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Teaching With Documents:
The Fight for Equal Rights: Black Soldiers in the Civil War

Medal of Honor Recipient

Sergeant William Carney of New Bedford, MA, became the first African American awarded the Medal of Honor for "most distinguished gallantry in action" during the assault on Fort Wagner, South Carolina, on July 18, 1863. After being shot in the thigh, Carney crawled uphill on his knees, bearing the Union flag and urging his troops to follow.

 
Recommendation for Trial, Pvt. Sylvester Ray
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Detachment Muster Roll, Pvt. Sylvester Ray
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National Archives and
Records Administration
Compiled Service Records,
Records of the Adjutant General's Office,
1780's-1917, RG 94

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