Featured Document Exhibit at the East Rotunda Gallery
Currently on Exhibit in the East Rotunda Gallery
January 26 - April 3, 2017
Jeannette Rankin: 100th Anniversary of the First Congresswoman
Four years before all American women were granted the right to vote by the 19th amendment, Jeanette Rankin was the first woman elected to Congress. She was sworn in on April 2, 1917. In commemoration of the 100th anniversary of the first Congresswoman, Rankin's credentials certifying that she was duly elected as Representative-at-large for Montana will be on display. Upon learning of her landmark election, Rankin foretold, “I may be the first woman member of Congress, but I won’t be the last.” Over the past 100 years, more than 300 women have been elected or appointed to the U.S. Congress.
East Rotunda Gallery, January 26 – April 3, 2017
Credentials of Jeannette Rankin.
National Archives, Records of the U.S. House of Representatives
Special Document Display in the West Rotunda Gallery
December 1, 2016 – January 31, 2017
Alexander Hamilton's Report of the Secretary of the Treasury on the Subject of Manufactures
December 5 marks the 225th anniversary of Secretary of the Treasury Alexander Hamilton's Report on Manufactures, the final of Hamilton's seminal reports on the economy, national debt, and financial condition of the early republic. This original document, submitted to the U.S. House of Representatives, outlines Hamilton's insights on the importance of manufacturing to the emerging nation.
West Rotunda Gallery, December 1, 2016 - January 31, 2017
Report of the Secretary of the Treasury on the Subject of Manufactures, December 5, 1791, Records of the U.S. House of Representatives
Previous Featured Documents
The First Presidential Inauguration: George Washington's First Inaugural Address and Inaugural Bible
Since the country’s first inauguration of George Washington as President, Presidential inaugurations have been important civic rituals in our national political life. On April 30, 1789, in the temporary capital of New York City on the second floor balcony of Federal Hall, George Washington placed his hand upon a bible and publicly swore his oath before a cheering crowd. He then delivered his inaugural address to a joint-session of Congress in the Senate Chamber in Federal Hall. The rituals observed during Washington’s first inauguration are the foundation upon which inaugural traditions are based today.
(George Washington's Inaugural Bible is on loan courtesy of St. John's Lodge No. 1, Ancient York.)
East Rotunda Gallery, January 5, 2017 – January 25, 2017
George Washington's First Inaugural Address, 4/30/1789, page 1.
National Archives, Records of the U.S. Senate. NAID 1634180
“A Date Which Will Live in Infamy”
Seventy-five years ago on December 8, 1941, President Franklin D. Roosevelt addressed a joint session of Congress. He asked for a declaration of war in response to Japan’s attack on the U.S. naval base at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, thus launching the United States into the Second World War. On display is the U.S. Senate’s copy of President Roosevelt’s famous “Infamy” speech.
East Rotunda Gallery, November 10, 2016 – January 4, 2017
Senate copy of President Franklin Roosevelt's Joint Address to Congress, December 8, 1941, page 1 National Archives, Records of the U.S. Senate. NAID 595426
100th Anniversary of the Organic Act Creating the National Park Service
President Woodrow Wilson signed the Organic Act on August 25, 1916 “to conserve the scenery and the natural and historic objects and the wild life therein, and to provide for the enjoyment of the same in such manner … as will leave them unimpaired for the enjoyment of future generations.” This legislation created the National Park Service, bringing the management and preservation of national parks under the administration of a single agency.
East Rotunda Gallery, June 30 - August 31, 2016
An Act to Establish a National Park Service, 8/25/1916. (General Records of the U.S. Government, National Archives)
Harvey Milk's letter to President Carter
In 1978, San Francisco Supervisor Harvey Milk wrote to President Carter asking for his support in defeating a ballot proposition that would have banned gay men and lesbians from working in California school districts. Milk’s letter and a portion of a speech he gave will be on display
East Rotunda Gallery, April 28 - June 29, 2016
Letter from Harvey Milk from the holdings of the Jimmy Carter Presidential Library
The Civil Rights Act of 1866
The Civil Rights Act of 1866 survived President Andrew Johnson’s veto and was voted into law by a two-thirds majority in both houses of Congress. It was the first attempt at civil rights legislation after the 13th Amendment abolished slavery. Its landmark language attempted to put African Americans on equal footing with whites and paved the way for the 14th Amendment.
After the destruction of the Civil War, some believed Congress was warranted on trying to remove the marks left behind by slavery. The act conveyed the ideals of the Radical Republicans, who saw the end of the Civil War as an opportunity to create an egalitarian society. Opponents argued that this was an unprecedented and unwanted intrusion into local government by the Federal Government.
East Rotunda Gallery, March 3 - April 27, 2016
"An Act to protect all Persons in the United States in their Civil Rights, and furnish the Means of their vindication," April 9, 1866
National Archives, General Records of the U.S. Government
The Tuskegee Airmen: Fighting on Two Fronts
On January 16, 1941, the War Department announced it was creating the nation’s first African American fighter squadron that would train at a new airfield in Tuskegee, Alabama. After graduation from flight school, these pilots—along with their support personnel and later training classes—formed the nation’s first African American fighter unit, whose members became known as Tuskegee Airmen. The Airmen fought for freedom on two fronts: against Nazism in Europe and against discrimination at home. On view are a flight report from a mission flown in support of the Anzio, Italy invasion and a petition sent to the War Department by officers protesting discriminatory practices in the Army Air Forces.
East Rotunda Gallery, January 7, 2016 – March 2, 2016
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This exhibition was created by the National Archives and Records Administration, Washington, DC, with support from the the National Archives Foundation.