“Small newsie down-town. Saturday afternoon. St. Louis, Missouri”

By Lewis Hine, May 7, 1910

In 1910, children under the age of 15, working in horrific conditions in America’s factories, mines, fields, canneries, and tenement sweatshops, made up 18.4 percent of the nation’s workforce. Between 1908 and 1918, the National Child Labor Committee sent its official photographer, Lewis Wicks Hine, to document child labor around the country through his photos and words. Most non-agricultural child labor was finally banned in 1938 by the Fair Labor Standards Act.

National Archives, Records of the Children’s Bureau (102-LH-1377)