Jeannette Rankin

Credentials for Representative Jeannette Rankin of Montana, 1916

National Archives and Records Administration, Records of the U.S. House of Representatives

Jeannette Rankin was the first woman elected to Congress, 4 years before woman suffrage was added to the Constitution in 1920. Rankin was active in gaining women the right to vote in Montana in 1914. A pacifist, she voted against U.S. involvement in World War I and World War II during her two widely separated terms in the House, 1917-19 and 1941-43. Since Rankin, there have been nearly 200 women elected to Congress.