Aerial Print Maximum - 4000 Line [AEP-P1]

Record Type Aerial - Prints
Expected Use Preservation Master
Product Name Aerial Print Maximum - 4000 Line [AEP-P1]
Product Purpose

The purpose of this product is to mitigate risk for loss of information and fulfill researcher/user expectations and requests. This file is at an appropriate quality level to substitute for the original record if the original record copy is no longer viable.

Nature of Source Material

Aerial photographic prints (B&W, color, and monochrome) with a size range of Smaller than 8x10 (square area less than or equal to 80 square inches) where there is a need to ensure that all significant visual information is carried forward.

File Properties Data Format

TIFF, version 6.0 (.tif)

Capture Information


  • 8-bit grayscale for B&W
  • 24-bit RGB for monochrome and color

Pixel Array

  • 4000 pixels across the long dimension

Spatial Resolution

  • Calculate from actual image dimensions
    • Approximately 400 ppi for 8" x 10" originals and ranging up to the appropriate resolution to produce the desired size from smaller originals
    • Approximately 570 ppi for 5" x 7"
    • Approximately 800 ppi for 4" x 5" or 3.5" x 5"


  • Match original size; no magnification/reduction

Typical file size: 8 bit grayscale: 12 MB
24 bit RGB: 37 MB

Other Information
Quality Control Quality Assurance and Quality Control for Digital Imaging Products

The Digitization Services Branch’s Quality Assurance and Quality Control (QA/QA) program is evolving as new tools and resources are acquired and implemented. We are moving towards more automated and integrated systems to assure the products we make meet the specifications outlined. Digital products created by the Digitization Services Branch are validated against standardized format specifications and signature files when possible. We use a variety of format specific batch evaluation and validation tools both open source and vendor supplied, to assure technical quality level specifications are met. All files, but especially distribution system specific files, are inspected for successful playback in a variety of tools and environments. Additional quality control workflows are in development.

Equipment/System Evaluation
NARA implements scheduled service and calibration protocols according to manufacturer recommendations as well as on an "as needed" basis.

Embedded metadata: NARA is working on embedded metadata guidelines for all file types.
Technical metadata: NARA is finalizing technical metadata schemas for all file types.

Customer Level Evaluation / Order Completeness

NARA is developing an in house job tracking order system to better coordinate work at the Branch level.

Item Level Evaluation: Automated File Characteristics Analysis
Fixity: NARA is evaluating workflows to create and validate checksums for each digital file.

For additional QC protocols for products created on the Zeutschel Camera System, please see Quality Assurance and Quality Control for Digital Products Created on the Zeutschel Camera Systems


The Photographic Imaging, Microfilm and Textual Preservation Lab uses the uncompressed TIF file format for preservation master files for all the record types it processes. Currently, NARA does not use JPEG 2000 or other means of compression in preservation master files, including LZW compression within TIF files.

Reproduction master files can be either uncompressed TIF or JPG if compression is required.

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