Teaching With Documents:
The Fight for Equal Rights: Black Soldiers in the Civil War

Black POW Treatment

On July 22, 1864, Private Wilson Wood of the 6th U.S. Colored Heavy Artillery was captured by Confederate forces and held in a prison camp.

The letter from Col. William P. Hardeman alerting Union forces to Wood's capture reinforced Confederate policies toward African American prisoners.


Letter from Col. W.P. Hardeman re: Wilson Wood Capture
Click to Enlarge

In responding to this letter, Brig. Gen. J.M. Brayman explained, "When the United States made negroes soldiers it assured towards them the same obligations as were due to any others who might wear its uniform and bear its flag."



Response from Brig. Gen. J.M. Brayman re: Wilson Wood Capture
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View Pages: 1 | 2

National Archives and
Records Administration
Compiled Service Records,
Records of the Adjutant General's Office,
1780's-1917, RG 94

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Civil War Recruitment Poster for Black Soldiers

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