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1900 Federal Population Census

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Preface

Collectively, the records in the National Archives document the history of the United States government from the First Continental Congress. Most of the records were originally created by the legislative, judicial, or executive branches to satisfy legal obligations or to meet administrative needs. In addition, the records contain information of importance for understanding various aspects of American life, both past and present.

Although no federal record was ever created specifically to fulfill the needs of the genealogist, the holdings of the National Archives have become valuable sources of genealogical information. Perhaps the richest source for genealogists is the information contained in the federal decennial population census schedules.

This catalog is a necessary finding aid for those who wish to order microfilm copies of the 1900 census schedules.

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Introduction

This catalog lists the 1900 Soundex system (reproduced as a separate microfilm publication for each state and territory) and the 1900 population census schedules (reproduced as microfilm publication T623). For a guide to the Soundex system, see Appendix I of this catalog. The census schedules are arranged by state or territory and then by county.

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The 1900 Census Schedules

Federal decennial population census schedules contain a wealth of information for genealogists, historians, and social scientists. Census schedules are of use to the family historian and researcher interested in westward expansion, the status of free and slave labor, regional and local history, immigration, and so forth. Often they provide evidence of citizenship.

The 1900 census consisted originally of seven schedules. Two population schedules were prepared, one for native Americans and one for all other residents. These are the schedules that are reproduced as microfilm publication T623. The five remaining schedules, containing information on agriculture, manufacturers, mortality, and crime, are not available from the National Archives.

As a rule the information gathered in each successive decennial census is progressively more detailed. The 1900 census schedules, which contain the most information of all the schedules released to date, give for each person: name; address; relationship to the head of the household; color or race; sex; month and year of birth; age at last birthday; marital status; if a wife is listed within the household, then the number of years married, number of children born of that marriage, and number of children living; places of birth of each individual and of the parents of each individual; citizenship; if the individual is foreign born, then the year of immigration and the number of years in the United States; the citizenship status of foreign born individuals over age 21; occupation; whether or not person can read, write, and speak English; whether home is owned or rented; whether or not home is a farm; and whether or not home is mortgaged.

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Card Index (Soundex)

A card index to the 1900 census schedules was prepared by the Work Projects Administration during the 1930s. Information was abstracted from the census schedules and placed on filecards.

The cards give name, race, month and year of birth, age, citizenship status, place of residence by state and county, civil division, and, where appropriate for urban dwellers, the city name, house number, and street name. The cards also list the volume number, enumeration district number, and page and line numbers of the original schedules from which the information was taken.

Three types of cards were prepared: household cards; individual cards; and cards for institutions, military posts, naval stations, and U.S. flag vessels.

Household cards show the name of the head of the household, race, month and year of birth, age, birthplace, and citizenship status if foreign born; a street address may be included. The card then lists each member of the household by name and shows the relationship to the head of the household, month and year of birth, age, birthplace, and citizenship status if foreign born. For persons living within the house who were not members of the immediate family of the head of the household, an individual card was also prepared.

Individual cards were prepared for persons living alone; persons living with families who were not immediate members of the family; members of an immediate family but who had different surnames; persons in hotels, boarding and rooming houses, and institutions; persons on military posts and naval ships and at naval stations; and persons enumerated on U.S. flag vessels in all U.S. ports on the first day of the census only. These cards give the individual's name, month and year of birth, age, birthplace, citizenship status, address, name of person or institution with whom enumerated, and any relationship to that person or institution.

Institution, military post, naval station, and U.S. flag vessel cards show only the address of the establishment and the number of persons enumerated. Names of the individual persons are not listed.

The cards are arranged by state or territory (a separate microfilm publication for each) and thereunder by the Soundex system; i.e., alphabetically by the first letter of the surname, thereunder by a code number representing the sound of the surname, and thereunder alphabetically by first name.

A guide for the use of the Soundex system is reproduced as Appendix I to this catalog. Appendix II contains a list of abbreviations used for relationships and citizenship status on the cards.

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Enumeration Districts

Because of errors in names transcribed and because of variant uncommon spellings of a name, the researcher may not be able to locate an entry in the Soundex system for a given head of family or individual living in a specific area. Persons wishing to consult the schedules for a given town, a minor civil division or geographic area, or a ward of a large city need to know the enumeration district numbers assigned to that designated place.

Microfilm Publication T1210: Census Enumeration District Descriptions, 1900

Microfilm Publication T1210, Census Enumeration District Descriptions, 1900, arranged alphabetically by state and thereunder by county, identifies the enumeration district number assigned within states, counties, and cities. The enumeration district boundaries described in T1210 are as they were in 1900. Present-day boundaries may not be the same. Consult local sources if you are not sure.

A list of the rolls for T1210 follows. Prices and ordering procedures for this microfilm publication are the same as for the census schedules and Soundex. Copies of T1210 are also available for researcher use in each of the National Archives regional archives. A list of addresses appears at the end of this introduction.

Roll   States
1 Alabama, Alaska, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Connecticut
2 Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Hawaii, Idaho, Illinois
3 Indian Territory, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas
4 Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts
5 Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana
6 Nebraska, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York (part), supervisor's districts 1-3
7 New York (part), supervisor,s districts 4-19, North Carolina, North Dakota, Ohio
8 Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania
9 Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Vermont
10 Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, Wisconsin, Wyoming

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Other Microfilm Catalogs

This catalog supplements the Federal Population Censuses, 1790-1890, the 1910 Federal Population Census, and the 1920 Federal Population Census catalogs, which contain details for ordering copies of the population schedules for 1790-1920 and of the 1880-1920 Soundexes.

Printed versions of these catalogs can also be ordered. For information about fees and the ordering of these catalogs, please contact Publications Distribution (NECD), National Archives, Room G9, Seventh and Pennsylvania Avenue, NW, Washington, DC 20408; telephone 202-501-7190 or toll-free 1-800-234-8861.

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Microfilm Availability and Access

Microfilmed copies of census records are available at the National Archives Building in Washington, DC, at NARA's 13 regional archives, through the National Archives Microfilm Rental Program, and at many large libraries and genealogical societies that have purchased all or some of the microfilm, and through purchase.

National Archives Microfilm Rental Program

The National Archives Microfilm Rental Program rents microfilm of federal population schedules from 1790 through 1930 and Soundexes from 1880 through 1930. The program also rents microfilm of American Revolutionary War military service records and indexes, pension files, and bounty land warrant files. For a free brochure that describes the program, write or call National Archives Microfilm Rental Program, P.O. Box 30, Annapolis Junction, MD 20701-0030, 301-604-3699.

Ordering Paper Copies by Mail

The National Archives in Washington, DC, can provide paper copies of specifically identified pages of federal population census schedules through the mail. You can order these online or use NATF Form 82 (rev. 1990) and provide the following information: the name of the individual, the page number, census year, state, and county. For the 1880 through 1920 censuses, the enumeration district is also necessary.

Frequently it is possible to use a census index to locate this information. Many private firms have produced statewide indexes to census records for specific years. These generally are available throughout the country in National Archives regional archives and in libraries that have genealogical collections.

Buying the Microfilm

All microfilm publications of National Archives records are for sale. You can buy either individual rolls or a complete set. The 1900 census schedules and Soundex are only available on microfilm.

A check or money order made payable to the National Archives Trust Fund must accompany each order. Orders may also be charged to VISA or MasterCard accounts. Government agencies, educational institutions, and businesses may purchase microfilm on an accounts-receivable basis but must submit purchase orders.

To order, contact:

National Archives Trust Fund
NWCC2
P.O. Box 100793
Atlanta, GA 30384-0793
Telephone: (toll-free) 800-234-8861 or 301-837-2000 (Washington, DC area)
Fax: 301-837-0483

Important ordering and payment details

When ordering microfilm, please state the microfilm publication number; if you are not buying a complete set, also state the specific roll number(s) you wish to purchase.

If you need more information on how to order, details of specific shipping charges, or help identifying which rolls of a publication you wish to purchase, please contact Publications Distribution (NECD), National Archives, Room G9, Seventh and Pennsylvania Avenue, NW, Washington, DC 20408.

Microfilm Specifications

All microfilm sold through the National Archives microfilm publications program is silver-halide positive microfilm. Rolls are 35mm or 16mm reel microfilm on plastic reels. Reduction ratios range from 12.1 to 20.1; the number of frames on each reel varies.

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NARA's Regional Facilities

For current information on hours of operation please call the numbers listed below.

Director
National Archives—Regional Archives System (NSR)
8601 Adelphi Road
College Park, MD
Phone: 202-357-5000

Reference Services - National Archives
7th and Pennsylvania Avenue, NW
Washington, DC 20408
202-357-5000

National Archives at Boston
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Waltham, MA 02452-6399
Phone: 866-406-2379 or 781-663-0127
Areas Served: Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Vermont

National Archives at New York City
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New York, NY 10004
Phone: 212-401-1620
Areas Served: New Jersey, New York, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands

National Archives at Philadelphia
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Philadelphia, PA 19154
Phone: 215-606-0112
Areas Served: Delaware, Pennsylvania, Maryland, Virginia, and West Virginia

National Archives at Atlanta
1557 St. Joseph Avenue
East Point, GA 30344
Phone: 404-763-7477
Areas Served: Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Tennessee

National Archives at Chicago
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Chicago, IL 60629
Phone: 312-581-7816
Areas Served: Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Minnesota, Ohio, and Wisconsin

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Kansas City, MO 64108
Phone: 816-268-8000
Areas Served: Iowa, Kansas, Missouri, and Nebraska

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P.O. Box 6216
Fort Worth, TX 76115
Phone: 817-334-5525
Areas Served: Arkansas, Louisiana, New Mexico, Oklahoma, and Texas

National Archives at Denver
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Broomfield, CO 80023
303-604-4740
Areas Served: Colorado, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Utah, and Wyoming

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Phone: (951) 956-2000

Areas Served: Arizona; southern California counties of Imperial, Inyo, Kern, Los Angeles, Orange, Riverside, San Bernardino, San Diego, San Luis Obispo, Santa Barbara, and Ventura; and Clark County, Nevada

National Archives at San Francisco
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Phone: 415-876-9009
Areas Served: North California, Hawaii, Nevada (except Clark County), American Samoa, and the Pacific Ocean area

National Archives at Seattle
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Seattle, WA 98115
Phone: 206-526-6507
Areas Served: Alaska, Idaho, Oregon, and Washington

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Appendix I.

The Soundex Coding System

Every Soundex code consists of a letter and three numbers, suchas S-650. The letter is always the first letter of the surname, whether it is a vowel or a consonant. Disregard the remaining vowels and W, Y, and H, and assign numbers to the next three consonants of the surname according to the Soundex coding guide found below. If there are not three consonants following the initial letter, use zeros to fill out the three-digit code. For example, Lee would be coded as L-000.

Most surnames can be coded using the Soundex coding guide.




Code     Key Letters and Equivalents



 1       b, p, f, v



 2       c, s, k, g, j, q, x, z



 3       d, t



 4       l



 5       m, n



 6       r

Names with prefixes, double letters, or side-by-side letters that have the same number of the Soundex coding system as well as Native American, Asian, and female religious figure names are described below.

Names with Prefixes

If the surname has a prefix, such as van, Von, De, Di, or Le, code it both with and without the prefix because it might be listed under either code. The surname vanDevanter, for example, could be V-531 or D-153.

Mc and Mac are not considered prefixes.

Names with Double Letters

If the surname has any double letters, they should be treated as one letter. Thus, in the surname Lloyd, the second L should be crossed out; in the surname Gutierrez, the second R should be crossed out.

Names with Side-by-Side Letters

A surname may have different letters that are side by side and have the same number on the Soundex coding guide; for example, PF in Pfister (1 is the number for both P and F); CKS in Jackson (2 is the number for C, K, and S). These letters should be treated as one letter. Thus in the name Pfister, F should be crossed out; in the name Jackson, K and S should be crossed out.

Native American and Asian Names

A phonetically spelled Native American or Asian name was sometimes coded as if it were one continuous name. If a distinguishable surname was given, the name may have been coded in the normal manner. For example, Dances with Wolves might have been coded as Dances (D-522) or as Wolves (W-412), or the name Shinka-Wa-Sa may have been coded as Shinka (S-520) or Sa (S-000). If Soundex cards do not yield expected results, researchers should consider other surname spellings or variations on coding names.

Female Religious Figures

Nuns or other female religious figures with names such as Sister Veronica may have been members of households or heads of households or institutions where a child or children age 10 or under resided. Because many of these religious figures do not use a surname, the Soundexes frequently use the code S-236, for Sister, whether or not a surname exists.

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Appendix II

Abbreviations and Terms Used in Soundex Cards



A ........ Aunt



Ad ....... Adopted



AdCl ..... Adopted child



AdD ...... Adopted daughter



AdGcl .... Adopted grandchild



AdM ...... Adopted mother



AdS ...... Adopted son



Al ....... Aunt-in-law



Ap ....... Apprentice



Asst ..... Assistant



At ....... Attendant



B ........ Brother



Bar ...... Bartender



BBoy ..... Bound boy



BGirl .... Bound girl



Bl ....... Brother-in-law



Bo ....... Boarder



Boy ...... Boy



Bu ....... Butler



C ........ Cousin



Cap ...... Captain



Cha ...... Chamber Maid



Cil ...... Cousin-in-law



Cl ....... Child



Coa ...... Coachman



Com ...... Companion



Cook ..... Cook



D ........ Daughter



Dl ....... Daughter-in-law



Dla ...... Day laborer



Dom ...... Domestic



Dw ....... Dish washer



Emp ...... Employee



En ....... Engineer



F ........ Father



FaH ...... Farm hand



FaL ...... Farm laborer



FaW ...... Farm worker



FB ....... Foster brother



FF ....... Foster father



Fi ....... Fireman



First C .. First cousin



FL ....... Father-in-law



FM ....... Foster mother



FoB ...... Foster brother



FoS ...... Foster son



FoSi ..... Foster sister



GA ....... Great aunt



Gcl ...... Grandchild



GD ....... Granddaughter



GF ....... Grandfather



GGF ...... Great-grandfather



GGGF ..... Great-great-grandfather



GGGM ..... Great-great-grandmother



GGM ...... Great-grandmother



GM ....... Grandmother



Gml ...... Grandmother-in-law   



GN ....... Grand or great nephew



GNi ...... Grand or great niece



Go ....... Governess



God Cl ... God child



GS ....... Grandson



Gsl ...... Grand son-in-law



GU ....... Great uncle



Gua ...... Guardian



Guest .... Guest



Hb ....... Half brother



Hbl ...... Half brother-in-law



He ....... Herder



Help ..... Help



H.Gi ..... Hired girl



Hh ....... Hired hand



Hk ....... Housekeeper



Hlg ...... Hireling



Hm ....... Hired man



HMaid .... Housemaid



HSi ...... Half sister



HSil ..... Half sister-in-law



Husband .. Husband



Hw ....... Houseworker



I ........ Inmate



L ........ Lodger



La ....... Laborer



Lau ...... Launderer



M ........ Mother



Maid ..... Maid



Man ...... Manager



Mat ...... Matron



ML ....... Mother-in-law



N ........ Nephew



Ni ....... Niece



Nil ...... Niece-in-law



Nl ....... Nephew-in-law



Nu ....... Nurse



O ........ Officer



P ........ Patient



Pa ....... Partner



Ph ....... Physician



Por ...... Porter



Pr ....... Prisoner



Pri ...... Principal



Prv ...... Private



Pu ....... Pupil



R ........ Roomer



S ........ Son



Sa ....... Sailor



Sal ...... Saleslady



Sb ....... Stepbrother



Sbl ...... Step brother-in-law



Scl ...... Step child



Sd ....... Stepdaugther



Sdl ...... Step daughter-in-law



Se ....... Servant



Se.Cl .... Servant's child



Sf ....... Stepfather



Sfl ...... Step father-in-law



Sgd ...... Step granddaughter



Sgs ...... Step grandson



Si ....... Sister



Sl ....... Son-in-law



Sm ....... Stepmother



Sml ...... Step mother-in-law



Ss ....... Stepson



Ssi ...... Stepsister



Ssil ..... Step sister-in-law



Ssl ...... Step son-in-law



Su ....... Superintendent



Ten ...... Tenant



U ........ Uncle



Ul ....... Uncle-in-law



Vi ....... Visitor



W ........ Wife



Wa ....... Warden



Wai ...... Waitress



Ward ..... Ward



Wkm ...... Workman



Wt ....... Waiter



National Archives Trust Fund Board
Washington, DC
Revised 1996

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