Holocaust-Era Assets

Military Agency Records

Theaters of Operations

Records of the General Headquarters Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers
(GHQ SCAP)

The General Headquarters Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers (GHQ SCAP) was established by General Order 1, GHQ SCAP, October 2, 1945, pursuant to a directive of President Truman, August 14, 1945, designating General Douglas MacArthur as SCAP, as agreed to by the Governments of the United States, the United Kingdom, the Republic of China, and the U.S.S.R. This organization was responsible for enforcing Japanese compliance with the Instrument of Surrender, signed September 2, 1945. It was abolished by General Order 10, GHQ SCAP, April 28, 1952, following conclusion of the Treaty of Peace with Japan, April 28, 1952.

Records of the Office of the Civil Property Custodian (SCAP)

Records of the German Assets Branch

Contraband File 1945-1952

Boxes 3759-3791

Box # File Title
3760 German External Assets in Japan
3761 Sale of Unidentified Looted Gold and Silver-Project #104 German External Assets in Japan

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Records of Allied Forces Headquarters

Allied Forces Headquarters (AFHQ) was established September 12, 1942, as an allied command to plan and direct operations and military government activities in the North African Theater of Operations (later expanded and renamed Mediterranean Theater of Operations). General Dwight D. Eisenhower, General Sir Henry Maitland Wilson, Field Marshal Sir Harold R.L.G. Alexander, General Joseph T. McNary (Acting), Lieutenant General Sir William D. Morgan, and Lieutenant General John C. H. Lee (Acting) were successively Allied Commander-in-Chief (or Supreme Allied Commander).

Under AFHQ operational control were a number of subordinate allied commands, including the Allied Armies in Italy (also known as the Fifteenth Army Group); the Mediterranean Allied Air Forces; the Naval Commander-in-Chief, Mediterranean; Military Headquarters (Balkans), which directed relief and rehabilitation measures in Albania, Greece, and Yugoslavia; and the Allied Military Government/Allied Commission (Italy), which administered military government and civil affairs in occupied Italy. AFHQ ceased functioning effective September 17, 1947.

The AFHQ records described below have been microfilmed (Boxes 1-355). Please contact the staff in Room 2400 for assistance in identifying specific rolls of microfilm.

Records of the General Staff Section

Records of the G-5 (Military Government and Civil Affairs) Section

Records of the Policy and Control Division

Microfilm Copy of a Modified Decimal Correspondence File 1943-1946 (Entry 56)

Microfilm of a Restricted Decimal Correspondence File (900 Block Only) 1946-1947
(Entry 57)

Microfilm Copies of Records Concerning Occupation, Civil Administration, Courts and
Laws, De-Nazification, Military Government, and Other Matters in Connection With
Planning and Effectuating the Civil Administration of Austria ca. 1943-1947 (Entry 59)

Records of the Office of the Financial Adviser

Microfilm Copies of Records Relating to the Formulation of Financial Plans and Policies
for the Allied Military Government and the Allied Commission (Italy), Military
Headquarters (Balkans), the Allied Financial Agency, and the Allied Supply Accounting
Agency 1943-1946 (Entry 82)

Records of the Allied Military Government and Allied Commission (Italy)

For pertinent records please consult the finding aids and reference staff in the consultation area in Room 2400.

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Records of the Allied Military Government, British-United States Zone Free
Territory of Trieste

Under the terms of the Peace Treaty of 1947 with Italy, the territory under the administration of the Allied Military Government for Venezia Giulia was divided between Italy and Yugoslavia except for a specified area around Trieste. The territorial remnant was established on September 15, 1947, as the Free Territory of Trieste and was occupied by joint British-American forces as the Allied Military Government, British-United States Zone, Free Territory of Trieste. Major General Terence S. Airey was the first Zone Commander and Military Governor, followed by Major General Sir T.J.W. Winterton. In October 1954 the Allied Military Government was abolished and the Territory turned over to the control of the Italian Government.

For pertinent records please consult the finding aids and reference staff in the consultation area in Room 2400.

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The U.S. National Archives and Records Administration
1-86-NARA-NARA or 1-866-272-6272

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