Citizenship Reference Reports
Naturalization records document the process by which aliens obtained U.S. citizenship. The first federal naturalization law enacted in 1790 (1 Stat. 103) permitted foreign-born persons (aliens) to become U.S. citizens through a two-step process administered by any court of record. Additional legislation was enacted over the years. Significant Federal oversight began in 1906 when Congress addressed problems of widespread fraud and irregularities in the naturalization process by an act of June 29, 1906 (34 Stat. 596), that also established the predecessor agency to the Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS). Citizenship Reference Reports describe research strategies for some of the more frequent topics and records relating to naturalization.
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