The Formation of Political Parties: Early Animosities

"Petition against the election of Mr. Albert Gallatin," December 2, 1793
National Archives and Records Administration, Records of the U.S. Senate

Albert Gallatin (1761 - 1849)
By Thomas Worthington Whittredge after Gilbert Stuart, ca.1859
Courtesy of the National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution

"Yeas and Nays on the motion of Mr. Burr on the nomination of Mr. Jay," April 19, 1794
National Archives and Records Administration, Records of the U.S. Senate

Drawing of John Jay being hanged in effigy, ca. 1794
Courtesy of the New York State Historical Association, Cooperstown

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