"All Commissioned Officers, Figure 2"
By Capt. C.N.B. Macauley, Asst. Surgeon, U.S. Army, 1888
Ink and watercolor on paper
7" x 9 3/4 " National Archives and Records Administration, Records of the Office
of the Quartermaster General
Military Uniforms: Commissioned Officers
Capt. C.N.B. Macauley's concern for the health
and comfort of soldiers in hot weather led him to design these uniforms.
He recommended brown linen cloth and no brass buttons in place of the
heavier and darker regulation serge. He also designed a helmet made of
pith, a soft, spongy, lightweight material used by the British in India.
It had perforations for ventilation and shaded the face, neck, and ears.
The attached veil was long enough to be tucked into the blouse collar
and loose enough so the head could turn freely.