Records of the Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine
(RECORD GROUP 7)
Table of Contents
- 7.1 ADMINISTRATIVE HISTORY
- 7.2 RECORDS OF THE DIVISION AND BUREAU OF ENTOMOLOGY
497 lin. ft.
- 7.3 RECORDS OF THE BUREAU OF PLANT QUARANTINE AND ITS
389 lin. ft.
- 7.3.1 General records
- 7.3.2 Records of the Branch of Foreign Plant Quarantines
- 7.3.3 Records of the Branch of Domestic Plant Quarantines
- 7.4 RECORDS OF THE BUREAU OF ENTOMOLOGY AND PLANT QUARANTINE
306 lin. ft.
- 7.5 RECORDS OF OPERATING DIVISIONS OF THE DIVISION AND BUREAU OF
ENTOMOLOGY AND OF THE BUREAU OF ENTOMOLOGY AND PLANT QUARANTINE
804 lin. ft.
- 7.5.1 Records of the Division of Bee Culture
- 7.5.2 Records of the Division of Cereal and Forage Insects
- 7.5.3 Records of the Division of Control Investigations
- 7.5.4 Records of the Division of Fruit Insect Investigations
- 7.5.5 Records of the Insect Identification and Parasite
- 7.5.6 Records of the Plant Quarantine Division
- 7.5.7 Records of the Division of Southern Field-Crop Insect
- 7.5.8 Records of the Division of Taxonomic Investigations
- 7.5.9 Records of the Division of Tropical and Subtropical Fruit
- 7.5.10 Records of the Pink Bollworm and Thurberia Weevil Control
- 7.5.11 Records of the Plant Disease Control Division
- 7.5.12 Records of other divisions
- 7.6 CARTOGRAPHIC RECORDS (GENERAL)
- 7.7 MOTION PICTURES (GENERAL)
- 7.8 SOUND RECORDINGS (GENERAL)
- 7.9 STILL PICTURES (GENERAL)
Established: In the Department of Agriculture, effective July 1, 1934, by the Agricultural Appropriation Act (48 Stat. 486), March 26, 1934.
- Office of Entomologist, Agricultural Section, Patent Office
- Division of Entomology (1863-1904)
- Bureau of Entomology (1904-34)
- Federal Horticultural Board (1912-28)
- Plant Quarantine and Control Administration (PQCA, 1928-32)
- Bureau of Plant Quarantine (1932-34)
Functions: Studied and controlled insects in cooperation with the states to prevent plant diseases. Enforced the Plant Quarantine, Insect Pest, Honeybees Importation, Mexican Border Inspection, and Export Certification Acts, and, in cooperation with the Post Office, the Terminal Inspection Act.
Abolished: By Secretary of Agriculture's Memorandum No. 1320, suppl. 4, November 2, 1953.
Successor Agencies: Entomology Research, Plant Pest Control, and Plant Quarantine Branches of the Agricultural Research Service. Forest Insect Research and Blister Rust Control Divisions of the Forest Service.
Finding Aids: Harold T. Pinkett, comp., Records of the Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine, PI 94 (1956); William T. Sherman, comp., "Preliminary Inventory of the Records of the Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine Supplementary to National Archives Preliminary Inventory No. 94," NC 136 (Nov. 1965).
Related Records: Record copies of the publications of the Bureau
of Entomology and Plant Quarantine and its predecessors in RG
287, Publications of the U.S. Government.
Records of the Forest Service, RG 95.
Records of the Agricultural Research Service, RG 310.
History: Division of Entomology established in the Department of Agriculture in 1863, confirmed by statute on June 19, 1878 (20 Stat. 204), and redesignated the Bureau of Entomology by the Agricultural Appropriation Act (33 Stat. 289), April 23, 1904. Consolidated with the Bureau of Plant Quarantine to form the Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine, 1934. SEE 7.1.
Textual Records: Correspondence, 1878-1934. Letters and reports from field agents, 1881-1907. Notes of the Division of Entomology relating to the history and description of insects, 1863-1903, and to entomological specimens collected in Florida, 1881-82. Letters received relating to grasshopper fungus, 1901-2, and silk culture, 1883 and 1901-4. Correspondence relating to investigations of gypsy and browntail moths, 1905-8.
Microfilm Publications: M864.
History: Federal Horticultural Board established, effective August 21, 1912, by the Plant Quarantine Act (37 Stat. 315), August 20, 1912. Abolished, effective July 1, 1928, by the Agricultural Appropriation Act (45 Stat. 565), May 16, 1928, which created the Plant Quarantine and Control Administration. PQCA redesignated Bureau of Plant Quarantine by the Agricultural Appropriation Act (47 Stat. 640), July 7, 1932. Consolidated with the Bureau of Entomology to form the Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine, 1934. SEE 7.1.
Textual Records: Minutes and correspondence of the Federal Horticultural Board, 1912-28. Minutes of conferences of the PQCA and the Bureau of Entomology, including sessions of the advisory Federal Plant Quarantine Board, concerning plant quarantine measures, 1929-34. Regulations governing the movement of plants and plant products, 1913-32. Records relating to the eradication of the Mediterranean fruit fly, 1929-31. Records relating to quarantines 1-75, 1912-52, and sample records showing typical operations under plant quarantine 37, 1919-32. Records concerning insect identification and parasite introduction, 1919-43. Control files relating to the European corn borer, 1928-50.
Textual Records: Correspondence relating to the work of inspectors at major U.S. ports and important Mexico-Texas border locations, 1913-28.
Textual Records: Correspondence relating to insects and plant diseases, 1928-51; and to the control of the pink bollworm and thurberia, 1912-28. Monthly reports of the Pink Bollworm Field Service, 1923-27. Correspondence with state officials, 1935-39. Project files relating to the sweet potato weevil, 1936-51; phony disease and peach mosaic, 1929-52; and white fringe beetle, 1936- 52.
Textual Records: Correspondence, 1934-53. Transcripts of minutes, 1925-51. Office files of the bureau chief, 1880-1950, and assistant chief and other officials, 1931-53. Narrative reports of divisions, 1927-53. Records of the Mediterranean Fruit Fly Board, 1929-46. A data file, 1933-51, on a Food and Drug Administration hearing on tolerance of insecticide residue in or on fresh fruits and vegetables. Correspondence with state and federal agencies, 1934-51. Project files on Dutch elm disease, 1935-50. Annual reports (bound volumes) of truck crop and garden insect investigations and sugar beet insect investigations, 1944- 56. Technical program correspondence, unpublished manuscripts, and reports, 1950-53.
Sound Recordings (1 item): Leland O. Howard, 1939.
Photographic Prints (26 images): Imported fire ant infestation in southwestern Alabama showing ants, ant mounds, crop damage and the use of insectides, 1950-51. SEE ALSO 7.9.
Photographic Prints and Negatives (3,500 images): Individual and group portraits, including some photographs of 18th-century artworks, of U.S. and foreign natural scientists, particularly Department of Agriculture entomologists, assembled or taken by Bureau Chief Leland O. Howard, 1868-1940 (H). SEE ALSO 7.9.
Finding Aids: Name index to photographic series H.
Textual Records: Letters sent, 1922-32. Office files, 1936-51.
Textual Records: Letters and reports of Francis M. Webster, 1881- 1908. Notes on field investigations, 1903-34. Reports from field stations, 1918-46. Reports and correspondence on various subjects, 1933-46.
Textual Records: Reports and correspondence, 1929-51.
Textual Records: Reports and correspondence concerning research by U.S. field stations and reports from division employees working in foreign countries, 1907-51.
Textual Records: Correspondence, 1887-1950. General records, 1919-52.
Textual Records: General correspondence and reports, insect and disease files, and trip reports, 1927-51. Violation cases, 1926- 41. Newsletters, 1914-37.
Textual Records: Correspondence, 1894-1924. Newspaper clippings relating to the boll weevil, 1901-12.
Textual Records: Correspondence and lepidoptera notebooks of William Barnes, 1910-29.
Textual Records: Correspondence relating to investigations of the white fly, 1906-9, and citrus fruit insects in California, 1914- 21.
Textual Records: Field reports and other records, 1930-50. Correspondence, reports, and other records of the San Antonio, TX, field office, 1922-51 (in Fort Worth).
Textual Records: Program correspondence; field, progress, and technical reports; and other records, 1923-52. Blister rust control records of the Oakland, CA, regional office, 1936-44 (in San Francisco).
Textual Records: Correspondence, reports, and other records relating to special projects and activities of the Divisions of Cooperative Field Relations, 1936-42; Cotton Insect Investigations, 1900-52; Foreign Parasite Control, 1935-39; Fruit Fly Investigations, 1917-51; Grasshopper Control, 1934-51; Gypsy and Browntail Moth Control, 1927-51; Japanese Beetle Control, 1928-51; Mexican Fruit Fly Control, 1928-51; and Screwworm Control, 1934-51.
Subject Access Terms: Pests.
Maps: Prepared by the Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine and its predecessors, showing distribution of pest infestations and plant diseases in the United States and the status of projects to eradicate them, most relating to the Mediterranean fruit fly eradication campaign in Florida, 1930-33.
Film, made by Purdue University with the Department of Agriculture, demonstrating methods for control of the codling moth, 1933-34.
Photographs: Documenting experiments at the Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine research station in Moorestown, NJ, for developing methods of controlling larva and adult Japanese beetles and other insect pests, and consisting of prints and negatives showing insects, damage to trees and plants by insects, and control methods and equipment, 1920-39; and photographic copies of anatomical drawings of insects, of maps of quarantine areas and insect distribution, and of graphs and charts, with a few as early as 1918 and as late as 1954 (B, 8,800 images). Photographic prints and negatives of insects, taken in different cities, showing various insects and equipment used in controlling them, including crop dusting planes, 1919-54 (EPQ, 1,444 images). Photographic negatives of corn, n.d. (T, 180 images). Photographic negatives of cotton insect pests and cotton crop dusting, 1904-26 (CI, 37 images).
SEE Photographic Prints UNDER 7.4.
SEE Photographic Prints and Negatives UNDER 7.4.
Finding Aids: Box subject list for series B; caption list by negative number for series EPQ.
Bibliographic note: Web version based on Guide to Federal Records in the National Archives of the United States. Compiled by Robert B. Matchette et al. Washington, DC: National Archives and Records Administration, 1995.
3 volumes, 2428 pages.
This Web version is updated from time to time to include records processed since 1995.