Records of the Foreign Economic Administration [FEA]
(Record Group 169)
Table of Contents
- 169.1 ADMINISTRATIVE HISTORY
- 169.2 RECORDS OF THE PRESIDENT'S LIAISON COMMITTEE 1939-41
- 169.3 RECORDS OF THE DIVISION OF DEFENSE AID REPORTS AND THE OFFICE OF LEND-LEASE ADMINISTRATION 1939-47 (bulk 1941-44)
- 169.3.1 General records
- 169.3.2 Records of the Office of the Administrator
- 169.3.3 Records of the Office of Foreign Liaison
- 169.3.4 Records of the Requirements Control Division, Office of Operations
- 169.3.5 Records of the Transportation and Storage Division, Office of Operations
- 169.3.6 Records of the Procurement Control and Materials Distribution Division, Office of Operations
- 169.3.7 Records of the Division of Finance and Statistics
- 169.3.8 Records relating to a history of lend-lease
- 169.4 RECORDS OF THE OFFICE OF ECONOMIC WARFARE AND ITS PREDECESSORS 1940-43
- 169.4.1 General records
- 169.4.2 Records of the Office of Exports
- 169.5 RECORDS OF THE OFFICE OF FOREIGN RELIEF AND REHABILITATION OPERATIONS 1942-45
- 169.6 GENERAL RECORDS OF THE FOREIGN ECONOMIC ADMINISTRATION 1940-47
- 169.6.1 Records of the Administrator
- 169.6.3 Records of the Office of Finance
- 169.6.4 Records of the Office of Economic Programs
- 169.6.5 Records of the Office of Management Services
- 169.6.6 Records of the Office of the General Counsel
- 169.6.7 Records of the Records Analysis Division
- 169.7 RECORDS OF THE BUREAU OF SUPPLIES, FEA 1940-47
- 169.7.1 Records of the Office of the Executive Director
- 169.7.2 Records of the Requirements and Supply Branch
- 169.7.3 Records of the Petroleum Division of the Requirements and Supply Branch
- 169.7.4 Records of the Office of Food Programs
- 169.7.5 Records of the Transportation and Storage Branch
- 169.7.6 Records of the Property Disposal Branch
- 169.7.7 Records of the Foreign Procurement and Development Branch
- 169.8 GENERAL RECORDS OF THE BUREAU OF AREAS, FEA 1942-45
- 169.8.1 Records of the Office of the Executive Director
- 169.8.2 Records relating to economic intelligence
- 169.8.3 Records of the Enemy Branch
- 169.9 RECORDS OF THE BRITISH EMPIRE AND MIDDLE EAST BRANCH, BUREAU OF AREAS, FEA 1941-47
- 169.9.1 Records of the Office of the Director
- 169.9.2 Records of the United Kingdom and British Colonies Division
- 169.9.3 Records of the Dominions Division
- 169.9.4 Records of the Southeast Asia Division
- 169.9.5 Records of the Middle East Division
- 169.9.6 Records of the Turkish Division
- 169.10 RECORDS OF OTHER GEOGRAPHICAL AREA BRANCHES, BUREAU OF AREAS, FEA 1941-47
- 169.10.1 Records of the Pan American Branch
- 169.10.2 Records of the Far East and Other Territories Branch
- 169.10.3 Records of the European Branch
- 169.10.4 Records of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics Branch
- 169.10.5 Records of the Liberated Areas Branch
- 169.10.6 Records of the Blockade Division of the Special Areas Branch
- 169.11 RECORDS OF CARGOES, INCORPORATED 1941-45
- 169.12 RECORDS OF FEA SPECIAL MISSIONS 1941-44
- 169.12.1 Records of the Harriman Mission to London and the Mission for Economic Affairs
- 169.12.2 Records of the Special Mission to the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics
- 169.13 CARTOGRAPHIC RECORDS (GENERAL)
- 169.14 STILL PICTURES (GENERAL)
Established: In the Office for Emergency Management (OEM) by EO 9380, September 25, 1943, to centralize foreign economic functions.
- Interdepartmental Committee for Coordination of Foreign and Domestic Military Purchases (President's Liaison Committee, 1939- 41)
- Division of Defense Aid Reports, OEM (1941)
- Office of Lend-Lease Administration (OLLA), OEM (1941-43)
- Office of the Administrator of Export Control (1940-41)
- Economic Defense Board (1941)
- Board of Economic Warfare (1941-43)
- Office of Economic Warfare, OEM (1943)
- Office of Foreign Relief and Rehabilitation Operations, Department of State (DOS, 1942-43)
- Office of Arms and Munitions Control, DOS (1935-38)
- Division of Controls, DOS (1938-41)
- Board of Economic Operations, DOS (1941-43)
- Office of Foreign Economic Coordination, DOS (1943)
Functions: Controlled commercial exports and imports and other aspects of foreign economic affairs. Conducted related economic analysis.
Abolished: By EO 9630, September 27, 1945.
Successor Agencies: Department of State (lend-lease and activities in liberated and enemy countries), Department of Commerce (export control administration), Department of Agriculture (food programs), and the Reconstruction Finance Corporation (foreign procurement and development programs and preclusive buying operations).
Finding Aids: H. Stephen Helton, comp., Preliminary Inventory of the Records of the Foreign Economic Administration, PI 29 (1951); supplement in National Archives microfiche edition of preliminary inventories.
Security-Classified Records: This record group may include material that is security-classified.
Related Records: Record copies of publications of the Foreign Economic Administration in RG 287, Publications of the U.S. Government.
Subject Access Terms: World War II agency.
History: Interdepartmental Committee for Coordination of Foreign and Domestic Military Purchases, commonly known as the President's Liaison Committee, established by Presidential directive, December 6, 1939, to represent the government in matters relating to military or naval purchases made in the United States by foreign governments. Dissolved in accordance with Presidential letter to the Secretary of the Treasury, April 14, 1941, following approval of the Lend-Lease Act (55 Stat. 31), March 11, 1941. SEE 169.3.
Textual Records: Office file of the Chairman, 1939-40. Correspondence concerning British Purchasing Mission orders and negotiations, 1940-41. Foreign priority request case files, 1940- 41.
History: Division of Defense Aid Reports established in OEM, May 2, 1941, to administer the Lend-Lease Act. Abolished by EO 8926, October 28, 1941, and its functions, personnel, and records transferred to OLLA. OLLA consolidated into FEA, 1943. SEE 169.1.
Textual Records: Country file, 1940-43. Subject file, with index, 1941-43.
Related Records: Record copies of publications of the Office of Lend-Lease Administration in RG 287, Publications of the U.S. Government.
Textual Records: General subject and geographic files of the Administrator and the Senior Deputy Administrator, 1941-43. Records of the Planning and Development Staff, including subject and geographical files, 1941-43, and a series of lend-lease studies, 1943. General and subject files of the Deputy Administrator, Operations, and his executive assistant, 1942-43. General file and legal memorandums of the Office of the General Counsel, 1941-43.
Textual Records: Subject and other files of the Senior Assistant Administrator, 1941-44. Subject files of the Assistant Administrator of the British Empire Division, 1942-44; and of the Canada, India, South Africa, and British Colonies Branch, 1942- 43. Records of the Caribbean Branch and the Turkey Branch of the Other United Nations Division, 1941-43. Records of the Liberated Areas Division and its predecessor, the Reoccupation Division, 1942-44. Records of the Requisition Control Section, 1941-42.
Textual Records: General and geographic files of the Office of the Chief, 1941-43. Country and commodity requirements files of the Program Officer, 1942. Commodity, subject, country, and committee files of the Food and Agricultural Machinery Branch, 1942-44. Records of the Materials and Products Branch, and its Industrial Equipment Section; Petroleum Section; and Statistics, Records, and Research Section, 1942-44. General file and controlled materials requirements file of the Controlled Materials Branch, 1943.
Textual Records: General file and port reports, 1942-43. Subject file, 1941-43, including minutes of the Port Conditions Committee and the Priorities and Allocations Advisory Committee to the Combined Shipping Adjustment Board.
Textual Records: Minutes and agenda of the Munitions Assignment Committee (Ground), April-December 1943, and the Joint Aircraft Committee, January 1943-January 1944.
Textual Records: General file, 1941-42, and a reading file, 1941- 43, of the Assistant Administrator. Purchase negotiation reports and lend-lease statistics of the Statistics Branch, 1941-42. Records of the Finance Branch, 1941-44, including lend-lease progress reports, general file of the Accounts Section, cash reimbursement transfer reports, and procurement agency reports. Records of the Administrative Branch, 1941-43.
History: Project for Lend-Lease Historian to document history of lend-lease activities authorized by Presidential letter, March 4, 1942. Function, personnel, and records transferred to Records Analysis Division, Office of the Budget and Administrative Planning, FEA, pursuant to EO 9380, September 25, 1943, and, upon termination of FEA, 1945, to Office of the Foreign Liquidation Commissioner, Department of State.
Textual Records: Typescript, "History of Lend-Lease," and supporting documents, 1939-47. Minutes of meetings of Lend-Lease Policy Committee, 1942-43; Executive Staff, 1942-43; Executive Policy Committee, 1944-45; and Clearance Committee, 1942-46. Policy notebooks, 1942-45. Allocation letters, 1941-46. Export reports and reports on operations, 1941-46.
Photographs (461 images): Effect of lend-lease materials on the war effort in recipient countries, Congressional hearings on lend-lease, and lend-lease meetings, 1941-45 (L). SEE ALSO 169.14.
History: Office of Administrator of Export Control established by Presidential Proclamation 2413, July 2, 1940, to administer export licensing provisions of the act of July 2, 1940 (54 Stat. 714). Abolished by EO 8900, September 15, 1941, and functions transferred to the Economic Defense Board, which had been established by EO 8839, July 30, 1941, to develop policies and programs to strengthen U.S. international economic relations. Name changed to Board of Economic Warfare by EO 8982, December 17, 1941. Abolished by EO 9361, July 15, 1943, and functions transferred to newly created Office of Economic Warfare, OEM, which also assumed control of U.S. Commercial Company, Rubber Development Corporation, Petroleum Reserves Corporation, and Export-Import Bank of Washington from the Reconstruction Finance Corporation. Consolidated into FEA, 1943. SEE 169.1.
Textual Records: Central subject and geographic files, July 1940- June 1942 (132 ft.). General file of the Information Division, 1940-41. Records of the Office of the General Counsel, 1941-43.
Related Records: Record copies of publications of the Office of Economic Warfare in RG 287, Publications of the U.S. Government.
Textual Records: Memorandums, cables, and other records of the Country Program Branch, 1943. General file of the Requirements Branch, 1942.
History: Established in the Department of State, December 4, 1942, pursuant to a Presidential letter of December 3, 1942, to administer programs for the relief of war victims in liberated areas. Consolidated into FEA, 1943. SEE 169.1.
Textual Records: General subject file, 1942-43. Letters sent, 1943. Interoffice memorandums, 1943. Records assembled by the office historian for an agency history, 1942-45, including some records relating to the United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration, 1943-45.
History: Office of Arms and Munitions Control established in the Department of State to administer provisions of Joint Resolution 67 (49 Stat. 1081), August 31, 1935, which established a National Munitions Control Board to consist of the Secretaries of State, War, the Treasury, the Navy, and Commerce, and imposed registration and licensing requirements on arms and munitions importers and exporters. Redesignated Division of Controls, November 22, 1938, pursuant to an act of June 8, 1938 (52 Stat. 631), which provided for registration of foreign agents in the United States. Issued licenses, in accordance with directives from the Office of the Administrator of Export Control, to exporters of such defense materials as had been subjected to export control by Presidential Proclamation 2413, July 2, 1940, pursuant to the Export Control Act (54 Stat. 714), July 2, 1940. Licensing function transferred to Economic Defense Board, September 15, 1941. Division of Controls abolished, October 8, 1941, with residual functions, except registration of foreign agents, to Board of Economic Operations, established by departmental order, October 7, 1941, with responsibility for State Department functions relating to foreign economic affairs. Board abolished by departmental order, June 24, 1943, with functions to newly established Office of Foreign Economic Coordination. Office abolished by departmental order, November 6, 1943, pursuant to EO 9380, which consolidated its functions and personnel with those of Office of Lend-Lease Administration (SEE 169.3), Office of Economic Warfare (SEE 169.4), and Office of Foreign Relief and Rehabilitation Operations (SEE 169.5), to create FEA. SEE 169.1.
Textual Records: Geographic and subject files, 1942-45. General letters sent, 1942-45. Letters sent to field representatives in foreign countries and to other government agencies, 1942-45. Records relating to the GEM project, 1942-45.
Textual Records: General and reference files of the Statistics Division, 1941-46. Registers of export licenses granted and denied, 1941-45. Controlled materials ledgers, 1942-46.
Textual Records: Central subject and geographic files, 1942-45. General and subject files of the Commodity Arrangements Staff, 1944-45. Records of the Business Organizations Staff relating to monopolies and cartels, 1942-45. Subject and geographic files, and special reports and analyses on supplies and resources, of the Foreign Economic Development Staff, 1942-45. General files and other records of the Lend-Lease and Foreign Finance Staffs, 1943-45; Programs and Reports Staff, 1944-45; Supply and Resources Service, 1942-45; and U.S. Trade Staff, 1944-45.
Textual Records: Records of the Intelligence Clearance Officer, 1943-44. Records of the Communications Division, 1942-45.
Textual Records: Central correspondence, 1943-45. Lend-lease file, 1942-45. Netherlands lend-lease liquidation papers, 1941- 47. Records of the general counsel, assistant general counsels, and FEA branch counsels, 1941-45.
Textual Records: Historical files, 1940-46, including monographs, organization charts, issuances, budget materials, research reports, and economic studies. Records relating to export controls, 1940-45.
Photographs (2,220 images): Procurement and development of agricultural and mineral commodities, 1941-45 (GA, 1,816 images). Cinchona production in Guatemala, 1943-44 (C, 356 images). Aerial photographs of forestry plantations, n.d. (AP, 48 images). SEE ALSO 169.14.
Textual Records: General files of the Executive and Deputy Directors, 1943-45. General and country files of the economic adviser, 1942-45. Technical assistance subject and country files of the Engineering Service, 1942-46.
Textual Records: Central subject and geographic files, 1942-45. Letters and memorandums, 1942-45. Records of the Office of the Director, 1942-46. Records of the Program Coordination Staff, including subject and geographic files, 1942-47; program determinations records for British Caribbean colonies, 1944-45; commodity requirements schedules and estimates, 1944-46; committee file, 1941-44; and a file of the Liberated Areas Representative, 1943-44. Central and commodity files, 1940-45, and Compensation Claims Board case files, 1940-46, of the Requisition Section, Operations Division. Records of the Projects Division, including a project file, 1943-45; and correspondence and other records of the Mining Section, 1941-45. General file and correspondence of the Bunkers and Ships Stores Section, 1942-45; and general file of the Technical Data Section, 1942-45, of the General Products Division. Subject and country files of the Health Supplies and Chemicals Division, 1942-45. Subject file of the Machinery Division, 1943-45; and records of the Machine Tools and Radio Section, 1941-45.
Textual Records: Central subject, geographic, and statistical files, 1941-45. Records of the Allied and Neutral Section relating to petroleum lend-lease for China, 1943-45. General file of the Middle East Section, 1943-45. Records of the Materials Section, 1942-45, including general, subject, petroleum projects, and petroleum geology files. Enemy oil reports and other records of the Enemy Section, 1942-45. Records of the Enemy Oil Committee, 1942-45; Foreign Oil Committee, 1942-44; Petroleum Committee for Liberated Areas, 1944-45; and Bunker Control Committee, 1942-45.
Textual Records: General and commodity files, and minutes of meetings, 1942-45. General file of the Supply Analysis Division, 1945. Records of the Food Allocations Division, 1942-45; and the Agricultural Supplies and Equipment Allocations Division, 1944- 45.
Textual Records: Transportation Division monthly shipping program records, 1942-44. General file of the Air Transport Division, 1942-44.
Textual Records: Surplus property disposal files, 1943-44.
Textual Records: Records concerning the importation of goatskins, 1942-44.
Textual Records: Country, subject, and lend-lease files, 1942-45. Records of the Area Program Coordination Staff, including additional country, subject, and lend-lease files, 1942-45.
Maps (1,992 items): Numerical map file consisting of published thematic maps, charts, and graphs of world regions and countries assembled by the Maps and Graphics Division, Office of the Executive Director (formerly the Cartographic Section, Board of Economic Warfare and Office of Economic Warfare), in cooperation with the Office of Statistic Services and the State Department, illustrating distribution of economic resources, minerals, metals, other commodities available to the Allied and Axis powers (especially from South America, Africa, and the Far East), farming and forest regions, steel and aluminum plant locations, transportation facilities, flow charts of specific industries and plants, and organization of the economic functions of Axis and other governments, 1942-45, with a register. SEE ALSO 169.13.
Textual Records: Economic intelligence file, 1942-45 (1,146 ft.), with indexes (343 ft.).
Maps (3,150 items): Copies of Terrain Intelligence-Strategic Engineering Studies prepared by the Military Geology Section of the Geological Survey under the supervision of the Army Corps of Engineers, dealing with Sicily, southern Italy, the Philippines, Netherlands East Indies, Japan, and the Caroline and Mariana Islands; and describing landing beaches, problems of water supply and construction geology, and possible landing field sites, 1943- 44 (2,000 items). Copies of British maps prepared by the Inter Service Topographical Department and published as part of the Interservice Information Series (ISIS), covering Mediterranean France, Italy, Corsica, Sardinia, northwest Africa, Senegal, Burma, and Sumatra, 1942-45 (800 items). Map enclosures from intelligence reports prepared by the Securities and Exchange Commission on the harbors and beaches of Sardinia, highways in southern France, and the coke oven industry in Belgium, 1943 (350 items). SEE ALSO 169.13.
Engineering Plans (950 items): Detailed blueprints of a railroad locomotive of the Japanese-owned South Manchuria Railway Company, 1932-34. SEE ALSO 169.13.
Textual Records: Records of the Military Products Section, Far East Enemy Division, 1942-45. Subject and country files of the Blockade Division, 1942-45. Subject files of the Intelligence Service Staff, 1942-45.
Textual Records: Subject files of the Control Office, 1944-46, and of the administrative officer, 1942-45. Subject, country, and commodity files of the Director, 1942-45, and other records of the Programs Staff, 1942-46.
Textual Records: General, geographic, and subject files of the British Colonies Section, 1942-46.
Textual Records: General, subject, commodity, and export files; and other records of the Australia Section, 1942-46; New Zealand Section, 1941-46; South Africa Section, 1942-45; and Canada and Newfoundland Section, 1942-46.
Textual Records: Subject, administrative, and reading files of the India Section, 1942-47.
Textual Records: Subject and country files, cables, circular letters, economic surveys, case files, shipment reports, and release certificates, 1942-46.
Textual Records: General and company files, bills of lading, commodity files, and other records, 1941-46. Minutes and reports of the British-American Coordinating Committee, 1941-45.
Textual Records: Central file, 1942-45. Reports and dispatches from U.S. missions in Latin America, 1941-45. General and geographic files of the Director and Assistant Director, 1942-45. General file of the River Plate Division, 1943-45. General file and export license correspondence of the Brazil Division, 1942-45. General and geographic files of the Central American and West Indies Division, 1942-46. General, geographic, and commodity files of the North and West Coast Division, 1942-45.
Textual Records: Program clearances, 1941-44. Records of the China Division, 1943-44, and the Liberia and Ireland Division, 1942-45.
Textual Records: Records of the Office of the Director, 1942-46. Records of the French Division, 1942-45, and of the Neutral Countries Division, 1942-44. Records of the Northwestern Europe Division, 1942-47, including the Belgium and Belgian Congo Section, Netherlands Section, and the Norway Unit of the Scandinavian Section, 1941-47.
Textual Records: Program licenses, release certificates, and related records, 1942-45.
Textual Records: Subject files of the Office of the Executive Assistant, 1943-45; the Planning and Control Staff, 1944-45; and the Economic Distribution Staff, 1942-45. Licenses of the Belgium and Belgian Congo Section of the Northern European Division, 1942-45.
Textual Records: Subject files, 1942-45.
History: Privately organized as Ships, Incorporated, October 30, 1941, to design and construct experimental cargo vessels. Taken over by Office of Lend-Lease Administration (OLLA), June 1942. With OLLA, transferred to FEA, September 25, 1943. Dissolved, April 30, 1945.
Textual Records: Correspondence of corporation officers, 1941-45. Minutes of meetings of the Board of Directors, 1941-45. Financial records, 1941-45. Certificates of necessity, 1941-45. Project files on auxiliary tugs, submarine spotter catamarans, helicopters, Seamobiles, and Sea Otters, 1941-45.
History: W. Averell Harriman appointed, March 6, 1941, as the President's personal representative to Great Britain to expedite furnishing of supplies. Renamed Mission for Economic Affairs upon Harriman's appointment as Ambassador to the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, October 23, 1943.
Textual Records: General file of the Chairman's secretary, 1941- 44. Weekly newsletter, 1941-43. Personnel files, 1941-44. Cables and airgrams, 1943-44.
History: Established August 29, 1941, with W. Averell Harriman as Chairman, to meet in Moscow with representatives of Great Britain and the Soviet Union for the purpose of negotiating an agreement to supply Soviet materiel requirements. Mission returned to United States, October 1941.
Textual Records: General file of the Chairman's secretary, 1941- 42.
SEE Maps UNDER 169.8.1 and 169.8.2.
SEE Engineering Plans UNDER 169.8.2.
SEE Photographs UNDER 169.3.8 and 169.6.6.
Bibliographic note: Web version based on Guide to Federal Records in the National Archives of the United States. Compiled by Robert B. Matchette et al. Washington, DC: National Archives and Records Administration, 1995.
3 volumes, 2428 pages.
This Web version is updated from time to time to include records processed since 1995.