Legislative Branch

Guide to House Records: Chapter 11: Post Office Department

Chapter 11. Records of the Government Operations Committee and Its Predecessors

Table of Contents

Records of the Government Operations Committee and Its Predecessors, 1814-1988 from Guide to Federal Records in the National Archives of the United States

Committees discussed in this chapter:
Records of the Committee on Expenditures in the Post Office (1816-1927)

11.36 The earliest records of this committee date from the 17th Congress (1821-23).

Record TypeVolumeDates (Congresses)
Minute Books3 volumes1889-91 (51st), 1907-09 (60th), 1911-13 (62d)
Docket Books1 volume1889-91 (51st), 1907-09 (60th), 1911-13 (62d)
Petitions and Memorials1 inch1911-13 (62d)
Committee Papers1 foot1821-23 (17th), 1829-31 (21st), 1843-45 (28th), 1891-97 (52d-54th), 1905-09 (59th-60th), 1911-15 (62d-63d), 1917=19 (65th)
Total volume12 feet and 7 volumes (6 in.) 
Committee Records Summary Table

11.37 The minutes of the meetings held during the 1911-13 period, document the committee's efforts to review economy and efficiency of the Post Office Department's operations, conflicts of interest by postmasters, and the political involvement of postal employees (62A-F11.2).

11.38 Only a few petitions and memorials exist for this committee. Most are from various groups calling for an investigation of the Post Office Department's actions against a socialist weekly, The Appeal to Reason (62A-H8.1), or protesting the Post Office Department's actions against certain publications, including the Woman's National Daily (62A-H8.2).

11.39 Over 90 percent of the committee papers consists of listings of bidders for contracts for mail delivery routes during the years 1891-95 (52A-F15.1, 53A-F13.1). Most of the remaining records relate to reports of and examinations of Post Office Department contingent expenses. Among the most interesting of the committee papers are those of a subcommittee appointed during the 59th Congress to determine whether the Post Office Department was harassing E. G. Lewis, publisher of The Woman's Magazine and Woman's Farm Journal (59A-F13.1, 59A-F13.2, 62A-F11.1).

Table of Contents

Bibliographic note: Web version based on Guide to the Records of the United States House of Representatives at the National Archives, 1789-1989: Bicentennial Edition (Doct. No. 100-245). By Charles E. Schamel, Mary Rephlo, Rodney Ross, David Kepley, Robert W. Coren, and James Gregory Bradsher. Washington, DC: National Archives and Records Administration, 1989.