Hispanic Heritage Month
We celebrate Hispanic Heritage Month (September 15 to October 15) to recognize the achievements and contributions of Hispanic American champions who have inspired others to achieve success. The observation began in 1968 as Hispanic Heritage Week under President Lyndon Johnson and was expanded by President Ronald Reagan in 1988 to cover a 30-day period. It was enacted into law on August 17, 1988. The theme for 2023 is “Todos Somos, Somos Uno: We Are All, We Are One.”
Soccer player Ruben Mendoza is one of the many athletes featured in All American: The Power of Sports, an exhibit at the National Archives through January 7, 2024.
Explore resources for Hispanic Heritage Month on:
In 2021 we hosted a Virtual Pajama Party for kids aged 8–12 focused on Sylvia & Aki, an inspiring book based on a true story, featuring civil rights activist and title character Sylvia Mendez.
Sylvia Mendez was presented with the Presidential Medal of Freedom by President Barack Obama on February 15, 2011. This video of Mendez was created by the Obama White House to mark the occasion and highlight Mendez's activism and role in the landmark case Mendez v. Westminster School District.
Find documents from the Mendez case file in Docs Teach.
Teaching with Documents is a regular column edited by the National Archives Education Team in the National Council for the Social Studies flagship journal Social Education.
"El Punto es Progresar: Examining Slums and the Puerto Rico Reconstruction Administration," features National Archives photographs in conjunction with a New Deal-era report about Puerto Rico.
Monuments, Manifest Destiny, and Mexico (Prologue magazine, Summer 2005) - The survey of the U.S.-Mexico borderline, which followed the 1848 Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, is sometimes disparagingly referred to as the stuff that "dime novels" are made of. Dime novel it's not; it is more a narrative of nation-building, centered in President James K. Polk's vision of manifest destiny.
The United States Armed Forces and the Mexican Punitive Expedition (Prologue magazine, Fall 1997) - In February 1917, the last of the U.S. troops serving in the Mexican Punitive Expedition recrossed the border from Mexico into United States, nearly a year after Pancho Villa had raided Columbus, New Mexico.
Letter from Mrs. Justina Belpre of San Juan, Puerto Rico, President of the Liga Insular de Mujeres Tripartitas de la Unificacion Puertorriquena, to President Franklin D. Roosevelt, regarding Brig. Gen. Benjamin O. Davis
Documents related to a White House dinner honoring Severo Ochoa, winner of the Nobel Prize and the U.S. National Medal of Science
Lyndon B. Johnson: Proclamation No. 3869-September 17, 1968(inaugural proclamation)
Ronald Reagan: Proclamation 5859-Sep. 13, 1988(last proclamation for National Hispanic Heritage Week)
George H.W. Bush: Proclamation 6021-September 14, 1989(first proclamation about National Hispanic Heritage Month)