“Farm Woman using her electric mangle”

By J. M. Butzko, Montgomery County, Indiana, August 12, 1930

Between World War I and II, laborsaving machinery changed housework. Electric washing machines, mangles (a machine for pressing cloth), irons, and vacuum cleaners made individual tasks much easier, but higher standards of cleanliness, fewer domestic workers, and increased responsibilities associated with childcare made more work for homemakers and mothers.

National Archives, Records of the Extension Service (33-SC-14312c)