Archives Library Information Center (ALIC)

Women


The struggle for women to gain acceptance, recognition and equal rights in society has been a long process. In recognition of the contributions of American women, ALIC presents a listing of web sites relevant to women in the United States.
Contents:

Poster from the Library of Congress’s American Memory Project

Bibliographies

Bibliography of Women's Resources in ALIC
Created by Trish Laski and Stephanie Kuehn of NARA's Archives Library Information Center.

Pathfinder for Women's History Research in the National Archives and Records Administration Library
Created by Carol Faulkner of NARA's Archives Library Information Center.

ViVa: A Bibliography of Women's History in Historical and Women's Studies Journals
Bibliography of articles on women's and gender history dating back to 1975. From the International Institute of Social History.

Women's History
This bibliography is provided by the Indiana Humanities Council.

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African-American Women's Resources

African-American Women
Duke University's online archival collection containing primary Internet sources, manuscripts, and women's studies resources. Full text versions of diaries, letters, and newspapers offer insight into life for African American women in the South.

African American Women Writers of the 19th Century
From the New York Public Library's Digital Schomburg Collection, this site offers a searchable full-text database of 52 published works by 19th-century black women writers and provides access to the thought, perspectives and creative abilities of black women as captured in books and pamphlets published prior to 1920.

Claiming Their Citizenship: African American Women from 1624-2009
This online exhibit from the National Women's History Museum traces the experiences of African American Women from the transatlantic slave trade to the twenty-first century.

"From Slave Women to Free Women: The National Archives & Black Women's History in the Civil War Era"
This article by Noralee Frankel appeared in the Summer 1997 edition of NARA's publication, Prologue.

Inspirational Women
PBS offers links to documentaries or programs about "Black women who have made a special mark on their communities and the World."

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Biographies

Biographies of Women in Science
Thumbnail biographies of notable women in science from Eastern Illinois University.

Biographies of Women Mathematicians
"These pages are part of an on-going project at Agnes Scott College in Atlanta, Georgia, to illustrate the numerous achievements of women in the field of mathematics. Here you can find biographical essays or comments on the women mathematicians profiled on this site, as well as additional resources about women in mathematics."

Collective Biographies of Women
Extensive web site from the University of Virginia Library that contains an annotated bibliography, growing archive of texts, and resources featuring individual women.

Distinguished Women of Past and Present
Users can search this web site or browse by subject. Also includes links to information about Black History Month, music by women, and women in movies.

National Women's History Project: Biography Center
A list of all the women who have been honored for National Women's History Week and National Women's History Month along with thumbnail sketches of the women's lives.

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Politics and Women

Center for American Women and Politics (CAWP)
This site, maintained by the Eagleton Institute of Politics at Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, presents scholarly research and current data about the activities of American women in politics.

Women & Politics Institute
Located at American University in the School of Public Affairs, "The mission of the Women & Politics Institute is to close the gender gap in political leadership." The site features Election News, Ballot Box Monitor, and Sunday Morning Monitor.

Women and Social Movements in the United States, 1600-2000
The Women and Social Movements web site is a project of the Center for the Historical Study of Women and Gender at the State University of New York at Binghamton. Each of the 42 mini-monographs on the site poses an interpretive question and provides a collection of documents that address the question. Altogether the site includes over 900 documents, nearly 400 images, and 350 links to other websites.

Women in Politics: Bibliographic Database
This database, designed by the Inter-Parliamentary Union, contains international bibliographic references on books and articles dealing with women in politics.

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Suffrage

The 19th Amendment
This NARA web site gives a brief description of events leading up to the ratification of the 19th amendment to the Constitution, which guarantees all American women the right to vote.

Not for Ourselves Alone: The Story of Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Susan B. Anthony
This site from PBS offers an overview of the lives of these two remarkable women and the 19th century women's movement. Also includes information on teaching the history of women's rights; selected essays, articles, and original documents; biographical information; and suggested reading lists.

Suffrage History
This web site is maintained by the University of Rochester, Susan B. Anthony Center. It provides a brief history of the suffrage movement, along with links to biographies, a timeline, and a description of the Women's Rights Convention.

Treasures of Congress
NARA exhibition entitled "Progressive Reform: Votes for Women".

Votes for Women: Selections from the National American Woman Suffrage Association Collection, 1848-1921
The Library of Congress American Memory Project offers full text selections from 167 books, pamphlets, and other artifacts documenting the suffrage campaign drawn from the National American Woman Suffrage Association Collection, which was donated to the Library by Carrie Chapman Catt in November, 1938.

Votes for Women: The Struggle for Women's Suffrage
The Library of Congress's selection of pictures includes portraits of individuals; cartoons; photographs of parades, picketing, and suffragists; and an anti-suffrage display.

Woman Suffrage and the 19th Amendment
NARA's collection of primary sources, activities, and links to related websites for educators and students.

Women of Protest: Photographs from the Records of the National Woman's Party
This Library of Congress web site "presents images that depict the tactics used by the militant wing of the suffrage movement in the United States - including picketing, petitioning, pageants, parades and demonstrations, hunger strikes and imprisonment - as well as individual portraits of organization leaders and members."

The Women’s Rights Movement, 1848–1920
A historical essay from the History, Art & Archives division of the United States House of Representatives.

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Women and the Military

"Band of Angels: Sister Nurses in the Spanish-American War"
Prologue article by Mercedes Graf about the service of a dedicated group of women religious who tended the sick and wounded during the Spanish-American War.

Fly Girls
This PBS website tells the story of more than a thousand women who joined the Women Airforce Service Pilots (WASPS) during World War II.

It's a Woman's War Too!
This NARA web site features World War II posters.

Military Resources: Women in the Military
ALIC's list of weblinks related to women in the military.

"The Story of the Female Yeomen during the First World War"
Nathaniel Patch's Prologue article describes how the Naval Act of 1916 opened the door to women volunteering in the U.S. Navy.

Women Come to the Front
A focus on female journalists, photographers, and broadcasters during World War II. Includes biographies of eight particularly interesting women.

Women in Military Service for America Memorial
The first national memorial honoring women who have served in the armed forces is located in the Arlington National Cemetery.

"Women Soldiers of the Civil War"
DeAnne Blanton tells the long-forgotten story of women who secretly served in the Confederate and Union Armies in this Prologue article.

Women Who Served
NARA link that highlights the accomplishments of extraordinary women who served in World War II.

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Other Resources on the Web

"'Any woman who is now or may hereafter be married': Women and Naturalization, ca 1802-1940"
Prologue article by Marian L. Smith discussing the challenges immigrant women faced in the naturalization process from 1802-1940.

The Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America
"The Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America documents the lives of women of the past and present for the future and furthers the Radcliffe Institute's commitment to women, gender, and society."

"Black Domestics During the Depression: Workers, Organizers, Social Commentators"
This Prologue article by Phyllis Palmer describes how New Deal agencies recorded women's lives, livelihoods, and struggles.

Civil War Women
Duke University's online archival collection containing digitized manuscripts that illustrate the activities of three women during the Civil War. Scanned images make rare documents available in full text.

Contributions of 20th Century Women to Physics
Archive of data from the University of California, Los Angeles on women who have made major contributions to physics in the 20th century before 1976.

Discovering American Women's History Online
"This database provides access to digital collections of primary sources (photos, letters, diaries, artifacts, etc.) that document the history of women in the United States. These diverse collections range from Ancestral Pueblo pottery to interviews with women engineers from the 1970s."

Gifts of Speech: Women's Speeches from around the World
Maintained by Sweet Briar College, this site is dedicated to preserving and creating access to speeches made by influential contemporary women.

The Margaret Sanger Papers Project
A description of the historical editing project sponsored by the Department of History at New York University. The site includes links to a selection of Sanger's documents.

Native American Women Photographers as Storytellers
This essay by Joan M. Jensen, Professor Emerita, New Mexico State University, highlights Native American women who depict their identity through photography. From the Women Artists of the American West collections.

Photographs of Women During the Civil War: Selected Images
From the Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division comes a selection of photographs of women during the Civil War. One page is devoted to African American women, and another to white women.

Placing Women in the Past
A special edition of Cultural Resource Management, journal of the National Park Service, which focuses on the history of women as revealed in tangible historical resources.

The Real Rosie the Riveter Project
Videos of oral histories of 48 women who entered the workforce during World War II and took up traditionally “men’s jobs” in industry. From the Tamiment Library & Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives.

Rosie Pictures: Select Images Relating to American Women Workers during World War II
This Library of Congress web site offers a selection of images relating to American women workers during World War II, as well as information on locating additional images.

Sallie Bingham Center for Women's History and Culture
Link to the center for Women's History and Culture in the Rubenstein Library at Duke University.

"'To the Rescue of the Crops': The Women's Land Army During World War II"
Judy Barrett Litoff and David C. Smith's Prologue article discusses how women played a crucial role in plowing the ground, planting the seeds, cultivating the plants, and harvesting much of the nation's crops from 1942 through 1945.

U.S. Department of Justice Office on Violence against Women
The Office on Violence against Women is responsible for handling the Department of Justice's legal and policy issues regarding violence against women in the United States.

Voices of Feminism Oral History Project
"The Voices of Feminism Oral History Project documents the persistence and diversity of organizing for women in the United States in the latter half of the 20th century."

"Women of the Polar Archives: The Films and Stories of Marie Peary Stafford and Louise Boyd"
Prologue article by Audrey Amidon tells the story of two women who were drawn to the Arctic regions and whose exploits were captured on film.

Women Watch
This UN site is the portal to information and resources on the promotion of gender equality and the empowerment of women throughout the United Nations system. It also links to the major documents and databases on women's and girls' rights.

Women's Studies Librarian's Office
The University of Wisconsin Women's Studies Librarian's Office maintains this comprehensive list of links to primary and secondary women's history sites.

Women's Studies Programs, Departments, & Research Centers
Joan Korenman of the University of Maryland, Baltimore County, has produced this listing of over 700 women's studies programs, departments, and research centers worldwide.

Women's Studies Resources in Microform at the Library of Congress
Listing of women's studies microform materials available at the Library of Congress.

Women's History links were originally compiled in 2001 by Margaret Kensinger, an ALIC student library technician from the College of Information Science at the University of Maryland. The site has recently been updated, as of Spring, 2014.

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