JFK Assassination Records

Report of the Select Committee on Assassinations of the U.S. House of Representatives

References: Report on the Investigation of the Assassination of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. References: Introduction
  1. See generally Congressional Research Service, Library of Congress, "The Civil Rights Movement in the United States: 1955-1966," MLK project No. 1, April 12, 1978, prepared for the House Select Committee on Assassinations.
  2. See generally Congressional Research Service, Library of Congress, "Civil Rights Violence in the United States: 1619-1966," MLK project No. 10, July 7, 1978, prepared for the House Select Committee on Assassinations.
  3. This account of the last month and the last hours of Dr. King's life is, in large part, based on surveys of FBI files and testimony of witnesses, particularly the public testimony of Dr. King's close friend and associate, Dr. Ralph David Abernathy. See testimony of Dr. Ralph D. Abernathy, Aug. 14, 1978, hearings before the Select Committee on Assassinations, U.S. House of Representatives, 95h Congress, 2d session (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1979), volume I, pp. 10-39 (hereinafter Abernathy testimony, -- HSCA-MLK hearings,). See also executive session testimony of Dr. Ralph D. Abernathy, May 23, 1978, House Select Committee on Assassinations (MLK Document 230246); executive session testimony of Rev. Samuel B. Kyles, May 11, 1978, House Select Committee on Assassinations (MLK Document 230247); staff summary of interview with James Lawson, Mar. 15, 1978, House Select Committee on Assassinations (MLK Document 200038); staff summary of interview with Marrell McCollough, March 12, 1978, House Select Committee on Assassinations (MLK Document 200306); and staff summary of interview with Rev. Bernard Lee, May 7, 1977, House Select Committee on Assassinations (MLK Document 090007).
  4. See generally Congressional Research Service, Library of Congress, "Statistics on United States Participation in the Vietnam War," Aug. 15, 1972.
  5. See generally David L. Lewis, King: A Critical Biography (Baltimore: Penguin Books, Inc., 1970), pp. 258-364.
  6. Id. at 358.
  7. Id. at 363.
  8. Carl Greenberg, "Dr. King Asks Johnson Defeat, May Back Another Democrat-- Head SCLC Says Both McCarthy and Kennedy Are Competent Men With Good Civil Rights Records," Los Angeles Times, Mar. 17, 1968, p. A3.
  9. Ibid.
  10. See generally Richard N. Billings and John Greenya, Power to the Public Worker (Washington D.C.: Robert B. Luce, Inc., 1974), chapter 9, "A Strike for Recognition as a Man," pp. 171-204.
  11. See Thomas BeVier, "King Disappointed in March-- He'll Try Again Next Week." Memphis (Tenn.) Commercial Appeal. Mar. 30, 1968. p. A1. According to this article, Dr. King announced at his Mar. 29, 1968, press conference in Memphis that he would return there the following week. He said, "We are going to have a massive nonviolent demonstration..." and promised he would not lead a violent march.
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References: Section A
  1. Executive session testimony of Dr. Ralph D. Abernathy, May 23, 1978, House Select Committee on Assassinations, pp. 59-62 (MLK Document 230-246).
  2. Testimony of Dr. Ralph D. Abernathy, Aug. 14, 1978, hearings before the Select Committee on Assassinations, U.S. House of Representatives, 95th Congress, 2d session (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1979), vol. I, p. 20 (hereinafter Abernathy testimony, -- HSCA-MLK hearings, --).
  3. Testimony of Dr. Michael Baden, Aug. 15, 1978, I HSCA-MLK hearings 48, 49, 54, 62 (hereinafter Baden testimony). See also "Report on the Subject of the Assassination of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. by the Forensic

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    Pathology Panel," appendix to the hearings before the Select Committee on Assassinations, U.S. House of Representatives, 95th Congress, 2d session (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1979), XIII, para. 13, 29 (hereinafter autopsy panel report, -- appendix to the HSCA-MLK hearings,--).
  1. Id., Baden testimony, at 44, 58; id.,autopsy panel report, at 30.
  2. Id., Baden testimony, at 68.
  3. Id. at 60.
  4. Id. at 46, 57-59. See also autopsy panel report, at 81.
  5. Id., Baden testimony, at 46, 57; id., autopsy panel report, at 81.
  6. Id., Baden testimony, at 57-58; id., autopsy panel report, at 84.
  7. Id., Baden testimony, at 48, 52, 60; id., autopsy panel report at 81, 85, 88.
  8. See, e.g., Baden testimony, id. at 59.
  9. See, e.g., testimony of Marrell McCollough, Nov. 20, 1978, VI HSCA-MLK hearings (hereinafter McCollough testimony).
  10. Baden testimony, pp. 47, 59. See also autopsy panel report, p. 128.
  11. Id., Baden testimony, at 59; id., autopsy panel report, at 128.
  12. See generally "Report on the Subject of a Civil Engineering Survey of the Scene of the Assassination of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.," XIII appendix to the HSCA-MLK hearings (hereinafter engineering panel report).
  13. See, e.g., McCollough testimony, pp. 418-19.
  14. Engineering panel report, para. 22.
  15. Ibid.
  16. Ibid.
  17. Ibid.
  18. Affidavit of Charles Quitman Stephens, June 13, 1968 (MLK document 080011).
  19. FBI interview of William Anschutz, Apr. 7, 1968 (MLK document 170141).
  20. Designated counsel statement of Charles Q. Stephens, Apr. 14, 1978, House Select Committee on Assassinations (MLK document 210178).
  21. See generally "Charles Q. Stephens: Controversial Eyewitness to the Assassination," staff report, XIV appendix to the HSCA-MLK hearings (hereinafter Stephens staff report).
  22. Interview of Willie Anschutz, July 22, 1977, House Select Committee on Assassinations, pp. 7-8 (MLK document 110009).
  23. McCollough testimony, p. 420.
  24. Interview of Rev. Jesse Jackson by ABC News, Apr. 4, 1968, pp. 4-5 (MLK document 100062). Interview of Ben Branch by the sanitation strike archival project, Aug. 15, 1968, p. 21 (MLK document 010031).
  25. Designated counsel statement of Solomon Jones, Jr., June 23, 1978. House Select Committee on Assassinations (MLK document 270251).
  26. Ibid.
  27. Ibid.
  28. "Report on the Subject of the Examination of Firearm-Related Evidence in the Investigation of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. by the Firearms Panel," XIII appendix to the HSCA-MLK hearings, par. 138 (hereinafter firearms panel report).
  29. Testimony of James Earl Ray, Aug. l6, 1978, I HSCA-MLK hearings, 352 (hereinafter Ray testimony, Aug. 16, 1978).
  30. Interview of Donald Wood, Mar. 10, 1977, House Select Committee on Assassinations (MLK document 070038).
  31. MLK exhibit F-35, II HSCA-MLK hearings, 239. See also testimony of James Earl Ray, Aug. 17, 1978, II HSCA-MLK hearings, 40 (hereinafter Ray testimony, Aug. 18, 1978).
  32. Ray testimony, Aug. 17, 1978, pp. 103-104
  33. Ray testimony, Aug. 16, 1978, p. 352; see also Ray testimony, Aug. 17, 1978, p. 40.
  34. Ray testimony, Aug. 16, 1978, p. 101; see also Ray testimony, Aug. 17, 1978, pp. 61-64.
  35. Ray testimony, Aug. 16, 1978, p. 102.
  36. Interview of Bessie Brewer, Aug. 11, 1977, House Select Committee on Assassinations, pp. 3-4 (MLK Document 120012).
  37. See ref. 23, supra, designated counsel statement of Charles Q. Stephens, pp. 55-57; interview of Bertie Reeves by the Shelby County Public Defender's Office, Feb. 11, 1969 (MLK Document 030115).
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  1. Interview of Bernell Finley, July 21, 1977, House Select Committee on Assassinations (MLK Document 110492).
  2. FBI interview of Bernell Finley, Apr. 10, 1968 (MLK Document 170141).
  3. Interview of Guy Warren Canipe, Jr., May 11, 1977, House Select Committee on Assassinations (MLK Document 030156).
  4. FBI interview of Guy Warren Canipe, Jr., Apr. 10, 1968 (MLK Document 170141).
  5. See ref. 43 supra, interview of Canipe
  6. Interview of Julius Leroy Graham III, Jan. 31, 1978, House Select Committee on Assassinations (MLK Document 300062).
  7. Report of laboratory, FBI headquarters to Memphis, Apr. 17, 1968, FBI headquarters Murkin file 44-38861-unrecorded serial.
  8. Ibid. See also Ray testimony, Aug. 16, 1978, p. 92 (where Ray admitted having a radio when he escaped from prison).
  9. See generally "Report on the Subject of Questioned Handwriting Related to the Assassination of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.," XIII appendix to the HSCA- MLK hearings (hereinafter handwriting report).
  10. Firearms panel report, para. 108.
  11. Id. at 130.
  12. See FBI interview with Thomas Lau, Apr. 15, 1968, Los Angeles Murkin file 44-1574; FBI interview with Richard Gonzales, Apr. 16, 1968, Los Angeles Murkin file 44-1574.
  13. See MLK exhibit F-25 (interview of James Earl Ray by Dan Rather, Mar. 9, 1977), I HSCA-MLK hearings, 303.
  14. Ray testimony, Aug. 16, 1978, p. 99; see also Ray testimony, Aug. 17, 1978, p. 49.
  15. See MLK exhibit F-52 (change of address card), II HSCA-MLK hearings, pp. 50-51. See also Ray testimony, pp. 49-51.
  16. Ray testimony, Aug. 17, 1978, p. 53.
  17. Id. at 55, 61.
  18. Ray testimony, Aug. 16, 1978, pp. 100, 352.
  19. Id. at 352; see also Ray testimony, Aug. 17, 1978, p. 61.
  20. Ray testimony, Aug. 16, 1978, p. 101. See also Ray testimony, Aug. 17, 1978, pp. 62-63.
  21. See ref. 3, supra executive session testimony of Dr. Ralph D. Abernathy, May 23, 1978, House Select Committee on Assassinations (MLK Document 230246), pp. 51-63.
  22. Ray testimony, Aug. 17, 1978, p. 61.
  1. See stipulation No. 30 of MLK exhibit F-79 (proposed stipulation as to material facts in State of Tennessee v. James Earl Ray), III HSCA-MLK hearings, 49.
  2. MLK exhibit F-42 (interview of James Garner, Jan. 23, 1978, House Select Committee on Assassinations, II HSCA-MLK hearings, 20. Garner could not recall the date of payment, but stated that it was on Sunday, 1 week from the day Ray registered. Ray registered at Garner's on Mar. 23, 1968.
  3. Ray testimony, Aug. 17, 1978, pp. 64-65.
  4. MLK exhibit F-59 (laundry receipt, Piedmont Laundry), II HSCA-MLK hearings, 65.
  5. Testimony of Annie Estelle Peters, Aug. 18, 1978, III HSCA-MLK hearings, 302-307, 508-512. See also MLK exhibit F-106A (Piedmont Laundry ledger book), III HSCA-MLK hearings, 308ff.
  6. MLK exhibit F-105 (Apr. 1, 1968 articles in Atlanta Journal and Atlanta Constitution), II HSCA-MLK hearings, 96-97.
  7. Ray testimony, Aug. 16, 1978, p. 101.
  8. Id, at 102, 354. See also Ray testimony, Aug. 17, 1978, p. 101.
  9. Executive session testimony of Samuel B. Kyles, May 11, 1978, II HSCA­MLK hearings, 55-56.
  10. See MLK exhibit F-61 (Commercial Appeal), II HSCA-MLK hearings, 100. See also Ray testimony, Aug. 16, 1978, p. 355.
  11. See "Report on the Subject of the Analysis of Fingerprint Evidence Related to the Assassination of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.," by the fingerprint panel, XIII Appendix to the HSCA-MLK hearings, para. 14 (hereinafter fingerprint panel report).
  12. See MLK exhibit F-15C (view of Lorraine Motel from bathroom window at rear of Bessie Brewer's roominghouse), I HSCA-MLK hearings, 81.

Page 648

  1. Ray testimony- Aug.17, 1978, p 101.
  2. See ref. 39, supra, interview of Bessie Brewer.
  3. Ray testimony Aug. 16, 1978, p. 105.
  4. Interview of Ralph Carpenter, Oct. 7, 1977, House Select Committee on Assassinations, p. 2 MLK Document 140131).
  5. See MLK Exhibit F-15B (photograph of inside of room 5-B), I HSCA-MLK hearings, 80.
  6. Ray testimony, Aug. 16, 1978, pp. 106-107. The general outlines of Ray's testimony are corroborated by extrinsic evidence. First, the FBI located the Mustang in the parking lot of the Capitol Homes housing project in Atlanta. Second, records at Piedmont Laundry show Ray picked up laundry on April 5, 1968. The committee found no records to establish how Ray traveled from Atlanta to Canada; nevertheless, he did check into an apartment in Toronto on April 8, 1968- 4 days after the assassination.
  7. Id. at 106; See also Ray testimony, Aug. 17, 1978, pp. 106-107.
  8. Ray testimony, Aug. 17, 1978, pp. 106-107.
  9. Ray testimony, Aug. 16, 1978. p. 106.
  10. Interview of James Earl Ray, March 28, 1977, IX appendix to the HSCA-MLK hearings, 79-80 (hereinafter Ray interview, March 28, 1977).
  11. Id. at 60-84.
  12. Ray testimony, Aug. 16, 1978, pp. 106-107
  13. Ray interview, March 28, 1977, pp. 92-93.
  14. Id. at 118.
  15. Ray testimony, Aug. 17, 1978, p. 101.
  16. Ray interview, March 28, 1977, pp. 18, 79.
  17. Ray testimony, Aug. 16. l978, p. l06. See also Ray testimony, Aug. 17, 1978, pp. 106-107.
  18. Ray testimony, Aug. 16, 1978, p. 164.
  19. William Bradford Huie, "He Slew the Dreamer," (New York: DeLacorte Press, Inc., 1968) (hereinafter Huie, "He Slew the Dreamer").
  20. Ray testimony, Aug. 16, 1978, p. 35l.
  21. Id. at 164.
  22. Ray testimony, Aug. 17, 1978, p. 108.
  23. Testimony of Coy Dean Cowden, Aug. 18, 1978, III HSCA-MLK hearings, 547-549.
  24. Ibid.
  25. Testimony of Ernestine Johnson, Aug. 18, 1978, III HSCA-MLK hearings, 547-549.
  26. Testimony of Laree McFall, Aug. 18, 1978, III HSCA-MLK hearings, 552.
  27. Ray testimony, Aug. l6, 1978, p. 356.
  28. William Bradford Huie, "The Story of James Earl Ray and the Plot to Assassinate Martin Luther King," Look, Nov.12, 1968, p.104.
  29. Huie "He Slew the Dreamer," p. 37.
  30. Ray testimony, Aug. 16, 1978, p. 358.
  31. See MLK exhibit F-25, I HSCA-MLK hearings, 235 (interview of James Earl Ray by Dan Rather, Mar. 9, 1977.)
  32. "Playboy Interview: James Earl Ray," Playboy, September 1977, p. 78 (MLK document 230356).
  33. Ray testimony, Aug. 16, 1978, p. 358.
  34. Id. at 94.
  35. Id. at 95.
  36. Ibid.
  37. Id. at 96. It was not clear from Ray's testimony whether Raoul entered Cherpes' boardinghouse or merely left Ray outside.
  38. Id. at 97-98.
  39. Interview of James Earl Ray, May 3, 1977, X app. to the HSCA-MLK hearings, 117 (hereinafter Ray interview, May 3, 1977).
  40. Ray testimony, Aug 16, 1978, pp. 97-98.
  41. Id. at 99.
  42. See generally Ray testimony, Aug. 16, 1978, p. 100. Ray had told the committee in interviews that he met Raoul at the Starlite the day after a stop in Selma, Ala. A registration card at the Flamingo Motel in Selma establishes that Ray was there at least on the night of Mar. 22, 1968. (See MLK exhibit F-53, II HSCA-MLK hearings, 55).

Page 649

  1. Ray testimony, Aug. 16, 1978, p, 100.
  2. Ibid.
  3. Ibid.
  4. See "Compilation of the Statements of James Earl Ray" staff report in III appendix to the HSCA-MLK hearings, p. 218 (ref 10) (hereinafter staff report on Ray statements).
  5. Ray testimony, Aug. 17, 1978, p. 13
  6. Ray testimony, Aug. 16, 1978, pp. 101, 102.
  7. Id. at 102.
  8. Ray told the committee in interviews and testimony that he received three separate telephone numbers from Raoul. See e.g, Ray testimony, Aug 16, 1978, p. 98. Often, by his story, Ray did not talk directly to Raoul, but rather to a middleman. See, e.g., Ray testimony, Aug. 16, 1978, p. 99.
  9. Staff report on Ray statements, p 192
  10. Ray testimony, Aug. 17, 1978, p. 30.
  11. The "20,000 Words," XII app. to the HSCA-MLK hearings (hereinafter "20,000 Words").
  12. Ibid.
  13. Interview with James Earl Ray, Apr. 29, 1977, X appendix to the HSCA­MLK hearings, 135 (hereinafter Ray interview, Apr. 29, 1977).
  14. Ray testimony, Aug. 16, 1978, p. 100.
  15. Ray interview, Apr. 29, 1977, pp. 135-137.
  16. Ray testimony, Aug. 16, 1978, p. 100.
  17. Ray interview, Apr. 29, 1977, pp. 150-154.
  18. Id. at 144-145.
  19. Ray testimony, Aug. 17, 1978, p. 30.
  20. Affidavit of U. L. Baker, Nov. 15, 1978, House Select Committee on Assassinations (MLK Document 270234) (hereinafter Baker affidavit).
  21. Ray testimony, Aug 17, 1978, p 30.
  22. Baker affidavit; interview of Donald F. Wood, Nov. 8, 1977, House Select Committee on Assassinations (MLK Document 150062).
  23. See MLK exhibit F-35 (Aeromarine sales receipt), II HSCA-MLK hearings, 39.
  24. Ray testimony Aug. 17, 1978, p. 40.
  25. Ray interview, May 3, 1977, pp. 67-68.
  26. Interview with James Earl Ray, Sept. 29, 1977, X appendix to the HSCA-MLK hearings, 145.
  27. Ibid.
  28. Fingerprint report, para. 21.
  29. Ray testimony, Aug. 17, 1978, pp. 12-14.
  30. Ibid.
  31. Ray testimony, Aug. 16, 1978, p. 101.
  32. Ibid.
  33. Id. at 101-102.
  34. Ray testimony, Aug. 17, 1978, p. 44.
  35. Ray testimony, Aug. 16, 1978, p. 105.
  36. Ibid.
  37. FBI interview of Ralph Carpenter, Apr. 25, 1968 (MLK Document 040055).
  38. Interview with Ralph Carpenter, Oct 7, 1977, House Select Committee on Assassinations (MLK Document 140131).
  39. See ref. 23, supra, designated counsel statement of Charles Stephens.
  40. Interview of Willie Anschutz, July 7, 1977, House Select Committee on Assassinations (MLK Document 110009).
  41. Testimony of Duncan Ragsdale, Nov. 14, 1978, V HSCA-MLK hearings, 250.
  42. Interview with Wayne Chastain, Oct. 6, 1977, House Select Committee on Assassinations (MLK Document 190167).
  43. See text, infra, at II. D for discussion of the response of the Memphis Police Department immediately following the assassination.
  44. See MLK exhibit F 319 (affidavit of John Jacobs, Nov. 6, 1978), V HSCA­MLK hearings, 434.
  45. See MLK exhibits F 311 (affidavit of Glynn King, Nov. 3, 1978), V HSCA-MLK hearings, 401, and F-312 (affidavit of Tommy Smith, Nov. 3, 1978), V HSCA-MLK hearings, 404.

Page 650

  1. See MLK exhibit F-312 (affidavit of Tommy Smith, Nov. 3, 1978), V HSCA-MLK hearings 404; F-313 (affidavit of J. D. Music, Nov. 3, 1978), V HSCA-MLK hearings 408; F-314 (affidavit of C. F. Busch, Nov. 7, 1978), V HSCA-MLK hearings, 412; F-315 (affidavit of John Bauer, Nov 13, 1978), V HSCA-MLK hearings, 417; and F-316 (affidavit of Stephen M. Darlington, Nov. 3, 1978), V HSCA-MLK hearings, 421.
  2. Narration of G. Robert Blakey, V HSCA-MLK hearings, 444.
  3. Interview of Grace E. Walden, July 26, 1977, House Select Committee on Assassinations (MLK Document 120134). See also MLK exhibit F-336, V HSCA­MLK hearings, 581.
  4. MLK exhibit F-340 (interview of Grace Walden by NBC for "Today" show, Aug. 16, 1978), V HSCA-MLK hearings, 622.
  5. Testimony of William L. Srygly, Nov. 14, 1978, V HSCA-MLK hearings, 56-57.
  6. Testimony of Dr. David F. Moore, Nov. 14, 1977, V HSCA-MLK hearings, 102.
  7. Ibid. See also MLK exhibits F-321 (affidavit of James Simpson, Nov. 3, 1978), V HSCA-MLK hearings, 454; F-322 (affidavit of Michael J Dougherty Nov. 3, 1978), V HSCA-MLK hearings, 457; F-323 (affidavit of George Willis, Nov. 3, 1978), V HSCA-MLK hearings, 461.
  8. See MLK exhibits F-321 (affidavit of James Simpson, Nov, 3, 1978) V HSCA-MLK hearings, 454; F-322 (affidavit of Michael J. Dougherty, Nov. 3, 1978), V HSCA-MLK hearings, 457; F-323 (affidavit of George Willis, Nov. 3, 1978), V HSCA-MLK hearings, 461.
  9. Testimony of Dr. David E. Moore, Nov. 14, 1978, V HSCA-MLK hearings, 110 (hereinafter Moore testimony).
  10. Ibid. See also MLK exhibit F-339 (report of Dr. Roger Peale, M.D.), V HSCA-MLK hearings, 613.
  11. Moore testimony, p. 114.
  12. See MLK exhibit F-327 (affidavit of Dr. Sidney D. Vick, Nov. 7, 1978), V HSCA-MLK hearings, 516.
  13. Ibid.
  14. Testimony of C. Cleveland Drennon, Jr., Nov. 14, 1978, V HSCA-MLK hearings, 138.
  15. Testimony of Dr. James H. Druff, Nov. 14, 1978, V HSCA-MLK hearings 164-165. See also testimony of Dr. Jack C. Neale, Nov. 14, 1978, V HSCA-MLK hearings, 186-187, and testimony of Dr. Morris Cohen, Nov. 14, 1978, V HSCA­MLK hearings, 219-220.
  16. See generally testimony of Drs. Druff, Neale, and Cohen, supra, at ref. 177.
  17. Ibid.
  18. See MLK exhibit F-339 (report of Dr. Roger Peale), V HSCA-MLK hearings, 613.
  19. Transcript of guilty plea proceedings, Shelby County Criminal Court, Mar. 10, 1969 (MLK Document 010063) (hereinafter transcript of guilty plea proceedings).
  20. Testimony of Phil N. Canale, Nov, 13, 1978, V HSCA-MLK hearings, 132-134 (hereinafter Canale testimony).
  21. Testimony of Hugh Stanton, Jr., Oct. 23, 1974, Ray v. Rose, p. 223 (MLK Document 010005).
  22. Tennessee Code Annotated Section 39-2405.
  23. Transcript of guilty plea proceedings.
  24. Ibid.
  25. See MLK exhibit F-79 (proposed stipulation as to material facts), III HSCA-MLK hearings, 46. See also MLK Document 110106.
  26. Transcript of guilty plea proceedings.
  27. Letter from James Earl Ray to Judge W. Preston Battle, Mar. 13, 1969 (MLK Document 030102).
  28. Letter from James Earl Ray to Judge W. Preston Battle, Mar. 26, 1969 (MLK Document 030102).
  29. Court ruling on Ray's motion for new trial (MLK Document 030165).
  30. Ibid.
  31. Memorandum decision, Ray v. Rose, 373 F. Supp. 687 (1973).
  32. Ray v. Rose, 491 F. 2d 285 (1974).
  33. Ray v. Rose, 417 U.S. 936 (1974).

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  1. Memorandum decision, Ray v. Rose, 392 F. Supp. 601 (1975).
  2. Ray v. Rose, 535 F. 2d 966.
  3. Ibid.
  4. Ray v. Rose, 429 U.S. 1026 (1976).
  5. See generally petitioner's memorandum of points and authorities, memorandum of facts, Ray v. Rose, Dec. 4, 1972 (MLK Document 110309).
  6. Deposition of James Earl Ray, Nov. 22, 1969, Ray v. Foreman (MLK Document 030197).
  7. Deposition of Arthur Hanes, Sr., Nov. 7, 1969, Ray v. Foreman, pp. 20-24 (MLK Document 080055). See also Huie-Ray-Hanes contract, July 8, 1968 (MLK Document 110116) (hereinafter Hanes deposition).
  8. Id., Hanes deposition, at 5. See also Huie, He Slew the Dreamer, p. 186.
  9. Id., Hanes deposition. Id., Huie, He Slew the Dreamer, at 193.
  10. See, e.g., interview of Arthur Hanes, Sr., May 9, 1978, House Select Committee on Assassinations (MLK Document 210373).
  11. Deposition of James Earl Ray, Nov. 22, 1969, Ray v. Foreman (MLK Document 030197).
  12. Deposition of Percy Foreman, Nov. 11, 1969, Ray v. Foreman, pp. 11-12. (MLK Document 010050).
  13. Id. at 12-13.
  14. Foreman testimony, pp. 95, 96.
  15. Ray v. Rose, Feb. 27, 1975, 392 F. Supp. 601 (1975).
  16. Ibid.
  17. Ibid.
  18. Testimony of James Earl Ray, Oct. 29, 1974, Ray v. Rose (MLK Document 010042).
  19. Foreman testimony, pp. 84-86.
  20. Transcript of court proceedings, Shelby County Criminal Court, Nov. 12, 1968 (MLK Document 010009).
  21. Petitioner's memorandum of points and authorities, Ray v. Rose, Dec. 4, 1972 (MLK Document 110309).
  22. Interview of Percy Foreman, Apr. 13, 1974, House Select Committee on Assassinations, p. 25 (MLK Document 080006).
  23. Foreman testimony, p. 90.
  24. Deposition of Percy Foreman, Apr. 3, 1974, Ray v. Rose, pp. 72-82 (MLK Document 020031).
  25. Ibid. See also Foreman testimony, pp. 89-90.
  26. Deposition of Percy Foreman, Apr. 3, 1974, Ray v. Rose, pp. 44-45 (MLK Document 020031). See also deposition of Percy Foreman, Nov. 11, 1969, Ray v. Foreman, p. 29 (MLK Document 010050). See also interview of Arthur Hanes, Sr., May 9, 1978; House Select Committee on Assassinations, pp. 7-8 (MLK Document 210373).
  27. Foreman testimony, pp. 89-90. See also deposition of Percy Foreman Apr.3, 1974, Ray v. Rose, pp. 76-78 (MLK Document 020031).
  28. Testimony of Hugh Stanton, Jr., Ray v. Rose, Oct. 23, 1974, p. 283 (MLK Document 010005).
  29. Outside contact report with Thomas E. Smith, Dec. 8, 1978, House Select Committee on Assassinations (MLK Document 280079).
  30. Ibid.
  31. Foreman testimony, p. 90.
  32. Shelby County Jail logs, July 19, 1968 through Mar. 10, 1969 (MLK Documents 110160, 110161, 110296, 110325, and 110326).
  33. Testimony of Dr. McCarthy DeMere, Nov. 13, 1978, V HSCA-MLK hearings, 166-167.
  34. Deposition of James Earl Ray, Nov. 22, 1969, Ray v. Foreman p. 54.
  35. Interview of Arthur Hanes, Sr., May 9, 1978, House Select Committee on Assassinations, pp. 7-8 (MLK Document 210373).
  36. See review of prior investigations by Judge McCrae in Ray v. Rose, 392 F. Supp. 601 (1975), p. 26 (MLK Document 260030); see also Foreman testimony, pp. 89-91; and testimony of Hugh Stanton, Jr., Ray v. Rose, Oct. 23, 1974, pp. 259-289 (MLK Document 010005); and deposition of William Bradford Huie, Sept. 20, 1974, Ray v. Rose, p. 23, 70, 78 (MLK Document 170154).
  37. Testimony of Hugh Stanton, Jr., Oct. 23, 1974, Ray v. Rose, pp. 259-289 (MLK Document 010005).

Page 652

  1. Id. at 304.
  2. Id. at 242, 310-311.
  3. Id. at 245.
  4. Habeas corpus testimony of Hugh Stanton, Jr., Oct 23, 1974, pp. 259-289 (MLK Document 010005).
  5. According to Hugh Stanton, Jr.'s testimony at the habeas corpus proceedings, Foreman had a working knowledge of the case that "amazed" him. It was thorough enough for Foreman to have dictated a 75-page working paper from which the public defender's investigators worked. The record of the habeas corpus proceeding would indicate that although the combined investigation was by no means complete, enough had been learned that Foreman was in a position to make a powerful case for a guilty plea by the time he approached Ray about the possibility. Stanton testimony, Ray v. Rose, Oct. 3, 1974, p. 259 (MLK Document 010005).
  6. Petitioner's memorandum of fact, Ray v. Rose (MLK Document 110309).
  7. MLK exhibit F-262, V HSCA-MLK hearings, 91.
  8. MLK exhibit F-78, III HSCA-MLK hearings, 17.
  9. Ray v. Rose, 535 F. 2d 966 (6th Cir. 1976).
  10. Transcript of guilty plea proceedings.
  11. State of Missouri v. James Earl Ray, court of the city of St. Louis for criminal cases, circuit court cause 1427-H (MLK Document 280211).
  12. Petitioner's memorandum of facts, Ray v. Rose, pp. 40-41 (MLK Document 110309).
  13. Testimony of Billy J. Smith, Oct. 22, 1974, Ray v. Rose, pp. 41-92 (MLK Document O10006), and pp. 103-104 (MLK Document 010007).
  14. Testimony of Dr. McCarthy DeMere, Oct. 23, 1974; Ray v. Rose, p. 205 (MLK Document 010005).
  15. Interview of Dr. McCarthy DeMere, July 19, 1978, House Select Committee on Assassinations (MLK Document 230381).
  16. Dr. McCarthy DeMere testimony, Nov. 13, 1978, V HSCA-MLK hearings, 161-179.
  17. Ray interview, Sept. 29, 1977, p. 55.
  18. Id. at 54.
  19. Ibid.
  20. Id. at 56.
  21. Petitioner's memorandum of points and authorities, memorandum of facts, Ray v. Rose, Dec. 4, 1972, pp. 42-43 (MLK Document 110309).
  22. FBI identification record of John Larry Ray, No. 368 725A (MLK Document 240087).
  23. Ray interview, Sept. 29, 1977, pp. 56-57.
  24. Id. at 68.
  25. Id. at 65; see also testimony of James Earl Ray, Oct. 29. 1974, Ray v Rose, p. 864 (MLK Document 010039).
  26. Testimony of James Earl Ray, Oct. 29, 1974, Ray v. Rose, p. 854 (MLK Document 010039).
  27. Ibid.
  28. Ibid.
  29. Missouri court records, State v. Ray, cause 1427-H (MLK Document 280311); see also testimony of James Earl Ray, Oct. 29, 1974, Ray v. Rose, pp. 916-918 (MLK Document 010042).
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References: Section B
  1. FBI memorandum, Hoover to Tolson, DeLoach, Rosen, Bishop, Sullivan, June 20, 1968; FBI headquarters Murkin file, serial No. 44-38861-4660.
  2. See, e.g., George McMillan, The Making of an Assassin (Boston-Toronto: Little, Brown & Co., 1976, 1st ed.).
  3. "Report of the Department of Justice Task Force to Review the FBI Martin Luther King, Jr., Security and Assassination Investigation." Jan. 11, 1977 (Washington, D.C.: U.S Government Printing Office, 1977), p. 97.
  4. See volume XIII, appendix to the hearings before the Select Committee on Assassinations, U.S. House of Representatives, 95th Cong. 2d sess. (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1979) (hereinafter HSCA-MLK hearings), for the committee's science reports on the King investigation.
Page 653
  1. See, e.g., ref. 2, supra, pp 202-209; see also "Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., Supplemental Studies Pertaining to the Motive of James Earl Ray," staff report, XIII appendix to the HSCA-MLK hearings (hereinafter staff report: Motive).
  2. Staff summary of interview of Leslie Allen Achter, June 9, 1977, House Select Committee on Assassinations (MLK Document 180031); staff summary of interview of Bercia Lee Barbarick, July 12, 1978, House Select Committee on Assassinations (MLK Document 230308); staff summary of interview of Gene Raymond Barnes, November 2, 1977, House Select Committee on Assassinations (MLK Document 150060); staff summary of interview of Julius Maurice Block, August 20, 1978, House Select Committee on Assassinations (MLK Document 260299); staff summary of interview of Frank Boedeker, June 8, 1977, House Select Committee on Assassinations (MLK Document l80036); staff summary of interview of James Thomas Bond, Aug. 1, 1978, House Select Committee on Assassinations (MLK Document 240151); staff summary of interview of James Wilson Brown, July 27, 1978, House Select Committee on Assassinations (MLK Document 240282); staff summary of interview of Floyd Edward Cain, July 13, 1978, House Select Committee on Assassinations (MLK Document 240153); staff summary of interview of Donald Garfield Cox, July 13, 1978, House Select Committee on Assassinations (MLK Document 230309); staff summary of interview of Thomas B. Crews, July 13, 1978, House Select Committee on Assassinations (MLK Document 230307); staff summary of interview of Raymond Louis Curtis, November 30, 1977, House Select Committee on Assassinations (MLK Document 220133); staff summary of interview of Louis Raymond Dowda, August 22, 1978, House Select Committee on Assassinations (MLK Document 240374); staff summary of interview of George Ben Edmondson, October 31, 1978, House Select Committee on Assassinations (MLK Document 260219); staff summary of interview of Larry Foster, June 9, 1977, House Select Committee on Assassinations (MLK Document l80029).
    Staff summary of interview of Ernest "Cadillac" Franklin, June 8, 1977, House Select Committee on Assassinations (MLK Document 100097); staff summary of interview of Benjamin Goodin, former prison civilian chef, June 10 1977, House Select Committee on Assassinations (MLK Document 100098), staff summary of interview of Joe Hegwood, June 10, 1977, House Select Committee on Assassinations, p. 2 (MLK Document 180032); staff summary of interview of John Kenneth Hurtt, November 10, 1977, House Select Committee on Assassinations (MLK Document 180082); staff summary of interview of Paul Alvin Gail, Jr., Sept. 24, 1978, House Select Committee on Assassinations (MLK Document 300149); staff summary of interview of Eric Lafe Larson, July 14, 1978, House Select Committee on Assassinations (MLK Document 240156); staff summary of interview of Cecil Clayton Lillibridge, November 22, 1977, House Select Committee on Assassinations (MLK Document 170390); staff summary of interview of Joseph J. Maloney, November 10, 1977, House Select Committee on Assassinations (MLK Document 180184); staff summary of interview of Raymond Louis Menard. July 18, 1978, House Select Committee on Assassinations (MLK Document 240157); staff summary of interview of Michael Moore, June 9, 1977, House Select Committee on Assassinations (MLK Document 180033); staff summary of interview of Raymond Patrick, June 9, 1977, House Select Committee on Assassinations, p. 2 (MLK Document 180038); staff summary of interview of Robert L. Powell, November 21, 1977, House Select Committee on Assassinations (MLK Document 170321); staff summary of interview of Jack Romprey, June 9, 1977, House Select Committee on Assassinations (MLK Document 180035); MLK Exhibit F-640 (staff summary of interview of Walter Terry Rife, May 2, 1978, VIII HSCA-MLK Hearings, 64), staff summary of interview of James Stidham, June 10, 1977, House Select Committee on Assassinations (MLK Document 100094); staff summary of interview of Ronald Terry, June 9, 1977, House Select Committee on Assassinations (MLK Document 180037); staff summary of interview of Kenneth Lee Wade, September 4, 1978. House Select Committee on Assassinations (MLK Document 250123).
  3. William Bradford Huie, He Slew the Dreamer (New York: Delacorte Press, 1970, 3d ed.), p. 45.
  4. FBI Document, Mexico City Legat, Non-Prosecutive Summary, p. 14, received from Shelby County, Tenn., Attorney General's office by House Select Committee on Assassinations (MLK Document 040063).
  5. See, e.g., ref. 2, supra, pp. 269-270; Gerold Frank, An American Death (Garden City, New York: Doubleday and Co., Inc., 1972, 1st ed.), pp 304-305.
Page 654
  1. See MLK Exhibit F-173 (staff interview of Manuela Aquirre-Medrano-- aka Irma Morales-- June 5, 1978, House Select Committee on Assassinations, IV HSCA-MLK Hearings, 161.
  2. Compare pp. 269-270, ref. 2 supra and pp. 301-305, ref. 9 supra.
  3. Testimony of Alexander Eist, November 9, 1978, IV HSCA-MLK hearings, 21-22 (hereinafter Eist testimony).
  4. See "Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. Supplemental Studies Pertaining to the Motive of James Earl Ray," staff report, XIII appendix to the HSCA-MLK hearings for a more detailed study of Ray's interest in African countries.
  5. Staff memorandum on phone contact with Dr. David Abrahamson, House Select Committee on Assassinations (MLK Document 300148); staff memorandum on phone contact with Dr. Park Dietz, House Select Committee on Assassinations (MLK Document 300147); staff memorandum on phone contact with Dr. Lawrence Freedman, House Select Committee on Assassinations (MLK Document 300146); staff memorandum on phone contact with Dr. Seymour Halleck, House Select Committee on Assassinations (MLK Document 300144); staff memorandum on phone contact with Dr. Irving Harris, House Select Committee on Assassinations (MLK Document 300145); staff memorandum on Jan. 19, 1978 contact with Dr. Zigmund Lebensohn, House Select Committee on Assassinations (MLK Document 300143); staff memorandum on phone contact with Dr. Irwin Perr, House Select Committee on Assassinations (MLK Document 300142); staff memorandum on phone contact with Dr. Jonas Rappeport, House Select Committee on Assassinations (MLK Document 300141); staff memorandum on phone contact with Dr. David Rothstein, House Select Committee on Assassinations (MLK Document 300140); staff memorandum on phone contact with Dr. Robert Sadoff, House Select Committee on Assassinations (MLK Document 300139); staff memorandum on phone contact with Dr. Andy Watson, House Select Committee on Assassinations (MLK Document 300128).
  6. See pp. 83-84, 91, ref. 7 supra; see also ref. 3, p. 97 (recognizing the possibility that Ray killed Dr. King, in part, out of a "yearning for recognition").
  7. See p. 83, ref. 7 supra.
  8. Id. at 84.
  9. Id. at 91.
  10. Eist testimony, pp. 21-22.
  11. Staff summary of interview of George Ben Edmundson, October 31, 1978, House Select Committee on Assassinations (MLK Document 260219).
  12. Immunized executive session testimony of Marie Martin Levy, April 5, 1978, House Select Committee on Assassinations, pp. 29-34.
  13. See section II D for a detailed examination of the postassassination activities of the Memphis Police Department.
  14. FBI identification record of James Earl Ray, No. 306 443A.
  15. MLK Exhibit F-642 (St. Louis Post-Dispatch interview), VIII HSCA­MLK hearings, 589.
  16. Testimony of John Ray, December 1, 1978 VIII HSCA-MLK hearings, 119 (hereinafter John Ray testimony).
  17. MLK exhibit F-606 (FBI airtel, June 11, 1968), VII HSCA-MLK hearings, 457.
  18. Ibid.
  19. Testimony of Jerry Ray, November 30, 1978. VII HSCA-MLK hearings, 98-99 (hereinafter Jerry Ray testimony).
  20. Id. at 101.
  21. But see James Earl Ray testimony, August 17, 1978, II HSCA-MLK hearings, 489ff (Ray's denial of involvement).
  22. See MLK exhibit F-173 (staff interview of Irma Morales, June 5, l978, IV HSCA-MLK hearings, 161): see also staff summary of interview of Luis Alberto Garcia, June 2, 1978, House Select Committee on Assassinations (MLK Document 260118) staff summary of interview of Oscar Mendiola, June 3, 1978, House Select Committee on Assassinations (MLK document 260123): staff summary of interview of Rodimiro Vizcarra de Jesus, June 4, 1978, House Select Committee on Assassinations (MLK document 260149): staff summary of interview of Manuela Aguirer, June 5, 1978, House Select Committee on Assassinations (MLK document 250135).
  23. See pp. l09-111, ref. 21 supra: see also immunized executive session testimony of Marie Martin Levy, ref. 21, supra, p. 167.
Page 655
  1. FBI interview of Sharon Rhoads, Apr. 16, 1978, pp. 117-120 (MLK Document 040062); FBI interview of Tomas Lau, Apr. l5, 1968, Los Angeles Murkin Report. pp. 131-133 (MLK Document 040053); staff summary of interview of Sharon Rhoads, Nov. 17, 1977, House Select Committee on Assassinations, p. 2 (MLK Document 160107); staff summary of interview of Tomas Lau, Nov. 14, 1977, House Select Committee of assassinations, p. 1 (MLK Document 160152).
  2. See immunized executive session testimony of Marie Martin Levy, ref. 21, supra, pp. 143-158; immunized executive session testimony of Charles J. Stein, Apr. 4, 1978, House Select Committee on Assassinations, pp. 81-95; executive session testimony of Rita Stein, Apr. 6, 1978, House Select Committee on Assassinations, pp. 9-15; see also affidavits for registration for Mimi De Grasse (Marie Martin Levy), Rita Rosas (Rita Stein), Charles J. Stein, Dec. 15, 1967. (MLK Document 160266).
  3. Staff summary of interview with Charles Stein, Jan. 23, 1978-Jan. 26, 1978, House Select Committee on Assassinations (MLK Document 190402).
  4. See, e.g., staff summary of interview of Mickey Medina, Feb. 17, 1978, House Select Committee on Assassinations (MLK Document 190288); staff summary of interview of Felix Valdez, Feb. 14, 1978, House Select Committee on Assassinations (MLK Document l80389); staff summary of interview of Clara Stann, Feb. 15, 1978, House Select Committee on Assassinations (MLK Document 180387); staff summary of interview of Theresa Stone, Feb. 13, 1978, House Select Committee on Assassinations (MLK Document 180386); staff summary of interview of Charles De Carvelho, June 17, 1977, House Select Committee on Assassinations (MLK Document 130079); deposition of Charles De Carvelho, House Select Committee on Assassinations (MLK Document 100261).
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References: Section C
  1. Report of the Federal Bureau of Investigations, Special Agent William Booth, Feb. 15, 1968; FBI headquarters Vincent DePalma file.
  2. Ibid.
  3. Ibid.
  4. FBI airtel from Director to Denver, Feb. 6, 1968, FBI headquarters Vincent DePalma file.
  5. FBI airtel from Springfield to Chicago, Apr. 6, 1968, FBI headquarters Murkin file 44-38841-562.
  6. See, e.g., airtel from SAC, Kansas City, to Director, Apr. 7, 1968, FBI headquarters MURKIN file, 44-38861-171.
  7. See, e.g., FBI airtel from Little Rock to Director, et al., Apr. 10, 1968, FBI headquarters MURKIN file 44-38861-361.
  8. Outside contact report with Dan Senf, May 16, 1978, House Select Committee on Assassinations (MLK Document 210341).
  9. Staff summary of interview with Jerry Milton Brooks, June 26, 1978, House Select Committee on Assassinations (MLK Document 220467).
  10. Interview of Mary Tollerton, May 25, 1978, House Select Committee on Assassinations, p.4 (MLK Document 220444).
  11. Executive session testimony of Walter Peyson, June 8, 1978, House Select Committee on Assassinations, pp. 81, 89, 108 (hereinafter Peyson testimony).
  12. Executive session testimony of Robert DePugh, June 8, 1978, House Select Committee on Assassinations, pp. 55-56 (hereinafter DePugh testimony).
  13. Peyson testimony, pp. 95-96; id., DePugh testimony, at 52, 67.
  14. Id., Peyson testimony, at 80; id., DePugh testimony, at 54.
  15. FBI airtel from Birmingham to Director, Apr. l8, 1968, FBI headquarters MURKIN file 44-38861-1203.
  16. Ibid.
  17. Ibid.
  18. FBI airtel from Mobile to Director, Aug. 7, 1968, FBI headquarters file 157-9586-616.
  19. Barnes not only refused to comment at that interview but further stated that if he were subpoenaed to testify in regard to this matter, he would still decline to give the committee any information; staff summary of interview with Sidney Barnes, May 9, 1978, House Select Committee on Assassinations, pp. 1-2 (MLK Document 210292).
  20. Staff summary of interview of confidential source, Apr. 27, 1978, House Select Committee on Assassinations (MLK Document 210104); staff summary of

Page 656

    interview of confidential source, May 18, 1978, House Select Committee on Assassinations, p. 2 (MLK Document 230010).
  1. See, e.g., staff summary of interview of Admiral John Crommelin, Oct. 26, 1978, House Select Committee on Assassinations (MLK Document 260315).
  2. FBI teletype from Dallas to Director, Memphis, Jackson, Apr. 23, 1968, FBI Headquarters MURKIN file 44038861-1835.
  3. See, generally, FBI headquarters files 157-165-- serials 13, 23; FBI headquarters file 157-164-- serial 13; Jackson, Miss., Field Office file 157-9586-- serial 502.
  4. Staff summary of interview of Myrtis Ruth Hendricks, June 24, 1978, House Select Committee on Assassinations (MLK Document 230041).
  5. Letter from House Select Committee on Assassinations to Attorney General Griffin Bell, July 17, 1978 (MLK Document 310123).
  6. Letter from FBI to House Select Committee on Assassinations, Aug. 14, 1978 (MLK Document 240280).
  7. Telegrams from House Select Committee on Assassinations to Nix, Bowers, and McGee, July 7, 1978 (MLK Document 230105).
  8. FBI headquarters MURKIN file 44-38861-497. The Bureau identified the subscribers of the three phone numbers to which the calls from Wisconsin were made: 704-758-2908-- Earl Hall Used Cars, Earl Hall, owner, Lenoir, N.C., 101 Molehill Drive; 704-758-4930-- Paul Ellison Sanders, Radcliff Rd., Lenoir, N.C., vice president, Sanders Management Co., 704-758-2100-- Samuel J. Sanders, Cotrell Hill Road, Lenoir, N.C.
  9. Ibid. The caller allegedly identified himself as "Robert" during the call to 704-754-4930.
  10. Ibid. The caller allegedly had this conversation when speaking to unknown male at 704-758-2100.
  11. See ref. 28, supra.
  12. FBI airtel from Charlotte to Director, June 17, 1968, FBI headquarters MURKIN file 44-38861-4669.
  13. FBI airtel from Milwaukee to Director, June 27, 1968, FBI headquarters MURKIN file 44-38861-4949.
  14. The name George Wilson was used as an alias by this individual in his initial contact with the House Select Committee on Assassinations in January 1977. Although the committee subsequently learned his true identity, the name Wilson will be used throughout to preserve the confidentiality of the source.
  15. Staff memorandum from James Chenoweth to file, January 10, 1977, House Select Committee on Assassinations re: telephone call from George Wilson (MLK Document 290050).
  16. FBI letterhead memorandum, July 27, 1969, FBI headquarters file 157­370-66-482.
  17. FBI headquarters file, serial 157-370-4-575.
  18. See FBI airtel from SAC Birmingham to Director, Aug. 20, 1968, FBI headquarters file 157-370-4-640; FBI airtel from SAC Birmingham to Director, Sept. 4, 1968, FBI headquarters file 157-370-4-699; FBI airtel from Birmingham to Director, FBI headquarters MURKIN file 44-38861-4936.
  19. The committees interest in Ray's choice of Arthur Hanes as his first attorney was based on Hanes' previous defense of the individuals charged with the murder of Viola Liuzzo. These individuals were members of the UKA. It seemed reasonable to assume that Ray's choice of Hanes was influenced by the attorney's reputation resulting from the Liuzzo case; Ray claimed, however, that his only knowledge of Hanes was that he had been mayor of Birmingham. See interview of James Earl Ray, Sept. 29, 1977, XI appendix to the HSCA-MLK hearings, pp. 416-417, 421.
  20. Staff summary of interview with George Wilson, Apr. 27, 1978, House Select Committee on Assassinations (MLK Document 290051).
  21. Executive session testimony of Robert H. Shelton, June 7, 1978, House Select Committee on Assassinations.
  22. Executive session testimony of Melvin A. Sexton. June 6, 1978, House Select Committee on Assassinations.
  23. Executive session testimony of Arthur Hanes, Sr., June 7, 1978, House Select Committee on Assassinations.
  24. Executive session testimony of Furman Dean Williams, June 6, 1978, House Select Committee on Assassinations.
  25. Executive session testimony of James Roberson Jones, June 6, 1978, House Select Committee on Assassinations.

Page 657

  1. Id. at 20-21; executive session testimony of Furman Dean Williams, June 6, 1978, House Select Committee on Assassinations, pp. 16-17.
  2. Executive session testimony of Arthur Hanes, Sr., June 7, l978, House Select Committee on Assassinations, pp. 33-38; Executive session testimony of Robert H. Shelton, May 26, 1978, House Select Committee on Assassinations, pp. 33-38; executive session testimony of Melvin Sexton, June 6, 1978, House Select Committee on Assassinations, pp. 23-24.
  3. Executive session testimony of Arthur Hanes, Sr., June 7, 1978, House Select Committee on Assassinations, p. 35; executive session testimony of Melvin A. Sexton, June 6, 1978, House Select Committee on Assassinations, pp, 14-29.
  4. Bill Montgomery, "The Mystery of J.B.," Atlanta Journal, Oct. 12, 1977, p. 16-A.; "Atlanta Lawyer to Defend Plot Suspect," Atlanta Journal, May 18, 1961.
  5. FBI report, February 15, 1967, FBI headquarters National States Rights file 105-66233-1867, p. 5; immunized executive session testimony of J. B. Stoner, March 8, 1978, House Select Committee on Assassinations, pp. 6-9 (hereinafter Stoner testimony, March 8, 1978); immunized executive session testimony of Edward R. Fields, March 19, 1978, House Select Committee on Assassinations, p. 200 (hereinafter Fields testimony, March 19, 1978).
    NOTE.-- While FBI reports, such as the one cited above, and many newspaper reports credit Stoner with being one of the founders of the NSRP, Stoner himself claims he was not involved in the United White Party, the predecessor of the NSRP, nor was he one of the founders of NSRP.
  6. FBI report, July 26, 1964, FBI headquarters J.B. Stoner file 157-97-97.
  7. FBI report, April 8, 1968, FBI headquarters NSRP file 105-66233-2082.
  8. Ibid.
  9. Interview with James Earl Ray, Sept. 29, 1977, XI appendix to the HSCA-MLK hearings, 46-47, 53-54.
  10. "Stoner is a Lawyer for Ray's Brother," Atlanta Constitution, November 3, 1970, p. 15A; news file on John Ray, October 21, l977 (MLK Document 140039); "Ray's Brother Sentenced," New York Times, April 24, 1971 (MLK document 140039).
  11. Immunized executive session testimony of J.B. Stoner, April 19, l978, House Select Committee on Assassinations, p. 114 (hereafter Stoner testimony, April 19, 1978); see also "Ray is Arraigned in Private Session," Atlanta Constitution, July 28, 1970.
  12. FBI report, FBI headquarters J.B. Stoner file, 174-425-1; FBI report, FBI headquarters, Christian Anti-Jewish Party file 65-15743, serials 104-195.
  13. David Morrison and Steven Holmes, "Stoner Indicted in Bombing," Atlanta Constitution, Sept. 27, 1977, pp. 1A, 12A.
  14. Interview with Thomas Cook, January 18, 1978, House Select Committee on Assassinations, p. 3 (MLK document 170278).
  15. Immunized executive session testimony of Edward R. Fields, April 19, 1978, House Select Committee on Assassinations, pp. 184-186 (hereinafter Fields testimony), April 19, 1978).
  16. Indictment in the District Court of the United States for the Northern District of Alabama, Docket No. CR 63-316 (MLK document 290002).
  17. FBI report, prosecutive summary report, March 26, 1964, FBI headquarters J.B. Stoner file 157-l604.
  18. "Rights Party Nominates Atlantan," Atlanta Constitution, Mar. 2, 1964; "States Rights Slate Lists Kasper, Atlantan," Atlanta Journal, Mar. 2, l964.
  19. Phil Gailey, "J.B. Stoner Studies Foreign Policy," Atlanta Constitution, Nov. 9, 1971.
  20. Bill Montgomery, "Mystery of J.B.," Atlanta Journal, Oct. 12, 1977, p. A1; Ron Casey, "Stoner Says FBI, Jews are Enemies," Birmingham News, Nov. 28, 1977, pp. 1-6; Ken Willis, "Stoner Funds Under Probe," Atlanta Constitution, Aug. 24, 1973; "Stoner Announces Senate Candidacy," Atlanta Journal, July 6, 1971.
  21. Stoner ran for Governor of Georgia and lost in the primary on Aug. 8, 1978 with only 5.47 percent of the vote, Washington Star, Aug. 9, 1978, pp. Al, A10.
  22. FBI report, June 27, l968, FBI headquarters NSRP file 105-66233-2l27; see also, Stoner testimony, Apr. 19, 1978, p. 117; interview of James Earl Ray, Sept. 29, 1977, X1 appendix to the HSCA-MLK hearings, 46-47, 41-55 (hereinafter Ray interview, Sept. 29, 1977).

Page 658

  1. Jeff Cohen and Dave Lifton, "A Man He Calls Raoul," New Times, April 1, 1977, p. 32.
    NOTE.--Harry Avery, Commissioner of Corrections for the State of Tennessee in March 1969, claimed that in his official position he got to know James Earl Ray and Jerry Ray. Avery claims that while driving Jerry Ray to a meeting, Jerry told him that he (Jerry) was to meet with Stoner and that Stoner had been "our" (implying Jerry's and James' at least) attorney for 2 years before the assassination. The committee was not able to substantiate this claim.
  2. See interview of Harry Avery, Dec. 3, 1976, House Select Committee on Assassinations, p. 12 (MLK document 040007); interview of Harry Avery, June 14, 1977, House Select Committee on Assassinations, p. 29 (MLK document 100051); memorandum to Governor Ellington from W. E. Hopton re: interview of Avery by Hopton, May 20, 1969, pp. 1, 4 (MLK document 200472).
  3. Staff comparison of Stoner and James Earl Ray activities from Apr. 23, 1967 to June 8, 1968, taken from FBI files (MLK document 280212); see also Stoner testimony, Apr. 19, 1978, p. 117; Fields testimony, Apr.19, 1978, pp. 187-188; also Ray interview Sept. 29, 1977, pp. 46-47, 51-55.
  4. Letter "To Whom It May Concern From Edward R. Fields, re: James Earl Ray Case, June 14, 1968" (MLK document 270062).
  5. Ray interview, Sept. 29, 1977, pp. 51-53.
  6. Ray interview, Sept. 29, 1977, pp. 51-53; letter from James Earl Ray to J. B. Stoner, Aug. 9, 1968, re: representation in libel matter (MLK document 110108); "Commotion Vowed in Ray Civil Suits," Atlanta Journal, Mar. 26, 1969.
  7. Ray Interview, Sept. 29, 1977, pp. 70-71, "A Retrial for Ray Asked in Memphis by New Lawyers," New York Times, Apr. 8, 1969, p. 14.
  8. Bynum Shaw, "Are You Sure Who Killed Martin Luther King," Esquire magazine, March 1972, p. 116; Robert Johnson, "James Earl Ray's Chief Defense Lawyer Claims U.S. Government Agents Killed Martin Luther King," National Enquirer, vol. 44, No 7, Oct. 19, 1969.
  9. Stoner testimony, Mar. 8, 1978, p. 76; immunized executive session testimony of J.B. Stoner, Mar. 9, 1978, House Select Committee on Assassinations, pp. 24-31; Stoner testimony, Apr. 19, 1978, pp. 98-104.
  10. Stoner testimony, Mar. 8, 1978, pp. 137-170.
  11. Ray executed a waiver for Arthur Hanes, Jr., but later tried to withdraw it. See also the following waivers of attorney-client privilege executed by James Earl Ray: Mar. 7, 1977 (MLK document 029005); Nov. 14, 1977 (MLK document 190100); Mar. 27, l977 (MLK document O0074); May 3, 1977 (MLK document 090004); May 23, 1977 (MLK document 110328); June 22, 1977 (MLK document 130045).
  12. Waiver of attorney-client privilege executed by James Earl Ray, May 23, 1977 (MLK document 110328).
  13. Immunized executive session testimony of J.B. Stoner, Mar. 8, 1978, House Select Committee on Assassinations, pp. 45-49.
  14. Id. at 45.
  15. Id. at 48.
  16. Id. at 46.
  17. Id. at 47-48.
  18. Immunized executive session testimony of J.B. Stoner, Mar. 9, 1978, House Select Committee on Assassinations, pp. 41-42.
  19. Id. at 46, 77; Stoner testimony, Mar. 8, 1978, p. 98.
  20. Interview of Asa Carter, Apr. 6, 1978, House Select Committee on Assassinations, p. 2 (MLK document 200136).
  21. Ibid.
  22. Executive session testimony of William H. Morris, Mar. 10, 1978, House Select Committee on Assassinations, pp. 6-9.
  23. Id. at 33-55.
  24. Id. at 11, 12.
  25. Report on the Federated Ku Klux Klan, Inc., Feb. 20, 1962, FBI headquarters file 157-166-39.
  26. Ibid.
  27. Executive session testimony of William H. Morris, Mar. 10, 1978, House Select Committee on Assassinations, pp. 40-42.
  28. Id. at 12.
  29. Id. at 12-13.
  30. Id. at 12-13.

Page 659

  1. Id. at 23.
  2. Id. at 27.
  3. Id. at 27, 45.
  4. Memphis Police Department homicide report, supplement No. 85, Apr. 13, 1968 (MLK document 030203).
  5. Id. at 1754-44.
  6. Ibid.
  7. Ibid.
  8. Ibid.
  9. Ibid.
  10. Id. at 1760.
  11. Ibid.
  12. Ibid.; see also staff summary of interview of B.J. Smith, July 26, 1977, House Select Committee on Assassinations (MLK document 120097); staff summary of interview of W.C. Hughes, Nov. 17, 1977 (MLK document 160044); staff summary of interview of J.H. Jones, Nov. 16, 1977, House Select Committee on Assassinations (MLK document 160045).
  13. Memphis Police Department homicide report, supplement 85, Apr. 13, 1968 (MLK document O30203).
  14. Ibid.
  15. Ibid.
  16. FBI airtel, July 29, 1968, to Director, from SAC Memphis re: CB transmission on Apr. 4, 1968, FBI headquarters MURKIN file 44-38861-5094.
  17. Ibid.
  18. Staff summary of interview of B.J. Smith, July 26, 1977, House Select Committee on Assassinations (MLK document 120097); staff summary of interview of W.C. Hughes, Nov. 17, 1977, House Select Committee on Assassinations (MLK document 160044); and staff summary of interview of J.H. Jones, Nov. 16, 1977, House Select Committee on Assassinations (MLK document 160045).
  19. See road map of Memphis, Tenn. (MLK document 290024).
  20. See Memphis Police Department homicide report, supplement 85, Apr. 13, 1968 (MLK document 030203); FBI airtel, July 29, 1968, to Director from SAC Memphis re: CB transmission on Apr. 4, 1968, FBI headquarters MURKIN file 44-38861-4095.
  21. See, e.g., staff summary of interviews of Lt. J.D. Hamby, Dec. 6, 1977 (MLK document 140256); Dec. 7, 1977 (MLK document 160260); and Dec. 8, 1977 (MLK document 160261).
  22. Interview of James Raines, Aug. 29, 1977, House Select Committee on Assassinations (MLK document 120095).
  23. Staff summaries of interviews of Carroll S. Carroll on July 27, 1977, House Select Committee on Assassinations (MLK document 120094), Dec. 6, 1977 (MLK document 160253); Dec, 7, 1977 (MLK document 160259); and Dec. 8, 1977 (MLK document 160265). See also working paper, re: Citizen's Band radio broadcast-- review of ledgers received from Carroll S. Carroll, May 15, 1978, House Select Committee on Assassinations (MLK document 290028), staff summary of interviews of Capt. J.P. Marby, Dec. 7, 1977 (MLK document 160250); and interview of J.D. Hamby, Dec. 8, 1977, House Select Committee on Assassinations (MLK document 160261).
  24. Staff summary of interview of Neal Talley Jr., Dec. 1, 1977, House Select Committee on Assassinations (MLK document 160143); staff summary of interview of Jon C. Hellen, Dec. 1, 1977, House Select Committee on Assassinations (MLK document 170046); staff summary of interview of James A. Wallace, Jr., Dec. 7, 1977, House Select Committee on Assassinations (MLK document 160249); staff summary of interview of Michael J. Cimbalo, Dec. 5, 1977, House Select Committee on Assassinations (MLK document 160201), staff summary of interview of Timothy R. Higgins, Dec. 5, 1977, House Select Committee on Assassinations (MLK document 290030); staff summary of interview of Brother Adrian Powers and Brother Stephen 0. Malley, Nov. 11, 1977, House Select Committee on Assassinations (MLK document 160142).
  25. Affidavit of Douglas P. Cross, July 8, 1976 (MLK document 290095); affidavit of James Stanton, July 9, 1976 (MLK document 290026); staff summary of interview of Douglas P. Cross, Dec. 4, 1977, House Select Committee on Assassinations (MLK document 160316); staff summary of interview of James Stanton, Nov. 29, 1977, House Select Committee on Assassinations (MLK document 170044).

Page 660

  1. FCC report, May 17, 1978 (MLK document 210454); see also outside contact report of Frank Rose, Apr. 12, 1978, House Select Committee on Assassinations (MLK document 210285).
  2. Designated counsel statement of Edward L. Montedonico, Jr., p. 33 (MLK document 290023).
  3. Staff summary of interviews of Robert E. Ferguson, Nov. 16, 1977, House Select Committee on Assassinations (MLK document 160140) and Jan. 10, 1978, House Select Committee on Assassinations (MLK document 290029); see also staff summary of interview of Michael Welting, House Select Committee on Assassinations (MLK document 170336).
  4. Staff summary of interview of Carroll S. Carroll, July 27, 1977, House Select Committee on Assassinations (MLK document 120095); Dec 6, 1977 (MLK document 160253); Dec. 7, 1977 (MLK document 160259), and Dec. 8, 1977 (MLK document 160265); staff summary of interview of James E. Bethune, Dec. 2, 1977, House Select Committee on Assassinations (MLK document l60167); staff summary of interviews of William H. Austin, Nov. 15, 1977, House Select Committee on Assassinations (MLK document 160046) and (MLK document 170313); staff summary of interviews of Robert H. McCarty, Nov. 15, 1977, House Select Committee on Assassinations (MLK document 160209), and Jan. 19, 1978 (MLK document 170243); interview of Lt. Rufus Wesley Bradshaw, Nov. 8, 1977, House Select Committee on Assassinations (MLK document 170012); interview of Capt. James W. Strauser, Nov. 16, l977, House Select Committee on Assassinations (MLK document 160041); interview of James Roberts, Dec. 1, 1977, House Select Committee on Assassinations (MLK document 160125); interview of Rhea W. Ferguson, Nov. 29, 1977, House Select Committee on Assassinations (MLK document 160120); staff summary of interview of Cranmer Boyce, Nov. 29, 1977 (MLK document 160123); staff summary of interview of Elmer L. Browning, Nov. 30, 1977, House Select Committee on Assassinations (MLK document 160121); staff summary of interview of L.H. Daniel, Nov. 29, 1977, House Select Committee on Assassinations (MLK document 160122); staff summary of interview of Vaugan Dow, Nov. 30, 1977, House Select Committee on Assassinations (MLK document 160124). See also analytical chart (MLK document 290031).
  5. Outside contact report with Angelo Ditty, May 2, 1978, House Select Committee on Assassinations (MLK document 210038).
  6. FCC report, May 17, 1978 (MLK document 210454).
  7. FBI memorandum, Apr. 20, 1968, FBI headquarters MURKIN file 44-38861-1816.
  8. Ibid.
  9. Ibid.
  10. Ibid.
  11. Notes of author William Sartor (MLK document 010072).
  12. See generally FBI letterhead memorandum, Nov. 21, 1968 (MLK document 040082) with attachments: FBI Memphis office interview of Frank Liberto, Apr. 19, 1968; FBI New Orleans office interview of Anthony Liberto, Apr. 22 1968; FBI New Orleans office interview of Mrs. Emma Liberto, Apr. 22, 1968; FBI New Orleans office interview of Vincent Liberto, Apr. 22, 1968. FBI New Orleans office interview of Salvatore Liberto, Apr. 23, 1968; and FBI Memphis office interview of James William Latch, Apr. 19, 1968.
  13. Affidavit of Frank Liberto, June 28, 1978 (MLK document 280063).
  14. See, e.g., staff summary of interview of Vincent Liberto, June 7, 1977, House Select Committee on Assassinations (MLK document 130081), staff summary of interview of Salvatore Liberto, June 7, 1977, House Select Committee on Assassinations (MLK document 130088); staff summary of interview of Ida Mae Verbeek, June 7, 1977, House Select Committee on Assassinations (MLK document 130080).
  15. Staff summary of interview of Ernest Tyler, Apr. 10, 1978, House Select Committee on Assassinations (MLK document 200404); staff summary of interview of Linda Cooper, Apr. 6, 1978, House Select Committee on Assassinations (MLK document 260145); staff summary of interview of Dorothy Conaley, Apr. 5, 1978, House Select Committee on Assassinations (MLK document 260143); staff summary of interview of Mrs. John Walker. Apr. 5, 1978, House Select Committee on Assassinations (MLK document 260142).
  16. Staff summary of interview of James William Latch, Feb. 10, 1978, House Select Committee on Assassinations (MLK document 180396), staff summary of interview of Amelia Louis Guasco, Apr. 5, 1978, House Select Committee

Page 661

  1. on Assassinations (MLK document 200426); staff summary of interview of Buddy Mims, May 22, 1978, House Select Committee on Assassinations (MLK document 210545); staff summary of interview of Mary Frances Stampley, Apr. 8, 1978, House Select Committee on Assassinations (MLK document 260144).
  2. Affidavit of Frank Liberto, June 28, l978 (MLK document 280063).
  3. Staff memorandum to Lehner from Akers and Johnson, Sept. 13, 1977, re: contacts with New Orleans Police Department, House Select Committee on Assassinations, pp. 6-7 (MLK document 290039)
  4. Staff summary of interview of Inspector N.E. Zachary (retired), June 1, 1977, House Select Committee on Assassinations (MLK document 130086).
  5. FBI Memphis Office interviews of John McFerren, Apr. 8, 1968, and Apr. 18, 1968 (MLK document 090082).
  6. Staff summaries of interviews of John McFerren, Mar. 12, l977, House Select Committee on Assassinations (MLK document 260200); May 10, 1977 (MLK document 090150); and Feb. 9, 1978 (MLK document 190043); see also affidavit of John McFerren, June 22, 1978, House Select Committee on Assassinations (MLK document 220549).
  7. FBI memorandum, Apr. 20, 1968, Director to Attorney General, FBI headquarters MURKIN file, serial 44-38861-1816; see also staff summary of interview of John McFerren, Mar. 12, 1977, House Select Committee on Assassinations (MLK document 260200).
  8. Interview of John McFerren, Mar. 12, 1977, House Select Committee on Assassinations (MLK document 260200).
  9. Ibid.
  10. FBI Memphis Office interview of John McFerren, Apr. 18, 1968 (MLK document 090082).
  11. Notes of author William Sartor (MLK document 110334).
  12. Ibid.
  13. Report of autopsy performed on William Sartor by Hillcrest Baptist Hospital, Waco, Tex. (MLK document 110001).
  14. Manuscript of William Sartor (MLK document 110334).
  15. Ibid.
  16. Ibid.
  17. Ibid.
  18. Staff summary of interview of Sam DiPiazza, May 11, 1978, House Select Committee on Assassinations (MLK document 210503).
  19. Interview of Dr. Lucas DiLeo, Feb. 22, 1978, House Select Committee on Assassinations (MLK document 260205).
  20. Outside contact report with Mr. Acosta, Oct. 23, 1978, House Select Committee on Assassinations (MLK document 260261).
  21. Interview of Charles Stein, Jan. 23, 1968, House Select Committee on Assassinations, p. 17 (MLK document 190402).
  22. Immunized executive session testimony of Carlos Marcello, Jan. 11, 1978, House Select Committee on Assassinations, pp. 27-28.
  23. Deposition of Carlton Pecot, Feb. 15, 1978; House Select Committee on Assassinations (MLK document 190263).
  24. Id. at 16.
  25. FBI memorandum, Nov. 21, 1968, FBI Memphis MURKIN file 44-1987.
  26. FBI teletype, Los Angeles field office to Memphis and New Orleans field offices, Feb. 5, 1969, FBI headquarters Murkin file serial 44-38861-5540.
  27. FBI teletype, New Orleans field office to Director, FBI, Memphis and Los Angeles field offices, Feb. 6, 1969, FBI headquarters MURKIN file, serial 44-38861-5539.
  28. FBI teletype, Los Angeles field office to Memphis and New Orleans field offices, Feb. 13, 1969, FBI headquarters MURKIN file, serial 44-38861-5540.
  29. FBI teletype, New Orleans field office to Director, FBI, Memphis and Los Angeles field offices, Feb. 6, 1969, FBI headquarters MURKIN file, serial 44-38861-5539.
  30. Ibid.
  31. FBI LHM, Los Angeles field office to Director, FBI, Memphis and New Orleans field offices, Feb. 13, 1969, FBI headquarters Murkin file, serial 44­38861-5558.
  32. Civil rights violation-- Raoul v. Esquivel, Oct. 8, 1969, FBI file 44-2401.

Page 662

  1. Louisiana Department of Public Safety, division of State police, attendance and leave records (MLK document 160029); see also deposition of Raoul Esquivel, Jan. 26, 1978, House Select Committee on Assassinations, pp. 7-8 (MLK document 190265).
  2. Interview of James Earl Ray, Nov. 14, 1977, XI appendix to HSCA-JFK Hearings, 159; see also William Bradford Huie, "He Slew the Dreamer" (New York: Delacorte Press, 1970, 1st ed.), p. 37; supplemental deposition of James Earl Ray, Ray v. Foreman, Nov. 22, 1969, pp. 13-14 (MLK document 030316); interview of James Earl Ray, Apr. 14, 1977, IX appendix to the HSCA-MLK hearings, pp. 68, 69, 143.
  3. Notes of George M. Millan, May 30, 1972, interview with Jerry Ray, pp. 3-4 (MLK document 070096).
  4. Id., June 27, 1972, interview with Jerry Ray, at 10.
  5. Ibid.
  6. Id., July 12, 1975, interview with Jerry Ray, at 2.
  7. Id. at 3.
  8. Ibid.
  9. Ibid.
  10. Outside contact report with George McMillan, Dec. 8, 1977, House Select Committee on Assassinations, p. 1 (MLK Document 160168).
  11. Ibid.; see also interview of George McMillan, Mar. 5, 1978, House Select Committee on Assassinations, p. 4 (MLK Document 190554).
  12. Kent Courtney advised that on or about Mar. 20, 1969, he met with Jerry Ray in New Orleans' Lafayette Park. Interview of Kent Courtney, Dec. 12, 1977, House Select Committee on Assassinations, p. 3 (MLK Document 170282). Staff investigators also uncovered a registration card for Jerry Ryan at the Tamanaca Motel in New Orleans for Jan. 20, 1975. Jerry Ray has admittedly used the alias "Jerry Ryan" on numerous occasions. The signature on the registration card is strikingly similar to that of Jerry Ray. See also interview of Lillie Kalon, Dec. 12, 1977, House Select Committee on Assassinations, p. 1 (MLK Document 190111).
  13. Outside contact report with Dave Millesink, Jan. 23, 1978, House Select Committee on Assassinations (MLK Document 170221).
  14. Letter from the FBI to the House Select Committee on Assassinations, Feb. 2, 1978 (MLK Document 180262).
  15. Deposition of Reynard Rochon, Jan. 26, 1978, House Select Committee on Assassinations, p. 17 (MLK Document 190264).
  16. Id. at 6.
  17. Id. at 16.
  18. It was not until Ray's interview with CBS reporter Dan Rather that he first claimed that when he departed from Birmingham he was unaware that this next meeting place with Raoul was to be in Nuevo Laredo, Mexico. Dan Rather interview of James Earl Ray for the CBS program, "Who's Who," Mar. 3, 1977, p. 16 (MLK Document 070077).
  19. Ibid.
  20. Ibid.
  21. Interview of James Earl Ray, Apr. 14, 1977, IX appendix to the HSCA­MLK hearings, pp. 135-138.
  22. Ibid.
  23. Ibid., p. 157; see also interview of James Earl Ray, Sept. 29, 1977, XI appendix to the HSCA-MLK hearings, p. 193.
  24. Interview with James Earl Ray, Apr. 14, 1977, IX appendix to the HSCA-MLK hearings, p. 136; also interview of James Earl Ray, Sept. 29, 1977, XI appendix to the HSCA-MLK hearings, pp. 194-196.
  25. Ibid.
  26. Ibid.
  27. Interview of James Earl Ray, Sept. 29, 1977, XI appendix to the HSCA­MLK hearings, pp. 196-198; also Ray interview. Apr. 14, 1977, IX appendix to the HSCA-MLK hearings, p. 137.
  28. Deposition of Herman A. Thompson, Dec. 9, 1977, House Select Committee on Assassinations, pp. 6, 12 (MLK Document 170001).
  29. Id. at 8.
  30. Id. at 5, 7, 8.
  31. Id. at 16.

Page 663

  1. Id. at 8, 9.
  2. Id. at 19.
  3. FBI airtel from Buffalo to Director, June 14, 1968, FBI headquarters MURKIN file 44-38861-4511.
  4. Ibid.; FBI memorandum from Rosen to DeLoach, June 14, 1968, FBI headquarters MURKIN file 44-38861-4544.
  5. FBI airtel from New Orleans to Director, no date, FBI headquarters MURKIN file 44-38861-4542.
  6. Ibid.
  7. See staff summaries of interviews of André Salwyn, Feb. 6, 1978 (MLK Document 180162), Mar. 14, 1978 (MLK Document 190482), Mar. 15, 1978 (MLK Document 190481) and Mar. 30, 1978 (MLK Document 200027), House Select Committee on Assassinations.
  8. See staff summaries of interviews of Earl MacRae, Mar. 14, 1978 (MLK Document 190435) and Mar. 16, 1978 (MLK Document 190436), House Select Committee on Assassinations.
  9. RCMP reports supplied by Shelby County district attorney's office, Aug. 31, 1978, pp. 2305-2310 (MLK Document 310108).
  10. Staff memorandum from Wendy S. Collins to Michael C. Eberhardt, Mar. 22, 1978, House Select Committee on Assassinations (MLK Document 310115).
  11. Staff summary of interview of Earl MacRae, Mar. 14, 1978, House Select Committee on Assassinations, p. 3 (MLK Document 190435).
  12. RCMP reports supplied by Shelby County district attorney's office pp. 2305-2310 (MLK Document 310108).
  13. Outside contact report with André Salwyn, Feb. 6, 1978, House Select Committee on Assassinations, p. 2 (MLK Document 310116).
  14. RCMP reports supplied by Shelby County district attorney's office pp. 2305-2310 (MLK Document 310108).
  15. Both Joseph Oster and Angelina Lorio, Kimble's former wife, told committee staff that Kimble used counterfeit medical degrees and other fake documents in order to work at a hospital, avoid the draft and secure controlled drugs. Staff summary of interview of Joseph Oster, Apr. 26 1978, House Select Committee on Assassinations (MLK Document 250282), staff summary of interview of Angelina Lorio, Apr. 30, 1978, House Select Committee on Assassinations, pp. 1-2 (MLK Document 210158). Kimble was arrested on July 26, 1967 for false impersonation of a State policeman, aggravated assault and illegal possession of weapons (see files for Joseph Oster, MLK Document 210233). See also New Orleans FBI field office report, Jan. 12, 1966, Document 157-4403-L; statement of Jules Rico Kimble to New Orleans district attorney, Oct. 10, 1967 (MLK Document 250260).
  16. Staff summary of interview of Joseph Oster, Apr. 26, 1978, House Select Committee on Assassinations (MLK Document 250282); see also files of Joseph Oster (MLK Document 210233).
  17. Staff summary of interview of Angelina Lorio, Apr. 30, 1978, House Select Committee on Assassinations (MLK Document 210158).
  18. Staff summary of interview of Jules Rico Kimble, May 3, 1978, House Select Committee on Assassinations, p. 2 (MLK Document 210393).
  19. Ibid.
  20. Interview with James Earl Ray by the CBC, 1977, pp. 47-49 (MLK Document 130001).
  21. Rosenson was prosecuted in Federal Court for violation of 18 U.S.C 1407-- traveling outside the United States without registering as a convicted felon, U.S. v. Randolph Erwin Rosenson, Crim. Doc. 38256, filed Jan. 14, 1968, division 6, U.S. District Court, E.D. of Louisiana (MLK Document 14O057).
  22. Executive session testimony of Randy Rosenson, Nov. 29, 1977, House Select Committee on Assassinations, p 26.
  23. Id. at l8-20, 113-115.
  24. Id. at 71, 155 159.
  25. Bank records, Birmingham Trust National Bank (MLK Document 150147).
  26. Executive session testimony of Randy Rosenson, Nov. 29, 1977, House Select Committee on Assassinations, pp. 79-80.
  27. Charles Stein FBI identification sheet (MLK Document 170236); Rosenson FBI identification sheet (MLK Executive Session Exhibit 14).

Page 664

  1. Outside contact report with George Pittman, Jan. 25, 1978, House Select Committee on Assassinations, p. 2 (MLK Document 170315); see also staff interview of Charles Stein, Mar. 22, 1978, House Select Committee on Assassinations, pp. 1-3 (MLK Document 190402).
  2. Executive session testimony of Randy Rosenson, Apr. 29, 1977 House Select Committee on Assassinations, pp. 29, 31, 42 43, 106, l12, 1l6 l17 120, 125 126.
  3. Staff summary of interview of David Rosen, Oct. 22, 1977, House Select Committee on Assassinations (MLK Document 140270); staff summary of interview of Peggy Rosenson, Oct. 13, 1977, House Select Committee on Assassinations (MLK Document 140266); staff summary of interview of Bill Warner, Oct. 18, 1977, House Select Committee on Assassinations (MLK Document 140280); outside contact report with George Pittman, Jan. 25, 1978, House Select Committee on Assassinations (MLK Document 170315); and outside contact report with John Phillips, Feb. 2, 1978, House Select Committee on Assassinations (MLK Document 180049).
  4. Staff summary of interview of Edna Mathews Lancaster, Sept. 27, 1977, House Select Committee on Assassinations (MLK Document 210560) (hereinafter Lancaster interview, Sept. 27, 1977).
  5. Staff memorandum from Chief Investigator Edward M. Evans to file. Aug. 12, 1977, re Edna Lancaster, pp. 1, 3 (MLK Document 290022).
  6. Id. at 3.
  7. FBI memorandum, May 16, 1968, to SAC Atlanta from SA Joseph G. Shea, FBI headquarters MURKIN file 44-38861-2386.
  8. Ibid.
  9. Staff summary of interview of Charlie Harrison Lancaster, Sept. 28. 1977, House Select Committee on Assassinations (MLK Document 190164).
  10. Summary of staff interview of Malcolm Pittman, Sept. 20, 1977, House Select Committee on Assassinations (MLK Document 190165); staff summary of interview of J. W. McCrickard, Sept. 20, 1977, House Select Committee on Assassinations (MLK Document 190165).
  11. Staff memorandum from Chief Investigator to file, Aug. 12, 1977, House Select Committee on Assassinations (MLK document 290022).
  12. Interview of Victor Lancaster, Sept. 29, 1977, House Select Committee on Assassinations (MLK Document 190163).
  13. Executive session testimony of Leon Powell, Feb. 9, 1978, House Select Committee on Assassinations.
  14. Id. at 11, 12.
  15. Id. at 14.
  16. Id. at 14, 15.
  17. Id. at 15.
  18. Id. at 6.
  19. Id. at 17.
  20. FBI report, MURKIN file, sec. 86. Serial 44-38861-6069.
  21. Ibid.
  22. Ibid.
  23. FBI memorandum to Gallagher from Peelman, Apr. 2, 1976, FBI headquarters MURKIN file, 44-38861-6115.
  24. Interview, FBI Agent Thomas J. Wilson, Feb. 24, 1978, House Select Committee on Assassinations (MLK Document 190012).
  25. Staff summary of interview of Libby Smith, Apr. 17, 1978, House Select Committee on Assassinations (MLK Document 200346), staff summary of interview of Woodie P. Mobley, Mar 31, 1978, House Select Committee on Assassinations (MLK Document 200336); staff summary of interview, Diane Brand, Apr. 14, 1978, House Select Committee on Assassinations (MLK Document 200425); staff summary of interview of Clarence Wesley Pitts, Apr. 12, 1978, House Select Committee on Assassinations (MLK Document 200425); staff summary of interview of William L. Smith, Apr. 17, 1978, House Select Committee on Assassinations (MLK Document 200332).
  26. FBI identification sheet, Leon Powell (MLK Document 210494); FBI identification sheet, Claude Powell (MLK document 210495); obtained from Atlanta Police Department, Jan. 26, 1978.
  27. Executive session testimony of Annie Lois Campos, Feb. 6, 1978, House Select Committee on Assassinations, pp. 6-9; see also staff summary of interview, Annie Lois Campos, Jan. 20, 1978, House Select Committee on Assassinations (MLK Document 180008).

Page 665

  1. Executive session testimony of Arnold Ray Godfrey, Feb, 6, 1978, House Select Committee on Assassinations, pp. 27-28.
  2. Contempt citation resolution for Claude Powell, Jr. (MLK Document 200480). On Oct. 11, 1978, Claude Powell, Jr., was arraigned and pled guilty to charges of contempt of Congress. On Nov. 21, 1978, Claude Powell, Jr., appeared in Atlanta for sentencing, at which time his case was continued until an undetermined date in December 1978; no final disposition had been made as of that date.
  3. Written statement of Robert Byron Watson, received May 5, 1977 from Atlanta Police Department, p. 2 (MLK Document 090005).
  4. Ibid.
  5. Ibid.
  6. Ibid.
  7. Ibid.
  8. Id. at 3.
  9. Ibid.
  10. Report, Atlanta Police Department, re: Robert Byron Watson, received May 5, 1977, p. 4 of introduction (MLK Document 090006).
  11. Id. at 19.
  12. Id. at 20.
  13. See FBI memorandum, Memphis Field Office, MURKIN file No. 44­1987-777.
  14. Ibid.
  15. See, e.g., taped session of interview and polygraph examination of Robert Byron Watson on July 21, 1971 (MLK Document 150190).
  16. Interview of Robert Byron Watson, Nov. 21, 1977, House Select Committee on Assassinations (MLK Document 150189).
  17. Thomas Bevier, "King Disappointed in March--He'll Try Again Next Week," Memphis Commercial Appeal, Mar. 30, 1968, p. A-1.
  18. Interview of Morris Davis, April 1977, House Select Committee on Assassinations, pp. 2-3 (MLK Document 290052) (hereinafter Davis interview, April 1977); see also interview of David Lifton re: information on Morris Davis provided to Lifton by William Bradford Huie, Mar. 9, 1977, House Select Committee on Assassinations, pp. 1-2 (MLK Document 070035).
  19. Davis interview, April 1977, p. 1.
  20. Newspaper articles received from the Birmingham Police Department, Mar 17, 1977 (MLK Document 070043).
  21. Davis interview, April 1977, p. 6.
  22. Id. at 2.
  23. Id. at 6.
  24. Id. at l-2.
  25. Id.at 2.
  26. Ibid.
  27. Id. at 3-4
  28. Id. at 4.
  29. Id. at 5.
  30. Id. at 6.
  31. Id. at 10.
  32. Executive session testimony of Rev. Ralph D. Abernathy, May 23, 1978, House Select Committee on Assassinations, pp. 118-120.
  33. Staff summary of interview of Fred Shuttlesworth, Mar. 11, 1978, House Select Committee on Assassinations, p. 2 (MLK Document 200026).
  34. Affidavit of Frank Liberto, June 28, 1978, House Select Committee on Assassinations, p. 2 (MLK Document 280063).
  35. Interview of Donald Wood, Mar. 10, 1977, House Select Committee on Assassinations, pp.1-2 (MLK Document 070038).
  36. Staff memorandum to Robert Lehner from Evans and Gannon re: Gus Prosch/Donald Wood, Mar 15, 1977, House Select Committee on Assassinations, p. 2 (MLK Document 070159).
  37. Firearms transactions, records and office invoices from Aeromarine Supply Co, A-l, for Dr. Gus Prosch from Jan. 20, 1968 through June 9, 1970 (MLK Document 260141).
  38. Staff notes of interview with Gus Joseph Prosch, Aug. 31, 1978, House Select Committee on Assassinations (MLK Document 290049).
  39. Staff notes of interview with Morris Davis, July 21, 1978, House Select Committee on Assassinations (MLK Document 290048); staff memorandum to

Page 666

    Robert Lehner and Edward Evans from Hack and Walker, re: Trip to Birmingham concerning Morris Davis, Oct. 18, 1977, House Select Committee on Assassinations, pp. 2-3 (MLK Document 140121).
  1. Staff notes of interview with Morris Davis, July 27, 1978, House Select Committee on Assassinations, pp. 40-41 (MLK Document 290048).
  2. Staff summary of interview of Walter Maddox, Dec. 6, 1977, House Select Committee on Assassinations (MLK Document 160206).
  3. Ibid.
  4. Ibid.
  5. Outside contact reports with executive offices of Travelodge, Inc., Dec. 5, 1977, Dec. 6, 1977, House Select Committee on Assassinations (MLK Documents 160092, 160094); correspondence from Travelodge to Congressman Stokes re: report on hotel charges, Dec. 22, 1977 (MLK Document 170009).
  6. Staff summary of interview of Billy Fisher, Jan. 23, 1978, House Select Committee on Assassinations, p. 1 (MLK Document 180334).
  7. Ibid.
  8. Outside contact report with Leroy Roell, Feb. 23, 1978, House Select Committee on Assassinations, p. 1 (MLK Document 220377).
  9. Ibid.
  10. Staff summary of interview of Billy E. Fisher, Jan. 23, 1978, House Select Committee on Assassinations, p. 1 (MLK Document 180334); outside contact report with Leroy Roell, Feb. 23, 1978, House Select Committee on Assassinations, p. 1 (MLK Document 220377).
  11. Executive session testimony of Clifton Baird, Nov. 30, 1977, House Select Committee on Assassinations, pp. 41-42.
  12. Id. at 42-43.
  13. Id. at 42.
  14. Id. at 23-30.
  15. Id. at 46-49; Baird explained to the staff that he had begun taping conversations between himself and other members of the police department as he believed some officers suspected him of the attempted bombing of Officer Brent Hardin's automobile in December 1964. He stated that he recorded Blair's initial offer on Sept. 18, 1965, but later lost the recording.
  16. Executive session testimony of Arlie Blair, Dec. 1, 1977, House Select Committee on Assassinations, pp. 15, 16, 39.
  17. Id. at 5, 20, 28, 29, 30.
  18. Executive session testimony of Clifton Baird, Nov. 30, 1977, House Select Committee on Assassinations, pp. 24-25.
  19. Executive session testimony of James Bibb, Dec. 1, 1977, House Select Committee on Assassinations, pp. 160, 164-165; executive session testimony of Priest Fry, Dec. 1, 1977, House Select Committee on Assassinations, pp. 182-184; executive session testimony of Robert Gregory, Dec. 1, 1977, House Select Committee, p. 197; executive session testimony of Brent Hardin, Dec. 1, 1977, House Select Committee on Assassinations, pp. 106-112, 125, 126; designated counsel statement of Herman Mitchell, Dec. 22, 1977, House Select Committee on Assassinations, pp. 8-10 (MLK Document 190259).
  20. Executive session testimony of William Duncan, Nov. 30, 1977, House Select Committee on Assassinations, pp. 91-108.
  21. Id. at 94
  22. Id. at 94-108.
  23. Id. at 97, 98, 100-104.
  24. Id. at 111-112.
  25. Id. at 112.
  26. Id. at 109, 110, 111.
  27. Id. at 105-108.
  28. Id. at 94-108.
  29. Interview of William Duncan, Nov. 2l, 1977, House Select Committee on Assassinations, pp. 1-4 (MLK Document 160081).
  30. Executive session testimony of William Duncan, Nov. 30, 1977, House Select Committee on Assassinations, p. 104.
  31. Interview of William Duncan, Nov. 27, 1977, House Select Committee on Assassinations, p. 3 (MLK Document 160081).
  32. Executive session testimony of Robert Peters, Dec. 1, 1977, House Select Committee on Assassinations, pp. 149-154; designated counsel statement of War-

Page 667

    ren L. Walsh, Dec. 22, 1977, House Select Committee on Assassinations, pp. 31-32 (MLK Document 190257); interview of SCA Bernard C. Brown, Nov. 22, 1977, House Select Committee on Assassinations, pp. 1, 2 (MLK Document 160089).
  1. Executive session testimony of Robert Peters, Dec. 1, 1977, House Select Committee on Assassinations, p. 137.
  2. Designated counsel statement of Vernon Austin, Dec. 22, 1977, House Select Committee on Assassinations, pp. 8-9, 14-19 (MLK Document 190258).
  3. Medical records of Clifton Baird, Apr. 25, 1977, six pages (MLK Document 290342); police and medical records of Clifton Baird, Apr. 17, 1977 (MLK Document 240351).
  4. FBI memorandum from W. D. Campbell to Mr. Cochran, June 7, 1977, FBI headquarters MURKIN file 44-38861-6235.
  5. Louisville, Ky., Police Department duty records, Sept. 18, 19, and 20, 1965, for police officers Austin, Baird, Bibb, Blair, Fry, Gregory and Hardin, 33 pages (MLK Document 210239, exhibits C-J).
  6. Executive session testimony of Priest Fry, Dec. 1, 1977, House Select Committee on Assassinations, pp. 187-188; executive session testimony of Robert Gregory, Dec. 1, 1977, House Select Committee on Assassinations, pp. 199-200.
  7. Staff summary of interview of Charles Lee Bell, Oct. 11, 1977, House Select Committee on Assassinations, p. 2 (MLK Document 140082) (hereinafter Bell interview); interview of Charles Lee Bell, Oct. 17, 1977, House Select Committee on Assassinations (MLK Document 140140)(hereinafter Bell taped interview); statement of Charles Lee Bell to House Select Committee on Assassinations, received Oct. 11, 1977, pp. 19-20 (MLK Document 210221) (hereinafter Bell statement).
  8. Bell taped interview.
  9. Bell statement, pp. 2, 9, 18-20.
  10. Bell taped interview.
  11. Ibid; see also Bell interview, p. 2.
  12. Bell interview, p. 3; Bell statement, pp. 4-23.
  13. Bell interview, p. 3.
  14. Id. at 1-2.
  15. Bell statement, pp. 1-2.
  16. Bell interview; Bell taped interview.
  17. Bell statement.
  18. Interview of A. Wilson Edwards, Dec. 29, 1977, House Select Committee on Assassinations, pp. 1-2 (MLK Document 170077).
  19. Id. at 1-2.
  20. Outside contact report (with Thomas Kitchens), Oct. 30, 1978, House Select Committee on Assassinations (MLK Document 270020).
  21. Ibid.
  22. Outside contact report (with Ella Greathouse, Glen Greathouse and Leroy Greathouse), Oct. 4, 1978, House Select Committee on Assassinations (MLK Document 260032).
  23. Staff summary of interview of Delano E. Walker, Nov. 11, 1977, House Select Committee on Assassinations, p. 1 (MLK Document 170335).
  24. Ibid.
  25. Ibid.
  26. Id. at 3.
  27. Ibid.
  28. Ibid.
  29. Letter from Dr. C. W. Chastain to Warren Hinckle, Ramparts magazine, San Francisco, Calif., June 12, 1968 (MLK Document 290016).
  30. Outside contact report with Dr. C. W. Chastain, Oct. 26, 1977, House Select Committee on Assassinations (MLK Document 290015).
  31. Ibid.
  32. Ibid.
  33. Interview of Delano E. Walker, Nov. 11, 1977, House Select Committee on Assassinations, pp. 1-4 (MLK Document 170335).
  34. Interview of Ruth Ann Walker, Nov. 11, 1977, House Select Committee on Assassinations, pp. 1-3 (MLK Document 180188).
  35. Interview of Delano E. Walker, Nov. 11, 1977, House Select Committee on Assassinations, p. 2 (MLK Document 170335).
  36. Interview of Ruth Ann Walker, Nov. 11, 1977, House Select Committee on Assassinations, p. 3 (MLK Document 180188).
  37. Id. at 1-2.

Page 668

  1. Id. at 2; see also interview of Delano E. Walker, Nov. 11, 1977, House Select Committee on Assassinations, p. 2 (MLK document 170335).
  2. Interview of Ruth Ann Walker, Nov. 11, 1977, House Select Committee on Assassinations, p. 3 (MLK Document 180188).
  3. Somersett died of a heart attack on May 7, 1970. Certificate of death, North Carolina Board of Health, Office of Vital Statistics (MLK document 110292).
  4. FBI headquarters, Somersett file, vol. 3, FBI memorandum, Miami SAC to Director, Jan. 5, 1962; vol. 3, FBI memorandum, Director to Miami SAC, May 14, 1963; vol. 3, FBI memorandum, Director to Field, Jan. 23, 1964, vol. 1, FBI memorandum, Oct. 22, 1969; vol 3, FBI airtel, Miami SAC to Director, Oct. 29, 1969; vol. 1, FBI memorandum, SAC Miami to Director, Jan. 8, 1964; see also interview of Judge Seymour Gelber, Mar. 22, 1978, House Select Committee on Assassinations (MLK Document 200085).
  5. Dan Christensen, "King Assassination: FBI Ignored Its Miami Informer," Miami Magazine, October l976, p. 31 (MLK Document 030179).
  6. Id. at 31.
  7. Ibid.; see also FBI documents, supra, ref. 2.
  8. FBI headquarters, Somersett file, vol. 3, FBI memorandum, Rosen to Belmont, Nov. 13, 1961, (recommending discontinuation of Somersett as a racial informant); vol. 3, FBI airtel, SAC Miami to Director, Jan. 5, 1962 (noting that Somersett was no longer a paid informant).
  9. Memorandum report, U.S. Secret Service, Treasury Department, Dec. 5, 1969, file No. CO-2-43,860; memorandum report, U.S. Secret Service, Treasury Department, Mar. 9, 1968, file No. CO-2-43,860.
  10. Memorandum report, U.S. Secret Service, Treasury Department, Dec. 5, 1969, file No. CO-2-43,860.
  11. Deposition of Charles Sapp, Apr. 25, 1978, House Select Committee on Assassinations, pp. 46-47 (MLK Document 210230).
  12. Intra-office memorandum, Miami Police Department, from Lt. Charles H. Sapp to Col. Walter E. Headley, Apr. 25. l968 (MLK Document 030180).
  13. Deposition of Charles Sapp, Apr. 25, 1978, House Select Committee on Assassinations, pp. 53-55 (MLK Document 210230); see also Dan Christensen, "King Assassination: FBI Ignored Its Miami Informer," Miami magazine, October 1976, p. 31 (MLK Document 030179).
  14. Intra-office memorandum, Miami Police Department, from Lt. Charles H. Sapp to Col. Walter E. Headley, Apr. 7, 1968 (MLK Document 290006).
  15. Ibid.
  16. Ibid.
  17. Interview of Charles Sapp, July 27, 1978, House Select Committee on Assassinations, p. 2 (MLK Document 240021).
  18. Deposition of Everett Kay, Apr. 26, 1978, House Select Committee on Assassinations, pp. 54-60 (MLK Document 210227); deposition of Haywood Swilley, Apr. 26, 1978, House Select Committee on Assassinations, pp. 33-38 (MLK Document 210228); interview of Lockheart Gracey, Mar. 24, 1978, House Select Committee on Assassinations, p. 2 (MLK Document 200084).
  19. See statements of Kay, Swilley, Gracey, supra. ref. 380.
  20. Outside contact report with Paul Long, Feb. 17, 1977, House Select Committee on Assassinations, (MLK Document 110490); outside contact report with Stan Weinbrecht, Mar. 8, 1978, House Select Committee on Assassinations (MLK Document 190206); letter from Stan Weinbrecht to House Select Committee on Assassinations, Apr. 5, 1978 (MLK Document 200063); outside contact report with James E. Smith, May 5, 1978, House Select Committee on Assassinations (MLK Document 210135); outside contact report (with the Library of Congress), Mar. 9, 1978, House Select Committee on Assassinations (MLK Document 190204).
  21. Interview of Otis Humphrey Moore, Mar. 7, 1977, House Select Committee on Assassinations, pp. 7-8 (MLK Document 070031) (hereinafter Moore interview).
  22. Id. at 10
  23. Id. at 8-9.
  24. Id. at 11, 14.
  25. Id. at 11.
  26. Id. at 11.
  27. Ibid.

Page 669

  1. Letter from Otis Moore to House Select Committee on Assassinations, with attachments, Feb. 3, 1977 (MLK Document 060004).
  2. Moore interview, pp. 2, 4, 12, 17.
  3. Letters from Wilson F. Colberg and Senator Edward F. Kennedy, dated Mar. 3, 1978 and Nov. 30, 1977, respectively, to House Select Committee on Assassinations (MLK Document 190106).
  4. Ibid.; see also letter from Otis Moore to the House Select Committee on Assassinations, Feb. 3, 1977 (MLK Document 060004).
  5. Letter from Otis Moore to the House Select Committee on Assassinations, Feb. 3, 1977 (MLK Document 060004).
  6. FBI report, Jan. 28, l977, MURKIN file, Bureau No. 44-38861-6l78. It should be noted also that this report refers to a statement by Moore's wife that he was and had been under medical care for a nervous disorder.
  7. Summary of interview of Myron Billett, Dec. 21, 1977, House Select Committee on Assassinations, p. 1 (MLK Document 180065).
  8. Id. at 2.
  9. Ibid.
  10. Ibid.
  11. Id. at 3. See also letter from Myron Billett to House Select Committee on Assassinations, Apr. 9, 1978 (MLK Document 2l0254).
  12. Ibid., Myron Billett letter.
  13. Interview of Myron Billett, Dec. 2, l977, House Select Committee on Assassinations, pp. 1-2 (MLK Document 180065). See also request of the House Select Committee on Assassinations to the FBI, dated Jan. 24, 1978 (MLK Document 170274); request of the House Select Committee on Assassinations to CIA and CIA compliance, May 19, 1978 (MLK Document 210423); FBI response to House Select Committee on Assassinations request, Oct. 20, 1978 (MLK Document 260347); outside contact report with J. Aldhizer, Sept. 29, 1978, House Select Committee on Assassinations (MLK Document 260048).
  14. Staff summary of interview of Myron Billett, Dec. 21, l977, House Select Committee on Assassinations, p. 3 (MLK Document 180065).
  15. Billett's credibility was also undermined by an extensive criminal record, which included convictions for armed robbery, manslaughter, grand larceny, and forgery.
Top of Page

References: Section D
  1. Report of the Department of Justice Task Force to Review the FBI Martin Luther King, Jr. Security and Assassination Investigations, Jan. 11, 1977, p. 141.
  2. MLK Exhibit F-438A (FBI memorandum from William C. Sullivan to A. H. Belmont, Dec. 24, 1963), hearings before the Select Committee on Assassinations, U.S. House of Representatives, 95th Cong., 2d sess. (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1979), vol. VI, p. 156 (hereinafter-- HSCA-MLK hearings, --).
  3. MLK Exhibit F-451A (FBI memorandum from Detroit to SAC, Albany, Aug. 25, 1967), VI HSCA-MLK Hearings, 298.
  4. Ibid.
  5. MLK Exhibit F-451B (FBI airtel from Detroit to SAC, Albany, Mar. 4, 1968), VI HSCA-MLK Hearings, 301.
  6. Ibid.
  7. Ibid.
  8. MLK Exhibit F-459 (FBI memorandum from SAC, Memphis to Director, Mar. 14, 1968), VI HSCA-MLK hearings, 522.
  9. Interview of FBI informant, Apr. 4, 1978, House Select Committee on Assassinations (MLK Document 200035).
  10. Testimony of Dr. Ralph Abernathy, Aug. 14, 1978, HSCA-MLK hearings 18 (hereinafter Abernathy testimony); see also "King Disappointed in March-- He'll Try Again Next Week" Memphis, (Tenn.) Commercial Appeal, Mar. 30, 1968, p. A1.
  11. MLK Exhibit F-451C (FBI memorandum from G.C. Moore, Chief, Racial Intelligence Section, to William C. Sullivan, Assistant Director, Domestic Intelligence Division, Mar. 29, 1968), VI HSCA-MLK hearings, 307.
  12. Abernathy testimony.
  13. Chief Counsel's notes, May 17, 1978, Re: FBI's Black organizing project/invaders informant files (MLK Document 300003).

Page 670

  1. Interview of FBI informant, Nov. 15, 1978, House Select Committee on Assassinations (MLK Document 290041). It should be noted that at the informant's request, the committee has agreed not to disclose his identity in this report.
  2. Ibid.
  3. Testimony of Marrell McCollough, Nov. 20, 1978, VI HSCA-MLK hearings, 417 (hereinafter McCollough testimony).
  4. Testimony of William Lawrence, Nov. 21, 1978, VI HSCA-MLK hearings, 547 (hereinafter Lawrence testimony).
  5. MLK Exhibit F-455 (FBI interview of Marrell McCollough, Apr. 11, 1968), VI HSCA-MLK hearings, 422.
  6. McCollough testimony, p. 433.
  7. See Lawrence testimony pp. 541, 546-548.
  8. FBI teletype to Director from Memphis, Tenn., Mar. 28, 1968.
  9. Lawrence testimony, p. 547.
  10. MLK Exhibit F-456 (FBI memorandum to Director from SAC, Memphis, Tenn., Mar. 29, 1968), p. 4, VI HSCA-MLK hearings, 470.
  11. Lawrence testimony, p. 549.
  12. Executive session testimony of Howell Lowe, May 24, 1978, House Select Committee on Assassinations, pp. 11-13.
  13. FBI memorandum from William C Sullivan to Cartha DeLoach, Mar. 20, 1968, re: MLK's march on Washington, Bureau file No. 157-106670-415.
  14. Executive session testimony of Howell Lowe, ref. 25, supra, pp. 115-118.
  15. See, e.g., Lawrence testimony, Nov. 21, 1978, p. 546.
  16. FBI airtel to Director from SAC Mobile, Mar. 26, 1968, re: racial intelligence, Bureau No. 100-448006-63.
  17. FBI airtel from Director to SAC, Mobile, Ala., Apr. 2, 1968, re: counter-intelligence program-- Washington spring project, Bureau No. 100-448006-63.
  18. Letter from G. Robert Blakey to Griffin B. Bell, June 20, 1978, re: Ray associates list (MLK Document 220442).
  19. Letter from Director, FBI, to House Select Committee on Assassinations, Aug. 10, 1978 (MLK Document 240222).
  20. Interview of [name deleted], Oct. 13, 1978, House Select Committee on Assassinations (MLK Document 260219).
  21. Id. at 5.
  22. Id. at 2.
  23. Id. at 3-4.
  24. The seven agents and their 1968 office assignments, as identified from FBI reports, were: Thomas Weaver, Jefferson City, Mo.; Arthur Woods, Springfield, Ill.; Robert Haines, Alton, Ill.; Cletis Bidewell, St. Louis, Mo.; Robert Pevahouse, Des Plaines, Ill.; Mac Oliver, Quincy, Ill.; and Joseph Kissiah, who served as case agent and of the office of origin, Kansas City, Mo. An eighth agent, Rowan Ayers from the Jefferson City, Mo., office of the FBI, was similarly identified but is now deceased. The following MLK documents reflect the interviews of the seven agents listed above: staff summary of interview of Thomas Weaver, July 28, 1978, House Select Committee on Assassinations (MLK Document 250083); staff summary of interview of Arthur Woods, Sept. 1, 1978, House Select Committee on Assassinations (MLK Document 250084); staff summary of interview of Robert Haines, Aug. 29, 1978, House Select Committee on Assassinations (MLK Document 250085); staff summary of interview of Cletis Bidewell, Aug. 31, 1978, House Select Committee on Assassinations (MLK Document 250086); staff summary or interview of Robert Pevahouse, Aug. 28, 1978, House Select Committee on Assassinations (MLK Document 250087); staff summary of interview of Joe Kissiah, July 28, 1978, House Select Committee on Assassinations (MLK Document 250088); and staff summary of interview of Mac Oliver, Sept. 1, 1978, House Select Committee on Assassinations (MLK Document 250082).
  25. Bernard S. Lee, SCLC v. Clarence M. Kelley et. al., civil action No. 76-1185, U.S. District Court for District of Columbia, memorandum opinion and order, Jan. 31, 1977, pp. 3-4 (MLK Document 270135).
  26. Lee v. Kelley, motion for the United States to intervene as party defendant, Nov. 10, 1978 (MLK Document 270135).
  27. Lee v. Kelley, order, Nov. 14, 1978 (MLK Document 270135).
  28. MLK Exhibit F-442A (FBI memorandum from C.D. Brennan to W.C. Sullivan, Assistant Director, Domestic Intelligence Division, Apr. 18, 1968), VI HSCA-MLK Hearings, 181.

Page 671

  1. Ibid.
  2. FBI memorandum from SAC, Atlanta to file, June 23, 1966, Bureau No. 100-6670E-106.
  3. Letter from the FBI to the Senate Select Committee to Study Governmental Operations with Respect to Intelligence Activities, July 21, 1975.
  4. Testimony of Ramsey Clark, Nov. 28, 1978, VII HSCA-MLK Hearings, 128 (hereinafter Clark testimony).
  5. Id. at 130.
  6. Mark Lane and Dick Gregory, Code Name "Zorro" (New York: Pocket Books, 1978), pp. 151-157 (hereinafter Zorro).
  7. Executive session testimony of Donald H. Smith, Mar. 21, 1978, House Select Committee on Assassinations, pp. 13, 20 (hereinafter Smith executive session testimony).
  8. Testimony of Frank C. Holloman, Nov. 10, 1978, IV HSCA-MLK Hearings, 253 (hereinafter Holloman testimony); interview of James MacDonald, Feb. 23, 1978, House Select Committee on Assassinations, p. 2 (MLK Document 200333).
  9. Compare statement of former Chief of Police Henry Lux that the normal practice was to give Dr. King security (staff interview of Henry Lux, June 22, 1978, House Select Committee on Assassinations, MLK Document 290045) (hereinafter Lux interview), with testimony of Inspector Smith that he did not ever recall providing security for Dr. King previously (Smith executive session testimony, Mar. 21, 1978, p. 12) and statement of Lieutenant Arkin that no previous security was ever provided Dr. King because he always said he did not want it (interview of Lieutenant Arkin, Dec. 15, 1976, House Select Committee on Assassinations, p.11 (MLK Document 040017)).
  10. Smith executive session testimony, Mar. 21, 1978, pp. 15-16.
  11. Id. at 19; See also "Civil Disorders; Memphis, Tenn. Feb. 12-Apr. 16 1968," a report prepared for Frank Holloman, director of fire and police, by Lieutenant Arkin (MLK Document 030198). Portions of this report appear as MLK exhibit F-186, IV HSCA-MLK hearings, 246.
  12. MLK Exhibit F-187 (Apr. 5, 1968, memorandum from Smith to Huston), IV HSCA-MLK hearings, 257.
  13. Ibid.
  14. Ibid.
  15. Smith executive session testimony, Mar 21, 1978, p. 26.
  16. Id. at 20-27.
  17. Id. at 26-27.
  18. Id. at 27.
  19. Lux interview, p. 3.
  20. Ibid.
  21. Interview of James MacDonald, Feb. 23, 1978, House Select Committee on Assassinations, pp. 2-3, (MLK Document 200333).
  22. Smith executive session testimony Mar. 21, 1978, p. 28.
  23. Holloman testimony, pp. 263, 264. Holloman stated he was unaware of the withdrawal of the detail until informed of it by the committee in 1978 (Holloman testimony, p. 263). The committee noted that retired Chief of Police Henry Lux said Holloman was not consulted when the decision to withdraw the detail was transmitted by Huston to Smith (Lux interview).
  24. Interview of W.B. Richmond, Mar. 7, 1978, House Select Committee on Assassinations, p. 7 (MLK Document 190430) (hereinafter Richmond interview); testimony of Edward Redditt, Nov. 10, 1978, IV HSCA-MLK hearings, 202 (hereinafter Redditt testimony).
  25. Executive session testimony of Graydon P. Tines, Mar. 21, 1978, House Select Committee on Assassinations, p. 100 (hereinafter Tines executive session testimony).
  26. Executive session testimony of Edward Redditt, Mar. 22, 1978, House Select Committee on Assassinations, p. 24 (hereinafter Redditt executive session testimony).
  27. Id. at 33; Redditt testimony, p. 204; see also MLK exhibit F-229 (MPD internal memorandum, Apr. 4, 1968, from Redditt to Tines), IV HSCA-MLK hearings, 207.
  28. Redditt executive session testimony, p. 34.
  29. Id.at 40.
  30. Id.at 41.
  31. Ibid.

Page 672

  1. Tines executive session testimony, p. 100.
  2. Memphis Police Department supplementary homicide report, July 22, 1968, p. 1525 (MLK Document 0302O3).
  3. Richmond Interview, pp. 7-9.
  4. Smith executive session testimony, p. 29.
  5. Redditt executive session testimony, p. 25.
  6. MLK exhibit F-229 (MPD internal memorandum, Apr. 4, 1968, from Redditt to Tines), IV HSCA-MLK hearings, 207.
  7. Memphis Police Department memorandum from Tines to Routt, July 17, 1968, re security and surveillance of Dr. Martin Luther King from the time he arrive in Memphis on April 3, 1968, until he was assassinated on the evening of April 4, 1968 (MLK executive session exhibit No. 56).
  8. Redditt executive session testimony, p. 26.
  9. Id. at 27-29.
  10. Id. at 24.
  11. Id. at 42.
  12. Tines executive session testimony, p. 102.
  13. Richmond interview, p. 9.
  14. Redditt testimony, pp. 224-225.
  15. Id. at 205, 225.
  16. Id. at 205.
  17. Statement of Edward Redditt given at central police headquarters on Apr. 10, 1968 (MLK executive session exhibit No. 70).
  18. Redditt executive session testimony, pp. 179-180. Portions of this testimony appear at MLK exhibit F-183, IV HSCA-MLK hearings, 211.
  19. Redditt testimony, p. 218.
  20. Id. at 217-218.
  21. Ibid.
  22. Zorro, p. 157.
  23. Redditt executive session testimony, p 148.
  24. Id. at 150-151.
  25. Richmond interview, p. 20.
  26. Tines executive session testimony, pp. 116-117.
  27. Redditt executive session testimony, p. 152.
  28. Id. at 181, 182.
  29. Redditt testimony, p. 232
  30. Ibid.
  31. Id. at 233.
  32. Memphis Police Department memorandum from Redditt to Tines, Mar. 8, 1968, re "Threats from Rosetta Miller FC, administrative assistant, U.S. Civil Rights Commission" (MLK executive session exhibit No. 67).
  33. See e.g. MLK exhibit F-229 (memorandum from Redditt to Tines, Apr. 4, 1968 re "Surveillance of Martin Luther King, Jr., and Related Activities"), IV HSCA-MLK hearings, 207.
  34. Tines executive session testimony, p. 108.
  35. Interview of Lieutenant Arkin, Dec. 15, 1976, House Select Committee on Assassinations, p. 23 (MLK Document 040017) (hereinafter Arkin interview).
  36. Tines executive session testimony, p. 108.
  37. Holloman testimony, p. 266.
  38. Arkin interview, p. 23.
  39. Interview of James MacDonald, Feb. 23, 1978, House Select Committee on Assassinations, p. 3 (MLK Document 200333).
  40. Tines executive session testimony, pp. 112-113.
  41. Holloman testimony, p. 267.
  42. Redditt executive session testimony, p. 80
  43. Redditt testimony, p. 209.
  44. Holloman testimony, p. 267.
  45. Id. at 266.
  46. Outside contact report with Robert Goff, Feb. 4, 1978, House Select Committee on Assassinations (MLK Document 180379).
  47. Holloman testimony, p. 270; MLK exhibit F-189 (MPD memorandum from Tines to MacDonald, Apr. 4, 1968), IV HSCA-MLK hearings, 268.
  48. Holloman testimony, p. 270.
  49. Tines executive session testimony, pp. 110-112.
  50. Arkin interview, p. 21.

Page 673

  1. Interviews of Phil Manuel, Nov. 23, 1976 and Mar. 18, 1977, House Select Committee on Assassinations (MLK Documents 290044 and 070147).
  2. Deposition of confidential source, Apr. 3, 1978, House Select Committee on Assassinations, pp. 32-38 (MLK Document 280104).
  3. MLK exhibit F-189, IV HSCA-MLK hearings, 268. Although the memorandum discussing Manuel was addressed to MacDonald, MacDonald had no memory of Manuel or any threat Manuel transmitted. MacDonald recalls Redditt's transfer as being the cumulative result of prior threats directed against Redditt and his family. Interview of MacDonald, Feb. 23, 1978, House Select Committee on Assassinations, p. 4 (MLK Document 200333).
  4. MLK exhibit F-190 (Memphis Police Department memorandum from Arkin to Tines, Apr. 4, 1968), IV HSCA-MLK hearings, 269.
  5. Tines executive session testimony, p. 115.
  6. Holloman testimony, Nov. 10, 1978, pp. 270-271.
  7. Statement of Edward Redditt given at central police headquarters on Apr. 10, 1968 (MLK executive session exhibit No. 70), p. 1.
  8. Zorro, pp. 144-150.
  9. Interview of Floyd Newsum, Dec. 13, 1976, House Select Committee on Assassinations, pp. 2-3 (MLK Document 040012) (hereinafter Newsum interview).
  10. Id. at 8.
  11. See Memphis Fire Department strength reports (MLK Document 290040).
  12. Newsum interview, pp. 5-6.
  13. Memphis Fire Department strength reports (MLK Document 290040).
  14. Interview of Norvell E. Wallace, Dec. 11, 1976, House Select Committee on Assassinations, p. 6 (MLK Document 040020).
  15. Memphis Fire Department strength reports (MLK Document 290040).
  16. Tines executive session testimony, p. 118.
  17. Ibid.
  18. Memphis Police Department memorandum, Redditt to Tines, Apr. 4, 1968 (MLK executive session exhibit No. 68), p. 2.
  19. Redditt testimony, pp. 230-231.
  20. Newsum interview, pp. 9, 11.
  21. Id. at 9.
  22. Interview of James 0. Barnett, Feb. 23, 1978, House Select Committee on Assassinations, p. 2 (MLK Document 200427).
  23. The estimate, taken from MPD files, includes a MPD undercover officer, Marrell MeCollough, who was present at the Lorraine at the time of the assassination, and TACT unit 11, composed of 12 to 16 officers, which was actually located a few yards beyond a mile's radius. It excludes routine ward cars which may have been in the area but for which no records remain in the MPD. The estimate actually reflects the location of most officers at 6:08 p.m., when the news of the shooting was broadcast, rather than their locations at 6:01, when Dr. King was shot. See also MLK exhibit F-186 (MPD report from Arkin to Holloman), IV HSCA-MLK hearings, 246.
  24. Holloman testimony, p. 278.
  25. MLK exhibit F-l94 (affidavit of Judson Ghormley), IV HSCA-MLK hearings, 285.
  26. Testimony of Marrell McCollough, Nov. 20, 1978, VI HSCA-MLK hearings, 418-419 (hereinafter McCollough testimony).
  27. See e.g. staff interview of P.M. Jowers, July 28, 1977, House Select Committee on Assassinations, p. 4 (MLK Document 120104) and staff interview of Stephen B. Scott, July 29, 1977, House Select Committee on Assassinations, p. 5 (MLK Document 110486)
  28. McCollough testimony, p. 419.
  29. Richmond interview, p. 16.
  30. MLK exhibit F-194 (affidavit of Judson Ghormley), IV HSCA-MLK hearings, 285.
  31. Memphis Police Department supplementary homicide report, supplement No. 27, p. 1 (MLK Document 030203). The substance of the report, which dealt with the activities of all members of TACT 10, was corroborated in interviews with the staff. See also staff interview of Emmett Douglas, Aug. 24, 1977, House Select Committee on Assassinations. (MLK Document 120112).

Page 674

  1. Memphis Police Department supplementary homicide report, supplement No. 27, p. 1 (MLK Document 030203). See also MLK Exhibit F-194 (affidavit of Judson Ghormley), IV HSCA-MLK hearings, 285; interview of Barney G. Wright, Aug. 14, 1977, House Select Committee on Assassinations, p. 4 (MLK Document 120018).
  2. Interview of Vernon Dollahite, Aug 15, 1977, House Select Committee On Assassinations, p. 3 (MLK Document 120101).
  3. MLK exhibit F-194 (affidavit of Judson Ghormley), IV HSCA-MLK hearings, 285.
  4. Interview of Barney G. Wright, Aug. 14, 1977. House Select Committee on Assassinations, p. 4 (MLK document l20118).
  5. Memphis Police Department supplementary homicide report, supplement No. 27, p. 2 (MLK Document 030203).
  6. Ibid.; interview of Barney G. Wright, Aug. 14, 1977, House Select Committee on Assassinations, pp. 5-8 (MLK Document 120018).
  7. MLK exhibit F-194 (affidavit of Judson Ghormley), IV HSCA-MLK hearings, 285; interview of Vernon Dollahite, Aug. 15, 1977, House Select Committee on Assassinations, pp. 2-3 (MLK Document 120101).
  8. MLK exhibit F-195 (affidavit of Frank Kallaher, with attached transcripts of April 4, 1968, Memphis police radio broadcasts). IV HSCA-MLK hearings, 287.
  9. Ibid.
  10. Ibid.
  11. Ibid.
  12. Ibid.
  13. Ibid.; see also affidavit of E. Winslow Chapman, June 7, 1978 (MLK Document 220476).
  14. See, e.g., MLK exhibit F-193 (affidavit of W.O. Crumby), IV HSCA­MLK hearings, 279; see also interview of Clyde S. Bounds, July 29, 1977, House Select Committee on Assassinations (MLK Document 120102) (hereinafter Bounds interview); interview of Stephen B. Scott, July 29, 1977, p. 1, House Select Committee on Assassinations (MLK Document 1lO486); interview of Henry Lux, June 22, 1977, House Select Committee on Assassinations (MLK Document 290045) (hereinafter Lux interview).
  15. Frank Holloman, former director of fire and safety, stated that after the rioting started, the assassination of Dr. King and the riot situation were "equal priorities." Holloman testimony, p. 322.
  16. See, e.g., Bounds interview: interview of Stephen B. Scott, July 29, 1977, House Select Committee on Assassinations (MLK Document 110486).
  17. MLK exhibit F-195 (affidavit of Frank Kallaher), IV HSCA-MLK hearings, 287.
  18. Testimony of James Earl Ray, August 16, 1978, I HSCA-MLK hearings, 106.
  19. MLK exhibit F-195 (affidavit of Frank Kallaher), IV HSCA-MLK hearings, 287.
  20. Ibid.
  21. Lux interview, p. 4.
  22. During James Earl Ray's incarceration at Missouri State Penitentiary, Jefferson City, Mo., he made two unsuccessful escapes, one in 1961 and the other in 1966. (See James Earl Ray's Missouri State Penitentiary records: Nov. 19, 1961, interoffice communication on attempted escape of Ray: March 13, 1966, interoffice communication on attempted escape inmate Ray (MLK Document 060018).
  23. Missouri State Penitentiary visitation records (MLK Document 240176).
  24. James Earl Ray's Missouri State Penitentiary records: bank account records from March 22, 1960 to July 14, 1967 (MLK Document 060018).
  25. James Earl Ray's Missouri State Penitentiary records: reports on escape investigations (MLK Document 060018).
  26. See, generally, FBI and House Select Committee on Assassinations interviews with former inmate associates of Ray and Missouri State prison officials, 2 vols., approximately 130 interviews as summarized in MLK Document 280061).
  27. Staff report on contents of Ray's Missouri State Penitentiary records, June 11, 1977, House Select Committee on Assassinations, pp. 8-9 (MLK Document 100038).

Page 675

  1. Letter from Harry F. Lauf to House Select Committee on Assassinations, June 17, 1977 (MLK Document 100071).
  2. Ibid.
  3. Ibid.
  4. Letter from Harry R. Lauf to House Select Committee on Assassinations January 26, 1978 (MLK Document 170324).
  5. Interview of James Earl Ray, Dec. 2, 1977, House Select Committee on Assassinations, XI Appendix to the HSCA-MLK Hearings, pp. 8-10.
  6. Ibid.
  7. James Earl Ray's Missouri State Penitentiary records: reports on escape investigations (MLK Document 060018); interview of Major Bernard J. Poiry, June 12, 1977, House Select Committee on Assassinations (MLK Document 180034); interview of Danton Steele, June 12, 1977, House Select Committee on Assassinations (MLK Document 100095); interview of former Warden Harold Rudolfo Swenson, June 7, 1977, House Select Committee on Assassinations (MLK Document 230037).
  8. Staff summary of interview of Raymond Patrick, June 9, 1977, House Select Committee on Assassinations, pp. 1-2 (MLK Document 180038); staff summary of interview of Robert L. Powell, Nov. 21, 1977, House Select Committee on Assassinations, p. 2 (MLK Document 180032); staff summary of interview of Jack Romprey, June 9, 1977, House Select Committee on Assassinations, pp. 1-2 (MLK Document 180035); staff summary of interview of Michael Moore, June 9, 1977, House Select Committee on Assassinations, pp. 1-2 (MLK Document 180033); staff summary of interview of James Stidham, June 10, 1977, House Select Committee on Assassinations, pp. 1-2 (MLK Document 100094); interview of Ernest Franklin, June 8, 1977, House Select Committee on Assassinations, pp. 1-3 (MLK Document 100097); staff summary of Joseph J. Maloney, Nov. 10, 1977, House Select Committee on Assassinations, p. 2 (MLK Document 180184); staff summary of interview of John Kenneth Hurtt, Nov. 10, 1977, House Select Committee on Assassinations, p. 2 (MLK Document 180082); staff summary of interview of Robert J. Powell, Nov. 21, 1977, House Select Committee on Assassinations, p. 1 (MLK Document 170321).
  9. James Earl Ray's Missouri State Penitentiary records: interoffice communication from Capt. Donald Wyrick, June 19, l968 (MLK Document O60018); FBI Kansas City 302 S.A. report, June 14, 1968, interview of Danton Steele on May 27, 1968, p. 2 (MLK Document 040058); staff summary of interview of Capt. Danton Steele, June 12, l977, House Select Committee on Assassinations, p. 2 (MLK Document 100095); staff summary of interview of Maj. Bernard J. Poiry, June 12, 1977, House Select Committee on Assassinations, p. 1 (MLK Document 180034).
  10. Staff summary of interview of James Stidham, June 10, 1977, House Select Committee on Assassinations, pp. 1-2 (MLK Document 100094).
  11. Staff memorandum from Lee and Chenoweth to Lehner re "probable method used to escape from Missouri State Penitentiary," June 24, 1977, House Select Committee on Assassinations, p. 5 (MLK Document 190393).
  12. Staff summary of interview of Frank Guinan, July 13, 1978, House Select Committee on Assassinations, p. 1 (MLK Document 300001).
  13. Interview of James Earl Ray, Dec. 2, 1977, House Select Committee on Assassinations, XII Appendix to the HSCA-MLK hearings, p. 27.
  14. Staff summary of interview of James Stidham, June 10, 1977, House Select Committee on Assassinations, pp. 1-2 (MLK Document 100094).
  15. FBI interview of Donald Garfield Cox, June 5, l968; reported by S.A. Harold Dobson in St. Louis MURKIN report, June 25, 1968; see also staff summary of interview of Joseph J. Maloney, House Select Committee on Assassinations, p. 3 (MLK Document 180184).
  16. Staff summary of interview of Capt. Danton Steele, June 12, 1977, House Select Committee on Assassinations, p. 1 (MLK Document 100095); staff summary of interview of former Warden Harold Rudolfo Swenson, June 7, 1977, House Select Committee on Assassinations, p. 2 (MLK Document 230037).
  17. James Earl Ray's Missouri State Penitentiary records: interoffice communication, Apr. 23, 1967 re inmate Ray missing at 5 p.m. count; memorandum, Aug. 16. l967, re escape of Ray (MLK Document 060018).
  18. Outside contact report with Lt. William R. Turner, Oct. 16, 1978, House Select Committee on Assassinations, p. 1 (MLK Document 280090).

Page 676

  1. James Earl Ray's Missouri State Penitentiary records: interoffice communication, May 4, 1967, re supplement to escape investigation report of May 3, 1967 (MLK Document 160018).
    The failure of various prison employees to perform their duties properly resulted in administrative action against them, although none were terminated. Top officials at the prison further concluded it would not be justifiable to take action against any inmates who had helped Ray.
    Staff memorandum from Lee and Chenoweth to Lehner re "probable method used to escape from Missouri State Penitentiary," June 24, 1977, House Select Committee on Assassinations, p. 8 (MLK Document 190393).
Top of Page

References: Section E
  1. See final report of Senate Select Committee to Study Governmental Operations with Respect to Intelligence Activities, 94th Congress, 2d session (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1976), book III, p. 4 (hereinafter book III, Senate Intelligence Committee).
  2. Id. at 13.
  3. Testimony of Dr. Ralph Abernathy, Aug. 14, 1978, hearings before the Select Committee on Assassinations, U.S. House of Representatives, 95th Congress, 2d session (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1979), vol. I, p. 12 (hereinafter Abernathy testimony-- HSCA-MLK hearings--).
  4. FBI memorandum from Director to Atlanta, Sept. 20, 1947, re: Southern Christian Leadership Conference, Bureau No. 100-438794-X1.
  5. Department of Justice memorandum from Assistant Attorney General Robert Murphy to Assistant Attorney General J.S. Pottinger, Mar. 31, 1976, p. 8 (MLK Document 120023).
  6. Id. at 11.
  7. Testimony of Charles Brennan, Nov. 17, 1978, VI HSCA-MLK hearings, 129 (hereinafter Brennan testimony).
  8. MLK exhibit F-435 (FBI investigative branch organizational chart-- circa 1968), VI HSCA-MLK hearings, 83.
  9. Testimony of George C. Moore, Nov. 17, 1978, VI HSCA-MLK hearings, 363 (hereinafter Moore testimony).
  10. Executive session testimony of Charles D. Brennan, June 21, 1978, House Select Committee on Assassinations, p. 7.
  11. MLK exhibit F-451-A (FBI memorandum to SAC, Albany, from Director, Aug. 25, 1967), VI HSCA-MLK hearings, 298.
  12. MLK exhibit F-451-B (FBI airtel to SAC, Albany, from Director, Mar. 4, 1968), VI HSCA-MLK hearings, 301.
  13. Executive session testimony of Thomas E. Bishop, June 21, 1978, House Select Committee on Assassinations, pp. 6-7.
  14. Executive session testimony of Alan G. Sentinella, May 25, 1978, House Select Committee on Assassinations, p. 26.
  15. MLK exhibit F-451-A (FBI memorandum to SAC, Albany, from Director, Aug. 25, 1967), VI HSCA-MLK hearings, p. 298.
  16. Moore testimony, pp. 366-367.
  17. See refs 47, 48, and 49, and text, infra, for discussion of Department of Justice authorization procedures for various forms of electronic surveillance.
  18. FBI memorandum from M.A. Jones to Cartha DeLoach, Feb. 7, 1961, re: article in The Nation for Feb. 4, 1961, by Martin Luther King, Jr., unrecorded headquarter serials.
  19. FBI memorandum from Bland to Sullivan, Feb. 3, 1962, FBI headquarters file 100-372450-135.
  20. Washington Capital News Service teletype, Dec. 29, 1963, FBI headquarters file 94-3-4-11-752.
  21. See, for example, executive session testimony of Cartha DeLoach, July 18, 1978, House Select Committee on Assassination, pp. 12-18, 41-45, and testimony of Arthur Murtagh, Nov. 17, 1978, VI HSCA-MLK hearings, 94-96 (hereinafter Murtagh testimony).
  22. "J. Edgar Hoover and the FBI," Newsweek, Dec. 7, 1964, p. 22.
  23. Testimony of Ramsey Clark, Nov. 28, 1978, VII HSCA-MLK hearings, 74 (hereinafter Clark testimony).
  24. Ibid.
  25. Ibid.

Page 677

  1. FBI memorandum from F. J. Baumgardner to W. C. Sullivan, Aug. 23, 1963, re: Communist Party, USA Negro question, FBI headquarters file 100-3-116-253X.
  2. See, e.g., FBI memorandum from M.A. Jones to Bishop, Mar. 18, 1969, re: Martin Luther King's birthday, FBI headquarters file 100-06670-3586.
  3. Executive session testimony of Alan G. Sentinella, May 26, 1978, House Select Committee on Assassinations, pp. 26-27.
  4. FBI memorandum from Atlanta to Director, Apr. 26, 1962, FBI headquarters file 100-5586, 1-5-16670.
  5. FBI memorandum from Director to Atlanta, May 11, 1962, MLK security file 100-6-70-(obliterated).
  6. Book III, Senate Intelligence Committee, p. 87.
  7. FBI memorandum from Director to SAC, Atlanta, Oct. 23, 1962, FBI headquarters file 100-438794-(illegible serial).
  8. Executive session testimony of Alan G. Sentinella, May 25, 1978, House Select Committee on Assassinations, pp. 47-50.
  9. FBI memorandum from Baumgardner to Sullivan, Aug. 23, 1963, re: CPUSA-Negro question, FBI headquarters file 100-3-116-263X.
  10. Ibid.
  11. See, e.g., Brennan testimony, p. 154. See also staff summary of interview with David Ryan, July 13, 1978, House Select Committee on Assassinations, p. 2 (MLK document 230316).
  12. FBI memorandum from Baumgardner to Sullivan, Aug. 23, 1963, re: CPUSA-Negro question, FBI headquarters file 100-3-ll6-253X.
  13. FBI memorandum from Sullivan to Belmont, Aug. 30, 1963, re: CPUSA-Negro question, FBI headquarters file 100-13-ll6-253X.
  14. FBI memorandum from Sullivan to Belmont, Dec. 24, 1963, re: CPUSA-Negro question, CIRM (illegible serial).
  15. Ibid.
  16. FBI memorandum from Sullivan to Belmont, Jan. 8, 1964, FBI headquarters file 77-56944 19.
  17. Id. at 3.
  18. See MLK Exhibit F-442A (FBI memorandum to Sullivan from Bureau, Apr. 18, 1968, indicating electronic surveillance on Dr. King and SCLC until November 1965), VI HSCA-MLK hearings, 181. See also section II D of this report, refs. 38-44, and text, supra, for discussion of committee review of FBI electronic surveillance materials at National Archives.
  19. Brennan testimony, p. 225.
  20. See FBI memorandum, Mar. 4, l964, from F.J. Baumgardner to W.C. Sullivan, CPUSA-Negro question (serial illegible).
  21. FBI memorandum from C.A. Evans to Alan Belmont, July 16, 1963, Communist influence in racial matters, FBI headquarters file l66-3-116 (illegible); see also FBI memorandum from C.A. Evans to Alan Belmont, Oct. 10, 1963, security matter, unrecorded serial.
  22. Memorandum from U.S. Attorney General Brownell to the Director, FBI, re: microphone surveillance, May 20, 1954.
  23. Book III, Senate Intelligence Committee, p. 123.
  24. See MLK Exhibit F-442A (FBI memorandum to Sullivan from Brennan, Apr. 18, l968), VI HSCA- MLK hearings, 181.
  25. Testimony of Cartha D. DeLoach, Nov. 27, 1978, VII HSCA-MLK Hearings, 24 (hereinafter DeLoach testimony).
  26. Book III, Senate Intelligence Committee, pp. 158-161.
  27. Id. at l80.
  28. Id. at 159.
  29. Id. at 158-161.
  30. See generally Book III, Senate Intelligence Committee, pp. 158-161. See also deposition of Seymour F. Phillips, Sept. 26, 1978, House Select Committee on Assassinations, p. 43.
  31. See e.g., MLK exhibit F-446A (FBI memorandum from F. J. Baumgardner to William C. Sullivan, Feb. 1, 1965), VI HSCA-MLK hearings, 254; MLK Exhibit F-446E (FBI memorandum from William C. Sullivan to Alan Belmont, Dec. 12, 1964), VI HSCA-MLK hearings, 261; MLK exhibit F-447A (FBI memorandum from F.J. Baumgardner to William C. Sullivan, Mar. 4, 1964), VI HSCA-MLK hearings, 268; MLK exhibit F-447 (FBI memorandum from F.J. Baumgardner to William C. Sullivan, Dec. 29, 1964).

Page 678

  1. See, e.g., MLK exhibit F-444A (FBI memorandum from F.J. Baumgardner to William C. Sullivan, Oct 27, 1966), VI HSCA-MLK hearings, 239; MLK exhibit F-444C (FBI memorandum from F.J. Baumgardner to William C. Sullivan, Nov. 3, 1966), VI HSCA-MLK hearings, 249.
  2. MLK exhibit F-451A (FBI memorandum to SAC, Albany from Director, Aug. 25, 1967), VI HSCA-MLK hearings, 298; MLK exhibit F-451B (FBI airtel to SAC, Albany from Director, Mar. 4, 1968), VI HSCA-MLK hearings, 301.
  3. FBI memorandum from William C. Sullivan to A. H. Belmont, Nov. 22, 1964, re: Communism and the Negro movement-- a current analysis, FBI headquarters file 100-442569-504.
  4. FBI memorandum from C.D. Brennan to William C. Sullivan, Apr. 10, 1967, re: Communist influence in racial matters (illegible serial).
  5. FBI memorandum, Mar. 11, 1968, from G.C. Moore to William C. Sullivan, Martin Luther King, Jr. security matter, FBI headquarters file 100-106670-3526.
  6. See MLK exhibit F-446 A through G (dissemination to religious leaders, VI HSCA-MLK hearings, 254, 256, 257, 259, 263, 265 respectively: F-447 A through D (interference with awards), VI HSCA-MLK hearings, 268, 270, 272, 275 respectively; F-449 A through E (interference with funding), VI HSCA-MLK hearings, 277, 279, 281, 283, 285 respectively.
  7. See MLK exhibits F-444A through F 444D (dissemination to friendly media sources), VI HSCA-MLK hearings. 239, 247, 249, 251 respectively.
  8. Executive session testimony of Thomas E. Bishop, June 21, 1978, House Select Committee on Assassinations, pp. 25-29.
  9. "FBI Tried to Hide Ties with Globe-Democrat." St. Louis Post-Dispatch, Dec. 1, 1977, p. 1-A.
  10. Ibid.
  11. FBI memorandum from SAC St. Louis to Director, FBI, May 28, 1968, re: COINTELPRO-New Left, FBI headquarters file 100-448698-42.
  12. FBI letter from Director to SAC, St. Louis, Oct. 18, 1968; re: COINTELPRO-New Left, FBI headquarters file 100-449698-42-7.
  13. Staff summary of interview with Denny Walsh, Mar. 5, 1978, House Select Committee on Assassinations (MLK Document 310096).
  14. See MLK Exhibit F-521, from Moore to Sullivan (FBI memorandum, Mar. 28, 1968), VII HSCA-MLK hearings, 108.
  15. Ibid. See also staff summary of interview with Patrick Buchanan, Mar. 5, 1979, House Select Committee on Assassinations (MLK Document 310095); staff summary of interview with G. Duncan Bauman, Feb. 28, 1979. House Select Committee on Assassinations (MLK Document 300223).
  16. Ibid.
  17. Ibid.
  18. See MLK exhibit F-520 ("The Real Martin Luther King," St. Louis Globe-Democrat, Mar. 30-31, 1968, p. C-2), VII HSCA-MLK hearings, 106.
  19. Executive session testimony of Thomas E. Bishop, June 21, 1978, House Select Committee on Assassinations, pp. 43-44.
  20. See, e.g., testimony of James Earl Ray, Aug. 17. 1978, III HSCA-MLK hearings, 98.
  21. Letter from John L. Ray to George McMillan, May 28, 1972 (MLK Document 290033).
  22. Book III, Senate Intelligence Committee, p. 9.
  23. Id. at 48.
  24. Ibid.
  25. The divisions, in numerical order were: (1)identification; (2)training; (3)administrative; (4)files and communications; (5)domestic intelligence; (6)general investigative; (7)laboratory; (8)crime records; (9)special investigative; (10)inspection.
  26. The text of 18 U.S.C. section 241 is as follows:
    Conspiracy against rights of citizens: If two or more persons conspire to injure, oppress, threaten or intimidate any citizen in the free exercise or enjoyment of any right or privilege secured to him by the Constitution or laws of the United States, or because of his having so exercised the same; or
    If two or more persons go in disguise on the highway, or in the premises of another, with intent to prevent or hinder his free exercise or enjoyment of any right or privilege so secured * * * *
  27. See staff summary of interview with Stephen J. Pollak, June 29 1978, House Select Committee on Assassinations, p. 2 (MLK document 250279).

Page 679

  1. Testimony of Stephen J. Pollak, Nov. 28, 1978, VII HSCA-MLK hearings, 142.
  2. FBI memorandum, Rosen to DeLoach, May 2, 1968, FBI headquarters, MURKIN file No. 44-38861-2946.
  3. Executive session testimony of Robert Jensen, July 12, 1978, House Select Committee on Assassinations, p. 14.
  4. Staff summary of interview with Cartha DeLoach, June 26, 1978, House Select Committee on Assassinations, p. 2 (MLK Document 230174).
  5. Clark testimony, p. ll.
  6. Id. at 12. See also memorandum, Stephen J. Pollak to Director, FBI, Apr. 14, 1968, FBI headquarters MURKIN file No. 44-38861-109. Pollak's memorandum read, in its entirety, as follows:
    "I have been advised by telephone that Dr. Martin Luther King was this date shot and wounded by an unidentified person or persons in Memphis, Tennessee, where he traveled to lead a demonstration march scheduled for April 8, 1968.
    "Please conduct a full investigation into a possible violation of 18 U.S C 241 and keep me currently advised of all developments."
  7. See, e.g., staff summary of interview with Robert Jensen, June 20, 1978, House Select Committee on Assassinations, p. 3 (MLK Document 190180).
  8. Staff summary of interview with Richard E. Long, June 2, 1978, House Select Committee on Assassinations, p. 2 (MLK Document 260327).
  9. FBI memorandum McGowan to Rosen, Apr. 4, 1968; FBI headquarters MURKIN file No. 44-38861-327.
  10. Staff summary of interview with Clem McGowan, June 13, 1978, House Select Committee on Assassinations, pp. 3-4 (MLK Document 220469).
  11. FBI memorandum, Rosen to DeLoach, Apr. 6, 1968, FBI headquarters MURKIN file No. 44-38861-329.
  12. FBI memorandum, Rosen to DeLoach, Apr. 5, 1968, FBI headquarters MURKIN file No. 44-38861-177.
  13. FBI memorandum, Rosen to DeLoach, Apr. 6, 1968, FBI headquarters MURKIN file No. 44-38861-329.
  14. FBI teletype, Director to all continental offices, Apr. 8, 1968, FBI headquarters MURKIN file No. 44-38861-158.
  15. FBI memorandum, Rosen to DeLoach, Apr. 12, 1968, FBI headquarters MURKIN file No. 44-38861-1113.
  16. FBI memorandum, Rosen to DeLoach, Apr. 18, 1968, FBI headquarters MURKIN file No. 44-38861-1367.
  17. FBI teletype, Director to all SAC's, Apr. 18, 1969, FBI headquarters MURKIN file No. 44-38861-1271.
  18. FBI memorandum, C.L. Trotter to Mohr, Sept. 2, 1969, FBI headquarters MURKIN file No. 44-38861-5818.
  19. Ibid.
  20. Ibid.
  21. Much of the public concern is based on the erroneous impression that fingerprint identification is an entirely computerized process. In fact, while computers are of great assistance in many aspects of the comparison process (for example in searching a large number of records for prints of a specific type or characteristic) the actual comparison of a latent print with know set of prints is still done manually.
  22. FBI memorandum, Rosen to DeLoach, Apr. 19, 1968, FBI headquarters MURKIN file No. 44-38861-4046 (insert attached).
  23. FBI memorandum, Rosen to DeLoach, Apr. 19, 1968, FBI headquarters MURKIN file No. 44-38861-1717.
  24. FBI teletype, Director to all SAC's, Apr. 19, 1968, FBI headquarters MURKIN file No. 44-38861-1396.
  25. FBI memorandum, Jones to Bishop, Apr. 19, 1968, FBI headquarters MURKIN file No. 44-38861-1938.
  26. FBI memorandum, Jones to Bishop, Apr. 25, 1968, FBI headquarters MURKIN file No. 44-38861-2584.
  27. See e.g., FBI teletype, Director to all SAC's, Apr. 27, 1968, FBI Miami Field Office MURKIN file No. 44-1854-614.
  28. See e.g. FBI headquarters MURKIN file No. 44-388612-2324 (summarizing 1 month's investigation in the Atlanta Field Office).
  29. FBI teletype, Director to SAC's Chicago, Kansas City, St. Louis, Springfield, May 1, 1968, FBI headquarters MURKIN file No. 44-38861-2622.

Page 680

  1. See, e.g., staff summary of interview with Ramsey Clark, June 21, 1978, House Select Committee on Assassinations, p. 4 (MLK Document 220473).
  2. FBI memorandum, Director to Attorney General, May 13, 1968, FBI headquarters MURKIN file No. 44-38861-3509.
  3. Ibid.
  4. FBI memorandum, J.J. Casper to Mohr, May 10, l968, FBI headquarters MURKIN file No. 44-38841-3763.
  5. Ibid.
  6. Staff summary of interview with Harold Dobson, June 28 1978, pp. 2-3 (MLK Document 230396).
  7. FBI memorandum, Director to Attorney General, June 11, 1968, captioned "Electronic Surveillance", FBI headquarters MURKIN file No. 44-38861­(nonrecorded serial).
  8. DeLoach testimony, p. 78.
  9. Ibid.
  10. Id. at 79.
  11. Id. at 81.
  12. FBI interview with John Larry Ray, May 9, 1968, St. Louis Field Office MURKIN file No. 44-775.
  13. See, e.g., memorandum, Rosen to DeLoach, May 10, 1968, FBI headquarters MURKIN file No. 44-38861-3510.
  14. FBI memorandum, Rosen to DeLoach, May 10, 1968, FBI headquarters MURKIN file No. 44-38861-3510.
  15. Correspondence, Director to Ottawa Legat, May 11, 1968, FBI Memphis Field Office MURKIN file No. 44-1987, Sub. L-75.
  16. FBI teletype, Director to SAC's Memphis, Buffalo, and Legat Ottawa, June 5, 1968, FBI headquarters MURKIN file No. 44-38861-4725.
  17. FBI memorandum, Hoover to Tolson, DeLoach, Rosen, Bishop, Sullivan, June 20, 1968, FBI headquarters MURKIN file No. 44-38861-4660, p, 5.
  18. Staff summary of interview with Ramsey Clark, June 21, 1978, p. 3 (MLK Document 220473). See also Clark testimony, p.p. 16-19, Ray's statement to the Aeromarine clerk and his purpose in discussing filing the Birmingham complaint charging Ray with conspiracy to interfere with Dr. King's civil rights.
  19. Id. at 18.
  20. FBI teletype, Director to all SAC's, Apr. 26. 1968, FBI headquarters MURKIN file No. 44-38861-2288.
  21. FBI memorandum, McGowan to Rosen, June 18, 1968, FBI headquarters MURKIN file No. 44-3886l-4578.
  22. See, e.g., FBI airtel, SAC, Memphis to SAC, New Orleans, Mar. 5, 1969, FBI Memphis Field Office MURKIN file No. 44-1987-Sub. M-423.
  23. See, e.g., FBI teletype, Charlotte to Director, Apr. 29, 1968, FBI headquarters MURKIN file No. 44-38861-2747.
  24. FBI memorandum, Rosen to DeLoach, Aug. 26, 1968, FBI headquarters MURKIN file No. 44-38861-5120.
  25. FBI memorandum, Branigan to Sullivan, June 14, 1968, FBI headquarters MURKIN file No. 44-38861-4682.
  26. The FBI did, on one occasion, request that the Department consider issuing a grand jury subpoena as one possible means of securing the notes of the author William Bradford Huie. For a discussion of the Department's response to this proposal, see "Analysis of the Assassination Investigation of the Department of Justice and the Federal Bureau of Investigation," staff report, XIII Appendix to the HSCA-MLK hearings.
  27. DeLoach testimony, p. 51.
  28. Id. at 50-51.
  29. Id. at 51.
  30. Id. at 52.
  31. Clark testimony, p. 53.
  32. Article, New York Times, June 20, 1968, p. 23 (incorporating text of President's statement in signing title III into law).
  33. See, e.g., 114 Cong. Record l629-98 (June 6, 1968, remarks of Pollak).
  34. Clark testimony, Nov. 28, 1968, FBI HSCA-MLK hearings, p. 43.
  35. FBI airtel, Director to SAC, Memphis, Aug. 14, 1968. FBI headquarters MURKIN file No. 41-3886l-5073.
  36. FBI interview with Mrs. Marguerita Welch, Apr. 24, 1969, FBI Chicago MURKIN file No. 44-1114.

Page 681

  1. FBI airtel, SAC, New Orleans to Director, Mar. 18, 1969, FBI headquarters MURKIN file No. 44-38861-5661.
  2. Ibid.
  3. FBI airtel, Director to SAC's, New Orleans and Memphis, Mar. 26, 1969, FBI headquarters MURKIN file 44-38861-5661.
151a. Executive session testimony of witness A, Dec. 13, 1978, House Select Committee on Assassinations, pp. 6-8.
  1. Testimony of Capt. Billie J. Smith evidentiary hearing on defense motion to modify conditions of confinement, Sept. 30, 1978 (MLK Document 110337).
  2. FBI teletype, Memphis to Director, Sept. 30, 1968, FBI headquarters MURKIN file No. 44-38861-5209.
  3. See, e.g., memorandum, SAC, Memphis, to Director, Oct. 11, 1968, and attached communications, FBI headquarters MURKIN file No. 44-38861-6235; memorandum, SAC, Memphis, to Director, Oct. 14, 1968, and attached communications, FBI headquarters MURKIN file No. 44-38861-5242; FBI airtel, SAC, Memphis to Director, Oct. 24, 1968, and attached communications, FBI headquarters MURKIN file No. 44-38861-5327.
  4. FBI airtel, SAC, Memphis, to Director, Oct. 24, 1968, FBI headquarters MURKIN file No. 44-38861-5327.
  5. See staff summary of interview with Robert Jensen, June 20, 1978 (MLK Document 190108); see also executive session testimony of Robert Jensen, July 12, 1978, House Select Committee on Assassinations, pp. 47-49.
  6. Executive session testimony of Robert Jensen, July 12, 1978, House Select Committee on Assassinations, pp. 50-51.
  7. Staff summary of interview with William Morris, Nov. 21, 1978 (MLK Document 270327).
  8. Executive session testimony of Robert Jensen, July 12, 1978, House Select Committee on Assassinations, p. 51.
  9. Id. at 55.
  10. Ibid.
  11. Id. at 54.
  12. Ibid. at p. 54; Cartha DeLoach had no recollection of any activity in Memphis which might have intruded upon Ray's attorney/client privilege. (Staff interview with C. DeLoach, June 26, 1978 (MLK Document 230174). Alex Rosen, Assistant Director of the General Investigative Division, did not recall seeing either the Sept. 30, 1968 Memphis airtel detailing Battle's order, or the three letters which followed in apparent contravention of the order. He recognized his initials on the Oct. 31, 1968 headquarters directive to Memphis, but had not independent recollection of the situation that had triggered the directive. Staff interview with Alex Rosen, June 28, 1978, (MLK Document 210237).
    Finally, neither Attorney General Clark (executive session testimony of Ramsey Clark, July 19, 1978, at pp. 89-92) nor Shelby County District Attorney Canale knew of any activity constituting an infringement on Ray's attorney/client privilege.
  13. Ibid.
  14. FBI airtel, Director to SAC, Memphis Oct. 31, 1968, FBI headquarters MURKIN file No. 44-38861-5310.
  15. FBI memorandum, Rosen to DeLoach, Mar. 11, 1969, p. 1, FBI headquarters MURKIN file No. 44-38861-5612.
  16. Memorandum, Rosen to DeLoach, Mar. 11, 1969, FBI headquarters MURKIN file, serial 44-38861-5612.
  17. FBI airtel, SAC, Houston, to SAC, Memphis, Mar. 12, 1969, FBI Memphis MURKIN file No. 44-1987-Sub. M-447.
  18. FBI memorandum, Rosen to DeLoach, Mar. 12, 1969, FBI headquarters MURKIN file No. 44-38861-5639.
  19. FBI memorandum, Rosen to DeLoach, Mar. 13, 1969, FBI headquarters MURKIN file No. 44-3886l-5615.
  20. FBI teletype, Memphis to Director, Mar. 13, 1969, FBI headquarters MURKIN file No. 44-38861-5622.
  21. Staff summary of interview with Robert Jensen, Oct. 8, 1978 (MLK Document 260328).
  22. See, generally, DeLoach testimony, pp 29-31.
  23. Executive session testimony of Ramsey Clark, July 19, 1978, House Select Committee on Assassinations, p. 63.

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  1. See, e.g., staff summary of interview with Wilbur Martindale (former Chief of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 Unit), June 15, 1978 (MLK Document 220471); staff summary of interview with Fred Vinson, Jr. (former Assistant Attorney General of the Criminal Division, Department of Justice), June 30, 1978 (MLK Document 230183); staff summary of interview with Stephen J. Pollak (former Assistant Attorney General of Civil Rights Division, Department of Justice), June 30, 1978 (MLK Document 250279).
Bibliographic note: Web version based on the Report of the Select Committee on Assassinations of the U.S. House of Representatives, Washington, DC: United States Government Printing Office, 1979. 1 volume, 686 pages. The formatting of this Web version may differ from the original.
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