3. Are there Federal documentary materials that do not qualify as records?
Materials such as library or museum materials, extra copies of records kept solely for convenience of reference, and stocks of publications and processed documents are excluded from the definition of "record" (44 U. S. C. Chapter 33). These work-related materials, though excluded from the definition of "record," nevertheless belong to and are controlled by the Government (36 CFR 1222.34(f)).
4. Does the Government control personal documentary materials that I may bring into the office?
Federal records management requirements do not apply to personal materials that are brought to or accumulated at work. Personal materials include family and personal correspondence and materials documenting professional activities and outside business or political pursuits. These materials belong to the individual, and the Government exerts no control over them.
5. How should I maintain the documentary materials in my office to distinguish and separate the different types of materials?
a. Federal records need to be maintained in agency files or electronic recordkeeping systems. Agency personnel need to know how to ensure that records are incorporated into files or electronic recordkeeping systems, especially records that were generated electronically on personal computers. Only records needed for current operations, such as open case files, should be maintained at an individual's desk.
b. Depending on access restrictions, agencies may permit personnel to keep extra copies for convenience of reference in their offices and on their personal computers. However, you must get the agency's permission if you want to remove any of these materials for personal use (36 CFR 1222.42).
c. Maintain personal materials separately from records and extra copies of records so that you will not have to separate them when you leave your position.
6. What do I do with records and other documentary materials that I no longer need?
Records are maintained in agency files and other recordkeeping systems. When a record is finalized, when a case file is closed, or at another appropriate time, follow established procedures for incorporating it into the appropriate recordkeeping system. Records must be maintained in recordkeeping systems so that they will be integrated, either physically or intellectually, with related records and where they will be accessible to all staff who may need them. Records must remain in the custody of the agency, and may not be removed for nonofficial uses.
7. May I remove documentary materials from the agency?
a. You are likely to have extra copies of records kept for convenience of reference in your office or workstation. You may remove such copies for personal use only with the approval of a designated official of the agency, such as the records officer or legal counsel. Copies of records that are national security classified or otherwise restricted must remain under the control of the agency. If the agency permits removal, they must be transferred to a facility that has an appropriate level security storage area (36 CFR 1222.42).
b. You may remove personal materials maintained separately from both records and extra copies of records. Consult the agency records officer if records, extra copies of records, and personal materials are intermingled.
8. What must I do to implement this bulletin?
You should notify officials and employees that there are criminal penalties for the unlawful removal or destruction of Federal records (18 U.S.C. 2071) and the unlawful disclosure of national security information (18 U.S.C. 793, 794, and 798). You should also provide guidance on the handling of records containing other information exempt under FOIA (5 U.S.C. 552) and the Privacy Act (5 U.S.C. 552a), and other information restricted by law.
9. Where can I get additional information?
a. Contact the agency records officer with questions about the maintenance and disposition of records and extra copies of records. Consult the records officer, legal counsel, or information security officer to find out if the agency allows removal of extra copies of records and how to secure approval.
b. Your agency's records officer should have copies of Personal Papers of Executive Branch Officials and Agency Recordkeeping Requirements two NARA publications that address records creation and maintenance procedures and distinguishing between records and personal documentary materials. These publications are available on the NARA web site. Limited quantities of printed copies may be available. If you want a printed copy, please contact the Life Cycle Management Division on 301-713-6677.
c. NARA records management regulations (36 CFR Chapter XII, Subchapter B) address the identification and protection of Federal records and are also accessible from the web site mentioned above.
10. Does NARA provide other assistance?
a. Records officers in the Washington, DC, area may request advice and assistance from the NARA Life Cycle Management Division by telephone at 301-713-6677 or e-mail at firstname.lastname@example.org. Outside of Metropolitan Washington, D.C., address questions to the Records Management Programs Director of the nearest NARA regional records services facility. NARA regional facilities and the areas they serve are listed on the web site at www.archives.gov/facilities/. Send written requests to the National Archives and Records Administration (NWML), Rm. 2200, 8601 Adelphi Road, College Park, MD 20740-6001.
b. Officials who wish to donate collections of personal papers and extra copies of records to a presidential library should contact the National Archives and Records Administration, Office of Presidential Libraries, Rm. 2200, 8601 Adelphi Road, College Park, MD 20740-6001, or by telephone at 301-837-3250.
JOHN W. CARLIN
Archivist of the United States
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