Information Security Oversight Office (ISOO)

History of the Information Security Oversight Office (ISOO):

President Jimmy Carter established ISOO with the signing of Executive Order 12065, "National Security Information," on December 1, 1978. ISOO replaced the Interagency Classification Review Committee (ICRC) which was created by Executive Order 11652, "Classification and Declassification of National Security Information and Material," issued by President Richard Nixon in 1972. The ICRC was composed of representatives from the Departments of Defense, Justice and State, the predecessor to the Department of Energy, the Atomic Energy Commission, and the Central Intelligence Agency. John Eisenhower chaired the ICRC, which met monthly at the White House.

When Mr. Eisenhower resigned in 1975, the administrative function of the ICRC was moved to the then National Archives and Records Service, a component of the General Services Administration, with the Archivist of the United States, James Rhodes, named as acting chairman.

1975-1980
Former Congressman Michael Blouin from Iowa served as the first Director of ISOO.

1980-2002
President Carter appoints Steven Garfinkel as ISOO's second Director, who served in the position until his retirement in January 2002.

2002-2008
On May 2, 2002, President Bush appoints J. William Leonard as ISOO's third Director, who served in the position until his retirement in January 2008.

2008-2011
On April 14, 2008, President Bush appoints William J. Bosanko as ISOO's fourth Director, who served in the position until March 26, 2011.

2011
July 20, 2011, President Obama appoints John P. Fitzpatrick as ISOO's fifth Director, the appointment became effective August 1, 2011.

Information Security Oversight Office (ISOO) >

The U.S. National Archives and Records Administration
1-86-NARA-NARA or 1-866-272-6272

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