Guide to Federal Records

Records of the United States Marshals Service


(Record Group 527)
1845-1950

Overview of Records Locations

Table of Contents

  • 527.1 Administrative History
  • 527.2 Records of U.S. Marshals, Southern Judicial District of Alabama 1885-1923
  • 527.3 Records of U.S. Marshals, Arizona Judicial District 1875-1923
  • 527.4 Records of U.S. Marshals, Northern Judicial District of California 1874-1919
  • 527.5 Records of U.S. Marshals, Southern Judicial District of Florida 1890-1927
  • 527.6 Records of U.S. Marshals, Southern Judicial District of Indiana 1893-1915
  • 527.7 Records of U.S. Marshals, Kansas Judicial District 1864-1918
  • 527.8 Records of U.S. Marshals, Western Judicial District of Missouri 1879-83
  • 527.9 Records of U.S. Marshals, Nevada Judicial District 1939-50
  • 527.10 Records of U.S. Marshals, Southern Judicial District of New York 1845-52, 1868
  • 527.11 Records of U.S. Marshals, South Dakota Judicial District 1893-1906
  • 527.12 Records of U.S. Marshals, Wyoming Judicial District 1873-99
  • 527.13 Records of U.S. Marshals, United States Court for China 1935-41

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527.1 Administrative History

Established: The position of U.S. Marshal was established by Section 27 of the Judiciary Act of 1789 (1 Stat. 87), September 24, 1789, authorizing the appointment of one Marshal for each Federal judicial district. The Executive Office for United States Marshals (EOUSM) was the first organization to supervise U.S. Marshals nationwide. EOUSM was established, effective December 17, 1956, by announcement of Deputy Attorney General William P. Rogers, November 30, 1956. It functioned under the Office of the Deputy Attorney General until November 28, 1967, when it was transferred to the Administrative Division by DOJ Order 386-67, same date. It continued in that division until May 12, 1969, when it was superseded by the Office of the Director, United States Marshals Service. The United States Marshals Service was established in the Department of Justice by DOJ Order 415-69, May 12, 1969. USMS records include those of the Office of the Director, USMS, and those of USMS district and subdistrict offices located in the various Federal judicial districts.

Functions: Each U.S. Marshal is appointed by the President with the advice and consent of the Senate. The duties of each U.S. Marshal and, by delegation, of each deputy U.S. Marshal, include protecting the Federal court(s) in their judicial district, together with court officials and trial participants; investigating and apprehending fugitives from Federal justice; ensuring the safety of endangered Government witnesses; maintaining custody of, and transporting, Federal prisoners; executing court orders and arrest warrants; managing, and disposing of, property forfeited to the Government by drug traffickers and other criminals; and responding to such emergency situations as civil disturbances and terrorist incidents.

Related Records:
Records of United States Attorneys, RG 118 (formerly Records of United States Attorneys and Marshals, RG 118).
Records of District Courts of the United States, RG 21.
General Records of the Department of Justice, RG 60.

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527.2 Records of U.S. Marshals, Southern Judicial District of Alabama
1885-1923

Textual Records (in Atlanta): Letters sent, 1885-87. Subject files, 1907-23.

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527.3 Records of U.S. Marshals, Arizona Judicial District
1875-1923

Textual Records (in Los Angeles): Letters sent, 1901-04. Correspondence relating to Indian cases, 1917-23. Appointments and oaths of U.S. Marshals and Deputy Marshals, 1875-1912.

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527.4 Records of U.S. Marshals, Northern Judicial District of California
1874-1919

Textual Records (in San Francisco): Correspondence relating to significant cases, 1874-1919.

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527.5 Records of U.S. Marshals, Southern Judicial District of Florida
1890-1927

Textual Records (in Atlanta): Records of the Deputy U.S. Marshal, Key West Division, including letters sent, 1921-26; letters received, 1907-26; and fiscal records consisting of a cash book, 1890-1904, and an expense ledger, 1921-27.

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527.6 Records of U.S. Marshals, Southern Judicial District of Indiana
1893-1915

Textual Records (in Chicago): Letters sent, 1897-1908. Letters received, 1893-1910. Correspondence relating to Chinese immigration cases, 1905-15.

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527.7 Records of U.S. Marshals, Kansas Judicial District
1864-1918

Textual Records (in Kansas City): Records of U.S. Marshals, Kansas Judicial District, including records of appointment, 1867- 94; docket books, 1874-1908; and records (15 ft.) concerning issuances to German aliens of residency, transit, and employment permits, 1917-18. Records of U.S. Marshals, First Division, Kansas Judicial District, including letters sent, 1901-12; letters received, 1864-1918 (with gaps); and docket books, 1874- 88.

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527.8 Records of U.S. Marshals, Western Judicial District of Missouri
1879-83

Textual Records (in Kansas City): Expenditure records, 1879-83.

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527.9 Records of U.S. Marshals, Nevada Judicial District
1939-50

Textual Records (in Los Angeles): Daily dairies, 1939-50.

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527.10 Records of U.S. Marshals, Southern Judicial District of New York
1845-52, 1868

Textual Records (in New York): Letters received, 1845-48, 1868. Orders received, 1848-52.

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527.11 Records of U.S. Marshals, South Dakota Judicial District
1893-1906

Textual Records (in Kansas City): Letters sent, 1893-1906.

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527.12 Records of U.S. Marshals, Wyoming Judicial District
1873-99

Textual Records (in Denver): Abstracts of compensation to witnesses, petit jurors, and grand jurors, 1875. U.S. Marshal's civil docket, 1878-93, and criminal docket, 1879-93. Marshal's ledgers, 1887-99. Record of public funds, 1890-96. Description and history of convicts in the U.S. penitentiary of Laramie City, Wyoming, 1873-92. Register of writs, 1879-96.

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527.13 Records of U.S. Marshals, United States Court for China
1935-41

Textual Records: Case files relating to investigations involving U.S. citizens in China, 1935-41.


Bibliographic note: Web version based on Guide to Federal Records in the National Archives of the United States. Compiled by Robert B. Matchette et al. Washington, DC: National Archives and Records Administration, 1995.
3 volumes, 2428 pages.

Ordering information

This Web version is updated from time to time to include records processed since 1995.


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