Department of State Research Topics
World War II and Aftermath Agencies
American Commission for the Protection and Salvage of Artistic and Historic Monuments in War Areas (RG 239)
President Franklin D. Roosevelt established this commission in June 1943. Associate Supreme Court Justice Owen J. Roberts chaired the commission and it is often called the Roberts Commission. Its officers cooperated with the U.S. Army in protecting cultural treasures, gathered information about war damage to such treasures, compiled data on cultural property appropriated by the Axis Powers, and encouraged its restitution. The commission also prepared and distributed lists and handbooks to the military's Monuments, Fine Arts and Archives (MFA&A) officers in the field to assist them with preparation of official lists of sites and monuments to protect. The commission was abolished in June 1946.
All of the records are on microfilm (Records of the American Commission for the Protection and Salvage of Artistic and Historic Monuments in War Areas, 1943-1946, National Archives Microfilm Publication M–1944). The records can also be found online.
The Holocaust-Era Assets web pages provide a better understanding of the record holdings of the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA) relating to the looting, locating, recovering, and restituting Holocaust-Era assets.