Archives Library Information Center (ALIC)


The struggle for women to gain acceptance, recognition and equal rights in society has been a long process. In recognition of the contributions of American women, ALIC presents a listing of historical websites relevant to women in the United States.

Poster from the Library of Congress’s American Memory Project


Pathfinder for Women’s History Research in the National Archives and Records Administration Library NARA, Carol Faulkner

ViVa: A Bibliography of Women’s History in Historical and Women’s Studies Journals
International Institute of Social History
Bibliography of articles on women's and gender history dating back to 1975.

Bibliography of Women’s Resources in ALIC
NARA, Trish Laski, Stephanie Kuehn

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African-American Women’s Resources

African American Women Writers of the 19th Century
From the New York Public Library’s Digital Schomburg Collection, this site offers a searchable full-text database of 52 published works by 19th-century black women writers and provides access to the thought, perspectives and creative abilities of black women as captured in books and pamphlets published prior to 1920.

African-American Women
Duke University’s online archival collection containing primary Internet sources, manuscripts, and women’s studies resources. Full text versions of diaries, letters, and newspapers offer insight into life for African American women in the South.

American Women’s History: A Research Guide: African-American Women
This web site provides an extensive bibliography of resources relating to the history of African American women.

From Slave Women to Free Women: The National Archives & Black Women’s History in the Civil War Era
This article by Noralee Frankel appeared in the Summer 1997 edition of NARA’s publication, Prologue.

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American Women! A Celebration of our History
Stories of interesting women collected by the Hoover Presidential Library. Over 106 biographies searchable by time period, name, or through the virtual tour.

Gale Group Focuses on Women’s History
Gale Group provides biographies, a quiz, key events listings, trial information, activities, and a timeline focusing on women’s history.

National Women’s History Project: Biography Center
A list of all the women who have been honored for National Women’s History Week and National Women’s History Month along with thumbnail sketches of the women’s lives.

Women in Photography Archive
Created by Peter Palmquist for the Women Artists of the American West, this archive highlights over 2,000 early American women photographers from about 1850-1920.

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Politics and Women

Center for American Women and Politics (CAWP)
This site, maintained by the Eagleton Institute of Politics at Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, presents scholarly research and current data about the activities of American women in politics.

Women and Social Movements in the United States, 1600-2000
The Women and Social Movements website is a project of the Center for the Historical Study of Women and Gender at the State University of New York at Binghamton. Each of the 42 mini-monographs on the site poses an interpretive question and provides a collection of documents that address the question. Altogether the site includes over 900 documents, nearly 400 images, and 350 links to other websites.

Women in Politics: Bibliographic Database
This database, designed by the Inter-Parliamentary Union, contains international bibliographic references on books and articles dealing with women in politics.

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Committee on Woman Suffrage
A guide to the jurisdiction and history of the Committee on Woman Suffrage.

The Constitution: The 19th Amendment
August 1995 marked the 75th anniversary of the ratification of the 19th amendment to the Constitution, which guarantees all American women the right to vote. This web site gives a brief description of events leading up to the amendment’s ratification.

Not for Ourselves Alone: The Story of Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Susan B. Anthony
This site from PBS offers an overview of the lives of these two remarkable women and the 19th century women’s movement. Also includes information on teaching the history of women’s rights; selected essays, articles, and original documents; biographical information; and suggested reading lists.

One Hundred Years toward Suffrage: An Overview
This historical American Woman Sufferage Association Timeline was compiled by E. Susan Barber.

Suffrage History
This web site is maintained by the University of Rochester, Susan B. Anthony Center. It provides a brief history of the suffrage movement, along with links to biographies, a timeline, and a description of the Woman’s Rights Convention.

Treasures of Congress
NARA exhibition entitled "Progressive Reform: Votes for Women".

Votes for Women: Selections from the National American Woman Suffrage Association Collection, 1848-1921
The Library of Congress American Memory Project offers full text selections from 167 books, pamphlets, and other artifacts documenting the suffrage campaign drawn from the National American Woman Suffrage Association Collection, which was donated to the Library by Carrie Chapman Catt in November, 1938.

"Votes for Women:" Suffrage Pictures, 1850-1920
The Library of Congress’ selection of 38 pictures includes portraits of individuals; cartoons; photographs of parades, picketing, and suffragists; and an anti-suffrage display.

Woman Suffrage and the 19th Amendment
NARA’s collection of primary sources, activities, and links to related websites for educators and students.

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Women and the Military

Fly Girls
This PBS website tells the story of more than a thousand women who joined the Women Airforce Service Pilots (WASPS) during World War II.

It’s a Woman’s War Too!
This NARA web site features World War II posters.

Military Resources: Women in the Military
ALIC’s list of weblinks related to women in the military.

Women Come to the Front
A focus on female journalists, photographers, and broadcasters during World War II. Includes biographies of eight particularly interesting women.

Women in Military Service for America Memorial
The first national memorial honoring women who have served in the armed forces is located in the Arlington National Cemetery.

Women Soldiers of the Civil War
This fascinating Prologue article discusses the contributions of women who disguised themselves to fight in the Civil War.

Women Who Served
NARA link that highlights the accomplishments of extraordinary women who served in World War II.

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Other Resources on the Web

American Women’s History: A Research Guide
Includes general references and biographical sources, a subject index to research sources, state and regional history sources, and aids for finding secondary and primary research on women’s history.

"Any woman who is now or may hereafter be married…" Women and Naturalization, ca 1802-1940
Prologue article by Marian L. Smith discussing the challenges immigrant women faced in the naturalization process from 1802-1940.

Civil War Women
Duke University’s online archival collection containing primary Internet sources and manuscripts dealing with women’s activities during the Civil War. Scanned images make rare documents available in full text.

Contributions of 20th Century Women to Physics
University of California, Los Angeles
Archive of data on women who have made major contributions to physics in the 20th century before 1976.

Discovering American Women’s History Online
Middle Tennessee State University
"This database provides access to digital collections of primary sources (photos, letters, diaries, artifacts, etc.) that document the history of women in the United States."

Early Modern Women Database
University of Maryland
This site provides links to web resources useful for the study of women in early modern Europe and the Americas.

Gifts of Speech: Women’s Speeches from around the World
Maintained by Sweet Briar College, this site is dedicated to preserving and creating access to speeches made by influential contemporary women.

The Margaret Sanger Papers Project
A description of the historical editing project sponsored by the Department of History at New York University, the site includes links to a selection of Sanger’s documents.

Native American Women Photographers as Storytellers
This essay, by Joan M. Jensen, Professor Emerita, New Mexico State University, highlights Native American women who depict their identity through photography. From the Women Artists of the American West collections.

Photographs of Women During the Civil War: Selected Images
From the Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division comes a selection of photographs of women during the Civil War. One page is devoted to African American women, and another to white women.

Placing Women in the Past
A special edition of Cultural Resource Management, journal of the National Park Service, which focuses on the history of women as revealed in tangible historical resources. The articles are presented in PDF format.

Rosie Pictures: Select Images Relating to American Women Workers during World War II
This Library of Congress web site offers a selection of images relating to American women workers during World War II, as well as information on locating additional images.

Sallie Bingham Center for Women’s History and Culture
Link to the center for Women’s History and Culture in the Rare Book, Manuscript, and Special Collections Library at Duke University.

The Schlesinger Library
Link to the Schlesinger Library’s web site. The Library, part of Harvard University’s Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study, holds a vast amount of nineteenth and twentieth century primary sources on women’s history.

U.S. Department of Justice Office on Violence against Women
The Office on Violence against Women is responsible for handling the Department of Justice’s legal and policy issues regarding violence against women in the United States.

Women Watch: The United Nations Gateway on the Advancement and Empowerment of Women
This UN site is the portal to information and resources on the promotion of gender equality and the empowerment of women throughout the United Nations system. It also links to the major documents and databases on women’s and girls’ rights.

Women’s Studies Librarian’s Office
The University of Wisconsin Women’s Studies Librarian’s Office maintains this comprehensive list of links to primary and secondary women’s history sites.

Women’s Studies Programs, Departments, & Research Centers
Joan Korenman of the University of Maryland, Baltimore County, has produced this listing of over 700 women’s studies programs, departments, and research centers worldwide.

Women’s Studies Resources in Microform at the Library of Congress
Listing of women’s studies microform materials available at the Library of Congress.

Women’s History links were originally compiled in 2001 by Margaret Kensinger, an ALIC student library technician from the College of Information Science at the University of Maryland. The site has recently been updated, as of Spring, 2011.

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