“A workers’ advisory board in an American manufacturing plant. Elected from among plant employees, the members meet bi-weekly to advise their employer on decisions affecting their company”

By an unknown photographer, unknown location, 1948

American industry has tried many ways to give workers “a voice.” Workers in some industries formed unions that bargained on their behalf while others worked under a variety of employee representation plans, which allowed them to talk with managers about issues such as sanitation, safety, hours, and wages, but avoided formal union recognition.

National Archives, Records of the U.S. Information Agency (306-PS-49-41)