Today’s Document from the National Archives

Document for February 24th:
Marbury v. Madison


Marbury v. Madison

Show-cause order served on James Madison, Secretary of State, 1802; Records of the Supreme Court of the United States; Record Group 267; National Archives.

The decision in this Supreme Court Case established the right of the courts to determine the constitutionality of the actions of the other two branches of government. With his decision in Marbury v. Madison, Chief Justice John Marshall established the principle of judicial review, an important addition to the system of "checks and balances" created to prevent any one branch of the Federal Government from becoming too powerful. The document shown here bears the marks of the Capitol fire of 1898.
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Yesterday's document: February 23rd
Marines Raising the Flag on Iwo Jima

Tomorrow's document: February 25th
Dinner Menu from Nixon's visit to China

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