Guide to Federal Records

Records of U.S. Army Coast Artillery Districts and Defenses, 1901-1942


(Record Group 392)
1901-50 (bulk 1901-42)

Overview of Records Locations

Table of Contents
  • 392.1 ADMINISTRATIVE HISTORY
  • 392.2 RECORDS OF COAST ARTILLERY DISTRICTS 1902-39
  • 392.2.1 Records of the Middle Atlantic Coast Artillery District
  • 392.2.2 Records of the North Atlantic Coast Artillery District
  • 392.2.3 Records of the North Pacific Coast Artillery District
  • 392.2.4 Records of the Pacific Coast Artillery District
  • 392.2.5 Records of the South Atlantic Coast Artillery District
  • 392.2.6 Records of the South Pacific Coast Artillery District
  • 392.2.7 Records of the 1st Coast Artillery District
  • 392.2.8 Records of the 2d Coast Artillery District
  • 392.2.9 Records of the 4th Coast Artillery District
  • 392.2.10 Records of the 9th Coast Artillery District
  • 392.3 RECORDS OF COAST AND HARBOR DEFENSES 1901-50 (bulk 1901-42)

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 392.1 ADMINISTRATIVE HISTORY

Finding Aids: Sarah D. Powell, comp., "Preliminary Inventory of the Textual Records of the United States Army Coast Artillery Districts and Defenses, 1901-42," NM 88 (Aug. 1967); supplement in National Archives microfiche edition of preliminary inventories.

Related Records: Records of the Chief of Coast Artillery, in RG 177, Records of the Chiefs of Arms. Records of coast artillery companies, in RG 391, Records of U.S. Regular Army Mobile Units, 1821-1942.

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 392.2 RECORDS OF COAST ARTILLERY DISTRICTS
1902-39


History: North Atlantic, South Atlantic, and Pacific Coast Artillery Districts established by General Order 9, War Department, February 6, 1913. Increased to 5 (North Atlantic, Middle Atlantic, South Atlantic, North Pacific, and South Pacific Coast Artillery Districts), effective May 1, 1917, by General Order 46, War Department, April 24, 1917. Redesignated by number (1st-4th and 9th) to correspond to the numbered corps areas to which they reported, by General Order 62, War Department, October 5, 1920, which also authorized Panama and Hawaiian Coast Artillery Districts. Redesignated Frontier Defense Sectors, under the Northeastern (later Eastern) and Western Defense Commands, authorized by Adjutant General letter, March 17, 1941.

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 392.2.1 Records of the Middle Atlantic Coast Artillery District

Textual Records (in Philadelphia): General orders, 1917-19. Special orders, 1917-19. Bulletins, 1918-19.

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 392.2.2 Records of the North Atlantic Coast Artillery District

Textual Records (in Boston): General orders, 1910-21. Special orders, 1903-19. Confidential orders, 1918. Circulars, 1918. Unnumbered memorandum, 1918.

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 392.2.3 Records of the North Pacific Coast Artillery District

Textual Records (in Seattle): General correspondence, 1917-20, with record cards, 1917-19, and index, 1917-18. Subject correspondence, 1917-18. Issuances, 1917-20. Issuances received from the South Pacific Coast Artillery District, 1917-19; the Western Department, 1919; and the Provisional Battalion, Washington Coast Artillery, 1917. Post returns, 1917-18. General orders, 1914-18. Special orders, 1902-19.

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 392.2.4 Records of the Pacific Coast Artillery District

Textual Records (in San Francisco): General correspondence, 1913- 18, with record cards and index. General, post, and field returns, 1913-18. Morning reports, 1918-21.

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 392.2.5 Records of the South Atlantic Coast Artillery District

Textual Records (in Atlanta): General correspondence, 1917-20.

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 392.2.6 Records of the South Pacific Coast Artillery District

Textual Records (in San Francisco): General orders, 1917-19. Special orders, 1912-19.

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 392.2.7 Records of the 1st Coast Artillery District

Textual Records (in Boston): General orders, 1932-39.

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 392.2.8 Records of the 2d Coast Artillery District

Textual Records (in New York): General orders, 1921, 1938-39. Reports on gas-proofing and tactical organization of the harbor defenses of southern New York, 1932.

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 392.2.9 Records of the 4th Coast Artillery District

Textual Records (in Philadelphia): General correspondence, 1920- 21. General orders, 1926-39.

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 392.2.10 Records of the 9th Coast Artillery District

Textual Records (in San Francisco): Special orders, 1937-38.

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 392.3 RECORDS OF COAST AND HARBOR DEFENSES
1901-50 (bulk 1901-42)


History: Artillery corps of the U.S. Army divided into separate field and coast artillery components by General Order 9, War Department, February 6, 1901, implementing the Army Reorganization Act (31 Stat. 748), February 2, 1901. Tactical artillery districts, each consisting of one or more forts and accompanying mine fields and land defenses, established by General Order 81, War Department, June 13, 1901, to protect the Atlantic and Pacific coasts of the United States and the coasts of Hawaii and Puerto Rico. Artillery district established in Philippine Islands by General Order 80, War Department, June 4, 1903. Districts in continental United States designated subdistricts under North Atlantic, South Atlantic, and Pacific Coast Artillery Districts, by General Order 9, War Department, February 6, 1913. Artillery districts in Hawaii and Philippines similarly redesignated, but reported to territorial departments. Subdistricts redesignated coast defense commands by General Order 14, February 19, 1913, and harbor defense commands, by General Order 13, War Department, June 9, 1925. Placed under Army Ground Forces, effective March 9, 1942, by War Department Circular 59, March 2, 1942, implementing the reorganization of the army authorized by EO 9082, February 28, 1942. Deactivated at the end of World War II, and superseded by surface-to-air guided missile batteries.

Textual Records: Reports, letter books, correspondence, issuances, battery emplacement books, fort record books, and mine command record books of the Harbor Defenses of Balboa, 1913-29 (in Washington Area); Harbor Defenses of Baltimore, 1901-27 (in Philadelphia); Harbor Defenses of Boston, 1913-39 (in Boston); Coast Defenses of the Cape Fear, 1907-23 (in Atlanta); Coast Defenses of Charleston, 1906-19 (in Atlanta); Coast Defenses of Chesapeake Bay, 1906-22 (in Philadelphia); Coast Defenses of the Columbia, 1901-25 (in Seattle); Coast Defenses of Cristobal, 1914-17 (in Washington Area); Harbor Defenses of the Delaware, 1901-43 (in Philadelphia); Harbor Defenses of Eastern New York, 1901-28 (in New York); Coast Defenses of Galveston, 1915-20 (in Fort Worth); Harbor Defenses of Honolulu, 1912-39 (in San Francisco); Harbor Defenses of Key West, 1901-43 (in Atlanta); Harbor Defenses of Long Island Sound, 1902-41 (in New York); Harbor Defenses of Los Angeles, 1917-37 (in Los Angeles); Harbor Defenses of Manila and Subic Bays, 1912-41 (in Washington Area); Coast Defenses of Mobile, 1915-24 (in Atlanta); Coast Defenses of Narragansett Bay, 1901-24 (in Boston); Coast Defenses of New Bedford, 1917-20 (in Boston); Coast Defenses of New Orleans, 1903-22 (in Fort Worth); Harbor Defenses of New York, 1901-42 (in New York); Coast Defenses of Oahu, Hawaii, 1913-19 (in San Francisco); Harbor Defenses of Pearl Harbor, 1909-41 (in San Francisco); Harbor Defenses of Pensacola, 1901-46 (in Atlanta); Harbor Defenses of Portland, 1904-50 (in Boston); Coast Defenses of Portsmouth, 1904-19 (in Boston); Coast Defenses of the Potomac, 1909-24 (in Washington Area); Harbor Defenses of Puget Sound, 1901-42 (in Seattle); Harbor Defenses of San Diego, 1901- 39 (in Los Angeles); Harbor Defenses of Sandy Hook, 1915-39 (in New York); Harbor Defenses of San Francisco, 1901-42 (in San Francisco); Coast Defenses of San Juan, 1917-19 (in New York); Coast Defenses of Savannah, 1901-24 (in Atlanta); Coast Defenses of Southern New York, 1907-21 (in New York); and Coast Defenses of Tampa, 1903-22 (in Atlanta).

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Bibliographic note: Web version based on Guide to Federal Records in the National Archives of the United States. Compiled by Robert B. Matchette et al. Washington, DC: National Archives and Records Administration, 1995.
3 volumes, 2428 pages.

Ordering information

This Web version is updated from time to time to include records processed since 1995.


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