“View of the Ewen Breaker of the Pa. Coal Co. The dust was so dense at times as to obscure the view. The dust penetrated the utmost recesses of the boy’s lungs. A kind of slave-driver sometimes stands over the boys, prodding or kicking them in obedience. S. Pittston, Pa.”

By Lewis Hine, January 10, 1911

Again: In 1910, children under the age of 15, working in horrific conditions in America’s factories, mines, fields, canneries, and tenement sweatshops, made up 18.4 percent of the nation’s workforce. Between 1908 and 1918, the National Child Labor Committee sent its official photographer, Lewis Wicks Hine, to document child labor around the country through his photos and words. Most non-agricultural child labor was finally banned in 1938 by the Fair Labor Standards Act.

National Archives, Records of the Children’s Bureau (102-LH-1938)