Guide to Federal Records

Records of the United States Senate

 


(Record Group 46)
1789-1990
23,058 cu. ft.

Table of Contents

  • 46.1 ADMINISTRATIVE HISTORY
  • 46.2 GENERAL RECORDS OF THE UNITED STATES SENATE 1789-1988 6,812 lin. ft.
  • 46.3 RECORDS OF COMMITTEES RELATING TO AGRICULTURE AND FORESTRY 1825-1988 535 lin. ft.
  • 46.4 RECORDS OF THE COMMITTEE ON APPROPRIATIONS 1867-1988 460 lin. ft.
  • 46.5 RECORDS OF COMMITTEES RELATING TO DEFENSE 1816-1988 1,117 lin. ft.
  • 46.6 RECORDS OF COMMITTEES RELATING TO BANKING AND CURRENCY 1913-88 977 lin. ft.
  • 46.7 RECORDS OF THE COMMITTEE ON BUDGET 1973-88 71 lin. ft. and 127 rolls of microfilm
  • 46.8 RECORDS OF COMMITTEES RELATING TO CLAIMS 1816-1946 93 lin. ft.
  • 46.9 RECORDS OF COMMITTEES RELATING TO COMMERCE 1816-1988 2,490 lin. ft.
  • 46.10 RECORDS OF THE COMMITTEE ON THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA 1816-72 554 lin. ft.
  • 46.11 RECORDS OF THE COMMITTEE ON FINANCE AND RELATED COMMITTEES 1816-1988 928 lin. ft.
  • 46.12 RECORDS OF THE COMMITTEE ON FOREIGN RELATIONS 1789-1988 914 lin. ft.
  • 46.13 RECORDS OF THE COMMITTEE ON GOVERNMENT OPERATIONS AND RELATED COMMITTEES 1842-1988 1,617 lin. ft.
  • 46.14 RECORDS OF COMMITTEES RELATING TO INTERIOR AND INSULAR AFFAIRS 1816-1988 939 lin. ft.
  • 46.15 RECORDS OF THE COMMITTEE ON THE JUDICIARY AND RELATED COMMITTEES 1816-1988 3,600 lin. ft.
  • 46.16 RECORDS OF THE COMMITTEE ON LABOR AND PUBLIC WELFARE AND RELATED COMMITTEES 1870-1988 774 lin. ft.
  • 46.17 RECORDS OF THE POST OFFICE AND CIVIL SERVICE AND PREDECESSOR COMMITTEES 1816-1976 317 lin. ft.
  • 46.18 RECORDS OF THE COMMITTEE ON ENVIRONMENT AND PUBLIC WORKS AND ITS PREDECESSORS 1820-1988 366 lin. ft.
  • 46.19 RECORDS OF THE COMMITTEE ON RULES AND ADMINISTRATION AND ITS PREDECESSORS 1789-1988 543 lin. ft.
  • 46.20 RECORDS OF THE COMMITTEE ON SMALL BUSINESS 1969-88 269 lin. ft.
  • 46.21 RECORDS OF THE COMMITTEE ON VETERANS' AFFAIRS 1971-82 55 lin. ft. and 11 rolls of microfilm
  • 46.22 RECORDS OF SELECT AND SPECIAL COMMITTEES 1789-1988 3,107 lin. ft.
  • 46.22.1 Records of select committees, 1789-1921 (1st-66th Congresses)
  • 46.22.2 Records of select committees, 1923-88 (67th-100th Congresses)
  • 46.23 CARTOGRAPHIC RECORDS (GENERAL) 1790-1958 1,305 items
  • 46.24 MOTION PICTURES (GENERAL)
  • 46.25 VIDEO RECORDINGS (GENERAL) 1986-90 4,960 items
  • 46.26 SOUND RECORDINGS (GENERAL) 1975-76 65 items
  • 46.27 MACHINE-READABLE RECORDS (GENERAL)

 

46.1 ADMINISTRATIVE HISTORY

Established: By Article I, Section 1, of the Constitution, approved September 17, 1787. First met, March 4, 1789. Functions: Exercises federal legislative authority jointly with the United States House of Representatives. Tries impeachments. Approves or disapproves Presidential appointments. Provides advice and consent in negotiations of treaties.

Finding Aids: Guide to the Records of the United States Senate at the National Archives, 1789-1999: On-Line Edition. Robert W. Coren, Mary Rephlo, David Kepley, and Charles South, comps., Guide to the Records of the United States Senate at the National Archives, 1789-1989: Bicentennial Edition (1989). Harold E. Hufford and Watson G. Caudill, comps., Preliminary Inventory of the Records of the United States Senate, PI 23 (1950); supplement in National Archives microfiche edition of preliminary inventories. Charles E. South and James C. Brown, comps., Hearings in the Records of the U.S. Senate and Joint Committees of Congress, SL 72 (1972).

Security-Classified Records: This record group may include material that is security-classified.

Specific Restrictions: As specified by Senate Resolution 474 (Congressional Record, 96th Cong., 2d sess., 1980, 126, pt. 23:31188), records under the jurisdiction of the Senate (a) prohibited from disclosure by executive order or statute are unavailable for public use in accordance with the applicable executive order or statute; (b) the disclosure of which, in the opinion of the Secretary of the Senate, would not be in the public interest are unavailable for public inspection; (c) relating to the investigation of individuals and containing personal data, personnel records, and records of executive nominations, and not previously made public, are unavailable for public inspection for 50 years after creation; and (d) not otherwise previously made public are unavailable for public inspection for 20 years after creation, except that any committee may, by action of the full committee, prescribe a different time when any of its records under (c) and (d) may be made available for public use.

Related Records:

  • Record copies of publications of the various committees of the United States Senate in RG 287, Publications of the U.S. Government.
  • Records of Joint Committees of Congress, RG 128.
  • Records of the U.S. House of Representatives, RG 233.
  • Textual, photographic, and cartographic materials concerning the U.S. Capitol building, grounds, and related buildings, are in the custody of the Architect of the Capitol. Approximately 30,000 photographs relating to the Senate are in the custody of the Senate Historical Office.

RECORDS

RECORD TYPES RECORD LOCATIONS QUANTITIES
Textual Records National Archives Building 22,688 cu. ft.
Maps and Charts College Park 1,305 items
Motion Pictures College Park 4 reels
Video Recordings College Park 5,200 items
Sound Recordings College Park 471 items
Machine-Readable College Park 12 data sets
Records  

Note: Dates cited below are those of the records. Congresses reflect approximate corresponding Congressional sessions. Records of other subcommittees and investigations may be interfiled with the records of the full committees.

 

46.2 GENERAL RECORDS OF THE UNITED STATES SENATE
1789-1988
6,812 lin. ft.

Textual Records: Journals of legislative proceedings and minute books, 1789-1988. Bills and resolutions, 1789-1988. Presidential messages, 1789-1875. Manuscripts and typescripts of Senate documents, 1875-1988. Committee reports, 1847-1988. Records relating to private bills, 1887-1901. Records accompanying bills and resolutions ("Legislative Case Files"), 1901-46 (1,048 ft.). Petitions and memorials, 1815-1966. Original electoral votes and certificates of ascertainment, 1789-1969. Credentials of individual senators, 1789-1988. Records of the Secretary of the Senate, including campaign spending reports, 1912-46; roll call tally sheets, 1947-88; and lobbying reports, 1949-88. Records relating to executive proceedings, including nomination messages and related papers, 1789-1988; records relating to treaties, 1789-1988; and records concerning impeachments, 1797-1987. Legislative bulletins, reports, voting records, and other records of the Democratic Policy Committee, 1977-88.

Microfilm Publications: M200, M1251-M1261.

Finding Aids: George P. Perros, James C. Brown, and Jacqueline A. Wood, comps., Papers of the United States Senate relating to Presidential Nominations, 1789-1901, SL 20 (1964).

 

46.3 RECORDS OF COMMITTEES RELATING TO AGRICULTURE AND FORESTRY
1825-1988
535 lin. ft.

Textual Records: Correspondence, reports, hearings, transcripts, petitions and memorials, resolutions, minutes, dockets, legislative and investigative case files, nomination files, Presidential messages and communications, and other records of the following committees and subcommittees:

Committee Volume Dates Congresses
On Agriculture 1 ft. 1825-83 19th-47th
On Agriculture and Forestry 258 ft. 1883-1976 48th-94th
On Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry 240 ft. 1977-88 95th-100th
On Forest Reservations and the Protection of Game 1 ft. 1896-1921 54th-66th
Subcommittee (Agriculture and Forestry) Volume Dates Congresses
To Investigate the Use of Farm Crops 4 ft. 1943 78th
To Investigate the Rural Electrification Administration 7 ft. 1943 78th
To Investigate Food Production, Distribution, and Consumption 7 ft. 1943 78th
To Investigate the Utilization of Farm Crops 13 ft. 1949 81st
To Investigate the Importation of Feed Wheat 4 ft. 1953-57 83d-85th
To Investigate Grain Storage and Other Activities of the Department of Agriculture 3 ft. 1959-60 86th
On Watershed Projects 1 ft. 1961-62 87th

 

46.4 RECORDS OF THE COMMITTEE ON APPROPRIATIONS
1867-1988
460 lin. ft.

History: Established March 6, 1867. Appropriations bills referred to select committees, 1789-1817 (1st-14th Congresses); and to Senate Finance Committee, 1817-67 (15th-39th Congresses; SEE 46.11).

Textual Records: Committee papers, petitions, memorials, resolutions, legislative case files ("Accompanying Papers"), Presidential messages and communications, subject files, and other records of the committee and its subcommittees as follows:

Committee Volume Dates Congresses
On Appropriations 242 ft. 1867-1988 40th-100th
Subcommittee Volume Dates Congresses
On Inquiry In Re Transfer of Employees 25 ft. 1942 77th
On Agriculture, Rural Development, and Related Agencies 27 ft. 1977-88 95th-100th
On Commerce, Justice, and State 77 ft. 1977-88 95th-100th
On Foreign Operations 22 ft. 1977-88 95th-100th
On Housing and Urban Development and Independent Agencies 10 ft. 1973-88 93d-100th
On Intelligence Operations 2 ft. 1973-74 93d
On Interior 13 ft. 1977-88 95th-100th
On Labor-Health and Human Service-Education 7 ft. 1979-80 96th
On Legislative Branch 11 ft. 1959-88 86th-100th
On Transportation and Related Agencies 12 ft. 1979-88 96th-100th
On Treasury, Postal Service, and General Government 14 ft. 1981-88 97th-100th

Finding Aids: Theodore J. Cassady and Harold E. Hufford, comps., Preliminary Inventory of the Senate Committee on Appropriations: Subcommittee on Inquiry In Re Transfer of Employees, PI 12 (1942).

Subject Access Terms: American Relief Administration; Emergency Relief Appropriation Acts.

 

46.5 RECORDS OF COMMITTEES RELATING TO DEFENSE
1816-1988
1,117 lin. ft.

Textual Records: Correspondence, reports, hearings, transcripts, claims, petitions and memorials, resolutions, minutes, dockets, legislative and investigative case files, nomination files, and Presidential messages and communications, and other records of the following committees and subcommittees:

Committee Volume Dates Congresses
On Military Affairs 125 ft. 1816-1946 14th-79th
On the Militia 3 in. 1816-57 14th-35th
On Naval Affairs 54 ft. 1816-1946 14th-79th
On Coast Defenses 5 in. 1885-1911 49th-62d
On Armed Services 899 ft. 1947-88 80th-100th
Subcommittee (Military Affairs) Volume Dates Congresses
Investigating the Disposal of Surplus Property 6 ft. 1945-46 79th
Subcommittee (Armed Services) Volume Dates Congresses
Investigation of the Malmedy Massacre 5 ft. 1949 81st
Preparedness Investigating Subcommittee 3 ft. 1950-55 81st-84th
On National Stockpile and Naval Petroleum 29 ft. 1962-63 87th-88th

Finding Aids: George P. Perros and Toussaint L. Prince, comps., Records of Certain Committees of the Senate Investigating the Disposal of Surplus Property, 1945-48, PI 59 (1953).

Subject Access Terms: Civil defense; National Guard; National Stockpile, Subcommittee on (Armed Services); Real Estate and Military Construction, Subcommittee on (Armed Services); universal military training; U.S. Exploring Expedition; war crimes.

 

46.6 RECORDS OF COMMITTEES RELATING TO BANKING AND CURRENCY
1913-88
977 lin. ft.

Textual Records: Committee papers, petitions, memorials, minutes, correspondence, investigators' reports, legislative case files ("Accompanying Papers"), bills and resolutions, transcripts of public hearings and executive sessions, Presidential messages and communications, nomination files, and other records of the following committees and subcommittees:

Committee Volume Dates Congresses
On Banking and Currency 496 ft. 1913-70 63d-91st
On Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs 330 ft. 1970-88 91st-100th
Subcommittee (Banking and Currency) Volume Dates Congresses
On Housing (and Urban Affairs) 46 ft. 1957-68 85th-90th
On Small Business 6 ft. 1949-68 81st-90th
On Financial Institutions 12 ft. 1963-68 88th-90th
To Investigate Operations of the Reconstruction Finance Corporation (RFC) and Its Subsidiaries 6 ft. 1947-48 80th
To Investigate the Export-Import Bank and the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD) 9 ft. 1953-54 83d
To Investigate Coffee Prices 3 ft. 1954 83d
To Investigate the Federal Housing Administration 53 ft. 1954 83d
Subcommittee (Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs) Volume Dates Congresses
On Consumer Affairs 3 ft. 1976-77 94th
On International Finance 1 ft. 1983-84 98th

Finding Aids: Albert U. Blair and John W. Porter, comps., Records of the Senate Committee on Interstate Commerce, Subcommittee to Investigate Interstate Railroads, 1935-43, PI 75 (1954).

Subject Access Terms: Export controls; Federal Farm Loan Bank; Federal Reserve System; Pecora (Ferdinand) Committee; Securities and Exchange Commission; stock exchange.

 

46.7 RECORDS OF THE COMMITTEE ON BUDGET
1973-88
71 lin. ft. and 127 rolls of microfilm

Textual Records: Legislative files, subject files, and other records, 1974-88. Records of Democratic Counsel Rick Brandon, 93d-99th Congresses, 1973-86 (including 127 rolls of microfilm).

 

46.8 RECORDS OF COMMITTEES RELATING TO CLAIMS
1816-1946
93 lin. ft.

Textual Records: Reports, correspondence, legislative case files, petitions and memorials, private claim bills, and other records of the following committees:

Committee Volume Dates Congresses
On Claims 70 ft. 1816-1946 14th-79th
On Private Land Claims 15 ft. 1826-1907 19th-67th
On Revolutionary Claims 8 ft. 1832-97 22d-55th

 

46.9 RECORDS OF COMMITTEES RELATING TO COMMERCE
1816-1988
2,490 lin. ft.

Textual Records: Correspondence, reports, hearings, transcripts, petitions and memorials, resolutions, minutes, dockets, legislative and investigative case files, nomination files, Presidential messages and communications, and other records of the following committees and subcommittees:

Committee Volume Dates Congresses
On Commerce and Manufactures 2 ft. 1816-25 14th-19th
On Commerce 84 ft. 1825-1946 19th-79th
On Manufacturers 9 ft. 1829-1928 19th-70th
On The Pacific Railroad 1 ft. 1864-71 38th-42d
On Railroads 1 ft. 1873-1911 43d-66th
On Transportation Routes to the Seaboard 1 in. 1879-93 46th-53d
On Mississippi River and Its Tributaries 3 in. 1879-97 46th-64th
On Pacific Railroad 3 in. 1889-97 51st-55th
On Interoceanic Canals 2 ft. 1899-1945 55th-79th
On Fisheries 1 ft. 1884-1918 48th-65th
On Standards, Weights, and Measures 3 in. 1911-21 61st-66th
On Interstate Commerce 67 ft. 1889-1946 50th-79th
On Interstate and Foreign Commerce and On Commerce 851 ft. 1947-68 80th-90th
On Commerce and On Commerce, Science and Transportation 733 ft. 1969-88 91st-100th
On Aeronautical and Space Sciences 169 ft. 1958-76 85th-94th
Subcommittee (Commerce, 1825-1946) Volume Dates Congresses
On Crime and Criminal Practice 6 in. 1933-34 73d
On the Department of Commerce and Merchant Marine 6 in. 1935-36 74th
Subcommittee (Interstate Commerce) Volume Dates Congresses
To Investigate Interstate Railroads 560 ft. 1935-42 74th-77th
Subcommittee (Interstate and Foreign Commerce/Commerce/Commerce, Science, and Transportation) Volume Dates Congresses
On Aviation 94 ft. 1949-86 81st-99th
On Communications 129 ft. 1949-86 81st-99th
On the Consumer 87 ft. 1966-86 89th-99th
On Merchant Marine and Maritime Matters 10 ft. 1949-54 81st-83d
On Merchant Marine Training and Education 8 in. 1955-56 84th
On Merchant Marine and Fisheries 65 ft. 1957-86 84th-99th
On Domestic Land and Water Transportation 5 ft. 1949-52 81st-82d
On Surface Transportation 109 ft. 1955-86 84th-99th
On Oil and Coal Shortages 2 ft. 1947-48 80th
On Trade Policy 8 ft. 1948-49 80th-81st
On Freight Absorption and Pricing 7 in. 1949-52 81st-82d
On Export Controls and Policies 4 ft. 1950-51 81st-82d
On New England Transportation 6 in. 1951-52 82d
Investigating Waterfront Racketeering and Port Security 8 ft. 1953-54 83d
To Study the Maritime Subsidy Program 3 ft. 1953-54 83d
On Automobile Marketing Practices 32 ft. 1956-58 84th-85th
On Military Air Transportation Service and Military Sea Transportation Service 1 ft. 1957-58 85th
On the Textile Industry 2 ft. 1958-64 85th-88th
To Study Foreign Commerce 5 ft. 1959-61 86th-87th
On Freedom of Communications 3 ft. 1959-62 86th-87th
To Study the Great Lakes-St. Lawrence 3 ft. 1963-64 88th
On Business, Trade, and Tourism 3 ft. 1981-86 97th-99th
On the Environment 3 ft. 1969-72 91st-92d
On Foreign Commerce and Tourism 9 ft. 1975-78 93d-95th
    1985-86 99th
On Investigations 3 ft. 1971-72 92d
On National Oceans Policy 2 ft. 1981-82 97th
On Oceanography 1 ft. 1969-71 91st
On Oceans and Atmospheres 3 ft. 1973-74 93d
On Science, Technology, and Space 33 ft. 1957-86 85th-99th

Finding Aids: Albert U. Blair and John W. Porter, comps., Records of the Senate Committee on Interstate Commerce, Subcommittee to Investigate Interstate Railroads, 1935-43, PI 75 (1954).

Subject Access Terms: Alaska, fisheries in; Fairness Doctrine; lighthouses; S.S. Mohawk; S.S. Morro Castle; shipwrecks; television, regulation of; U.S. Life Saving Service.

 

46.10 RECORDS OF THE COMMITTEE ON THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA
1816-72
554 lin. ft.

Textual Records: Committee papers, reports, petitions, memorials, bills and resolutions, legislative dockets, hearing transcripts, correspondence, and other records of the committee and its subcommittees as follows:

Committee Volume Dates Congresses
On the District of Columbia 505 ft. 1816-1972 14th-92d
Subcommittee Volume Dates Congresses
On the Investigation of Wiretapping 4 ft. 1950-51 81st-82d
On the Investigation of Crime in the District of Columbia 17 ft. 1951-52 82d
To Investigate Public Transportation in the District of Columbia 28 ft. 1953-54 83d

 

46.11 RECORDS OF THE COMMITTEE ON FINANCE AND RELATED COMMITTEES
1816-1988
928 lin. ft.

Textual Records: Committee papers, reports, petitions, memorials, correspondence, bills and resolutions, case files, Presidential messages and communications, nomination files, transcripts of hearings, and other records of the following committees and subcommittees:

Committee Volume Dates Congresses
On Finance* 832 ft. 1816-1988 14th-100th
On Pensions 61 ft. 1817-1947 14th-79th
Subcommittee (Finance) Volume Dates Congresses
To Investigate the Social Security Program 8 ft. 1947-48 80th
On Health 3 ft. 1977-84 95th-98th
On Trade 24 ft. 1976-86 96th-99th

* SEE ALSO nontextual descriptions.

Sound Recordings (13 items): Executive sessions of the Finance Committee, 96th-97th Congresses, 1979-82. SEE ALSO 46.26.

Subject Access Terms: Finance and a Uniform National Currency, Select Committee on; GI Bill of Rights.

 

46.12 RECORDS OF THE COMMITTEE ON FOREIGN RELATIONS
1789-1988
914 lin. ft.

Textual Records: Treaty files; committee papers and minutes; reports; petitions, memorials, and resolutions; claims; legislative case files; Presidential messages and communications; transcripts of executive sessions and of hearings; administrative and financial records; nomination case files; staff files; and other records of the committee and its subcommittees as follows:

Committee Volume Dates Congresses
On Foreign Relations 789 ft. 1789-1988 14th-100th
Subcommittee Volume Dates Congresses
On the Investigation of Loyalty of State Department Employees 5 ft. 1950 81st
On U.S. Foreign Aid to Free Europe 1 ft. 1951 81st
On Overseas Information Programs 4 ft. 1952-53 82d-83d
On Disarmament 16 ft. 1956-62 84th-87th
To Investigate Activities of Nondiplomatic Representatives of Foreign Principals in the United States 27 ft. 1960-62 86th-87th
On American Republics 5 in. 1967-68 90th
On Surveillance 1 ft. 1973-74 93d
On Multinational Corporations 35 ft. 1973-76 93d-94th
On Foreign Assistance 27 ft. 1973-80 93d-96th
On Foreign Economic Policy/International Economic Policy 18 ft. 1973-78 93d-95th

 

46.13 RECORDS OF THE COMMITTEE ON GOVERNMENT OPERATIONS AND
RELATED COMMITTEES
1842-1988
1,617 lin. ft.

Textual Records: Committee papers, reports, petitions, memorials, bills and resolutions, Presidential messages and communications, hearings, investigative and legislative case files, staff memorandums, and other records of the following committees and subcommittees:

Committee Volume Dates Congresses
On Retrenchment 1 ft. 1842-54 27th-33d
On Investigation and Retrenchment 2 ft. 1871-73 42d
On Organization, Conduct, and Expenditure in Executive Departments 2 in. 1900-1 56th
On Expenditures in Executive Departments 22 ft. 1947-52 80th-82d
On Government Operations 95 ft. 1952-76 82d-94th
On Governmental Affairs* 186 ft. 1977-88 95th-100th
Subcommittee (Expenditures in Executive Departments) Volume Dates Congresses
On Investigations 12 ft. 1947-52 80th-82d
To Investigate Surplus Property 13 ft. 1947-48 80th
Subcommittee (Government Operations/Governmental Affairs) Volume Dates Congresses
Permanent Subcommittee on Investigations 1,087 ft. 1948-82 80th-97th
On Reorganization and International Organizations 52 ft. 1958-64 85th-88th
On Intergovernmental Relations 19 ft. 1963-68 88th-90th
On Foreign Aid Expenditures 2 ft. 1965-68 89th-90th
On Governmental Efficiency and the District of Columbia 55 ft. 1975-86 94th-99th
On Federal Spending Practices and Open Government 36 ft. 1973-80 93d-96th
On Energy, Nuclear Proliferation, and Government Processes 33 ft. 1959-86 86th-99th
On Intergovernmental Relations* 37 ft. 1959-78 86th-95th
On the Post Office and Civil Service 1 ft. 1979-84 96th-98th

* SEE ALSO nontextual descriptions.

Machine-Readable Records (2 data sets): Legislative and oversight files of the Majority Office of the Governmental Affairs Committee, and of its Subcommittee on Intergovernmental Relations, 1986, with supporting documentation. SEE ALSO 46.27.

Subject Access Terms: "Army-McCarthy" hearings; communists, investigations of; labor racketeering; McCarthy, Joseph R.; McClellan, John L.; organized crime; War Assets Administration.

 

46.14 RECORDS OF COMMITTEES RELATING TO INTERIOR AND INSULAR
AFFAIRS
1816-1988
939 lin. ft.

Textual Records: Committee papers, reports, petitions, memorials, bills and resolutions, legislative dockets, treaty files, minutes, investigative and legislative case files, transcripts of hearings, nomination files, correspondence, and other records of the following committees and subcommittees:

Committee Volume Dates Congresses
On Public Lands 57 ft. 1816-1946 14th-79th
On the Geological Survey 1 in. 1905-9 59th-60th
On Indian Affairs 96 ft. 1820-1946 16th-79th
On Indian Depredations 8 in. 1893-1905 52d-59th
On Territories 7 ft. 1844-1920 28th-66th
On Pacific Islands and Puerto Rico 4 ft. 1899-1920 56th-66th
On the Philippines 2 ft. 1899-1920 56th-66th
On Territories and Insular Affairs 18 ft. 1923-46 68th-79th
On Mines and Mining 2 ft. 1866-1946 39th-79th
On Irrigation and Reclamation of Arid Lands 4 ft. 1894-1946 53d-79th
On Conservation of Natural Resources 2 in. 1909-13 61st-62d
On Interior and Insular Affairs 446 ft. 1947-76 80th-94th
On Energy and Natural Resources 392 ft. 1977-88 95th-100th
Subcommittee (Indian Affairs) Volume Dates Congresses
Indian Affairs Investigating Subcommittee 59 ft. 1928-53 70th-83d
Subcommittee (Interior and Insular Affairs/Energy and Natural Resources) Volume Dates Congresses
On Indian Affairs 6 in. 1948-49 80th-81st
To Investigate the Explosion at Centralia Coal Mine #5 2 ft. 1947 80th
On Minerals, Materials, and Fuel Economics 3 ft. 1953-54 83d
On Energy Research and Development 4 ft. 1977-86 95th-99th
On Recreation and Renewable Resources 8 ft. 1977-86 95th-99th
On Parks 1 ft. 1977-86 95th-99th
On Public Lands 20 ft. 1977-86 95th-99th

 

46.15 RECORDS OF THE COMMITTEE ON THE JUDICIARY AND RELATED
COMMITTEES
1816-1988
3,600 lin. ft.

Textual Records: Committee papers, reports, petitions, memorials, bills and resolutions, minutes, legislative and executive dockets, Presidential messages and communications, legislative and investigative case files, correspondence, staff records, and other records of the following committees and subcommittees:

Committee Volume Dates Congresses
On Judiciary 1,239 ft. 1816-1988 14th-100th
On Revision of the Laws 3 in. 1869-1905 40th-58th
On Patents 26 ft. 1837-1946 25th-79th
On Immigration 36 ft. 1890-1946 51st-79th
Subcommittee Volume Dates Congresses
On Immigration and Naturalization 74 ft. 1947-88 80th-100th
On Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights 34 ft. 1955-76 84th-94th
Senate Internal Security Subcommittee 547 ft. 1951-77 82d-95th
On Trading with the Enemy Act 6 ft. 1952-66 82d-89th
On the Emigration of Refugees and Escapees 7 ft. 1953-60 83d-86th
On Juvenile Delinquency 341 ft. 1953-88 83d-100th
On Antitrust and Monopoly 750 ft. 1951-88 82d-100th
On Constitutional Rights 59 ft. 1959-76 86th-94th
On Improvement of the Federal Criminal Code 19 ft. 1955-58 84th-85th
On Administrative Practice and Procedure 39 ft. 1963-80 88th-96th
On Criminal Laws and Procedures 60 ft. 1966-88 89th-100th
On Citizens and Shareholders Rights and Remedies 3 ft. 1977-78 95th
On the Constitution 93 ft. 1969-88 91st-100th
On the Courts 36 ft. 1969-88 91st-100th
To Investigate Activities of Individuals Representing Interests of Foreign Governments (Billy Carter-Libya Investigation) 30 ft. 1969-88 91st-100th
On National Penitentiaries 4 ft. 1971-78 92d-95th
On Patents, Copyrights, and Trademarks 54 ft. 1969-88 91st-100th
On Regulatory Reform 1 ft. 1981-82 97th
On Security and Terrorism 26 ft. 1969-88 91st-100th
On Separation of Powers 48 ft. 1959-78 86th-95th

 

46.16 RECORDS OF THE COMMITTEE ON LABOR AND PUBLIC WELFARE AND
RELATED COMMITTEES
1870-1988
774 lin. ft.

Textual Records: Committee papers, petitions, memorials, bills and resolutions, correspondence, investigation files, Presidential messages and communications, transcripts of hearings, staff files, and other records of the following committees and subcommittees:

Committee Volume Dates Congresses
On Education and Labor* 48 ft. 1870-1946 41st-79th
On Epidemic Diseases 7 in. 1878-92 45th-52d
On Public Health and National Quarantine 7 in. 1896-1921 54th-66th
To Establish a University of the United States 3 in. 1895-1902 53d-57th
On Labor and Public Welfare and On Labor and Human Resources 358 ft. 1947-88 80th-100th
Subcommittee (Education and Labor) Volume Dates Congresses
Investigating Violations of Free Speech and Labor 57 ft. 1936-41 74th-76th
On Wartime Health and Education 25 ft. 1943-46 78th-79th
Subcommittee (Labor and Public Welfare) Volume Dates Congresses
On Welfare and Pension Funds 85 ft. 1954-56 83d-84th
On Education 14 ft. 1961-64 87th-88th
On Employment, Manpower, and Poverty 24 ft. 1965-68 89th-90th
On Health 35 ft. 1961-66 87th-89th
On Migratory Labor 50 ft. 1959-68 86th-90th
On Veterans Affairs 22 ft. 1957-68 85th-90th
Subcommittee (Labor and Human Resources) Volume Dates Congresses
On Aging 11 ft. 1983-86 98th-99th
On Children, Family, Drugs, and Alcoholism 3 ft. 1983-86 98th-99th
On Children and Youth 7 ft. 1971-76 92d-94th
On Child and Human Development 4 ft. 1977-80 95th-96th
On Employment, Poverty, and Migratory Labor 4 ft. 1977-78 95th
On Family and Human Services 3 ft. 1981-86 97th-99th
On the Handicapped 11 ft. 1971-80 92d-96th
On Health and Scientific Resources 6 ft. 1979-82 96th-97th
On Labor 5 ft. 1981-86 97th-99th

* SEE ALSO nontextual descriptions.

Motion Pictures (4 reels): Newsreel footage acquired by the Education and Labor Committee of labor unrest at the San Francisco, CA, docks, 1936; the Chicago, IL, plant of the Republic Steel Company, 1937; and the cannery strike in Stockton, CA, 1938.

Finding Aids: George P. Perros, comp., Preliminary Inventory of the Records of the Senate Committee on Education and Labor: Subcommittee on Wartime Health and Education, 1943-46, PI 42 (1952).

 

46.17 RECORDS OF THE POST OFFICE AND CIVIL SERVICE AND
PREDECESSOR COMMITTEES
1816-1976
317 lin. ft.

Textual Records: Committee papers, reports, petitions, memorials, bills and resolutions, legislative and executive dockets, legislative case files, Presidential messages and communications, nomination files, correspondence, staff papers, and other records of the following committees and subcommittees:

Committee Volume Dates Congresses
On Post Office and Post Roads 77 ft. 1816-1946 14th-79th
On Civil Service and Retrenchment 4 ft. 1874-1916 43d-64th
On Civil Service 5 ft. 1921-46 67th-79th
On the Census and Its Predecessor 7 in. 1879-1908 45th-60th
On Post Office and Civil Service 202 ft. 1947-76 80th-94th
Subcommittee (Post Office and Civil Service) Volume Dates Congresses
Investigating Postmaster Appointments 6 ft. 1947-48 80th
On Federal Manpower Policies 6 ft. 1951-53 82d-83d
Investigating Postal Operations 4 ft. 1953-54 83d
On the Government Employees Security Program 10 ft. 1955-56 84th
On the Administration of the Civil Service System and Postal Service 2 ft. 1955-57 84th-85th

 

46.18 RECORDS OF THE COMMITTEE ON ENVIRONMENT AND PUBLIC WORKS
AND ITS PREDECESSORS
1820-1988
366 lin. ft.

Textual Records: Committee papers, reports, petitions, memorials, legislative dockets and case files, Presidential messages and communications, nomination files, correspondence, and other records of the following committees and subcommittees:

Committee Volume Dates Congresses
On Roads and Canals 4 ft. 1820-57 16th-37th
On Public Buildings and Grounds 15 ft. 1838-1946 25th-79th
On Public Works and On Environment and Public Works 348 ft. 1947-88 80th-100th
Subcommittee (Public Works) Volume Dates Congresses
On Air and Water Pollution 10 in. 1965 89th
On Roads 3 ft. 1967-70 90th-91st
Subcommittee (Environment and Public Works) Volume Dates Congresses
On Environmental Pollution 61 ft. 1977-86 95th-99th
On Nuclear Regulation 14 ft. 1977-86 95th-99th
On Water Resources 10 ft. 1977-86 95th-99th

 

46.19 RECORDS OF THE COMMITTEE ON RULES AND ADMINISTRATION AND
ITS PREDECESSORS
1789-1988
543 lin. ft.

Textual Records: Committee papers, reports, petitions, memorials, bills and resolutions, minutes, dockets, correspondence, legislative case files, transcripts of hearings and executive sessions, investigation files, and other records of the following committees and subcommittees:

Committee Volume Dates Congresses
On Enrolled Bills 13 ft. 1789-1941 1st-77th
To Audit and Control the Contingent Expenses of the Senate 1 ft. 1817-1946 14th-79th
On Printing 25 ft. 1842-1946 27th-79th
On the Library 9 ft. 1849-1946 30th-79th
On Privileges and Elections 52 ft. 1871-1946 42d-79th
On Rules 3 ft. 1885-1946 48th-79th
On Rules and Administration 278 ft. 1947-88 80th-100th
On Impeachment of Judge Harry E. Claiborne* 7 ft. 1986 99th
Subcommittee (Rules and Administration) Volume Dates Congresses
On Privileges and Elections 141 ft. 1947-68 80th-90th
On Amendments to Senate Rule XXII (Cloture Rule) 2 ft. 1957-58 85th
On Financial and Business Activities of Senate Employees and Former Senate Employees 19 ft. 1963-66 88th-89th

* SEE ALSO nontextual descriptions.

Machine-Readable Records (8 data sets): Text files of executive (closed sessions) of the Impeachment Trial Committee (impeachment trial of Judge Harry E. Claiborne), 1986, with supporting documentation. SEE ALSO 46.27.

 

46.20 RECORDS OF THE COMMITTEE ON SMALL BUSINESS
1969-88
269 lin. ft.

Textual Records: Committee papers, reports, petitions, memorials, bills and resolutions, correspondence, legislative case files, transcripts of hearings and executive sessions, investigative files, and other records, 1969-88.

 

46.21 RECORDS OF THE COMMITTEE ON VETERANS' AFFAIRS
1971-82
55 lin. ft. and 11 rolls of microfilm

Textual Records: Committee papers, reports, petitions, memorials, bills and resolutions, correspondence, legislative files, subject files, transcripts of hearings, nomination files, and other records, 1971-82. Microfilm copy of general correspondence, 97th Congress, 1981-82 (11 rolls).

 

46.22 RECORDS OF SELECT AND SPECIAL COMMITTEES
1789-1988
3,107 lin. ft.

History: During the early Congresses, select committees, each established to perform a specific function and expiring upon completion of that task, performed the majority of the committee work for the Senate. In the modern Senate, standing committees account for most committee activity. They are appointed to investigate and report on specific issues.

 

46.22.1 Records of select committees, 1789-1921 (1st-66th
Congresses)

Textual Records: Committee papers, reports, petitions, memorials, bills and resolutions, correspondence, legislative case files, transcripts of hearings and executive sessions, investigative files, and other records of select committees on various subjects, 1789-1921.

Microfilm Publication: M1196.

Subject Access Terms: Epidemic diseases; Harpers Ferry, VA, invasion of; Indian depredations; women's suffrage.

 

46.22.2 Records of select committees, 1923-88 (67th-100th
Congresses)

Textual Records: Committee papers, reports, petitions, memorials, bills and resolutions, correspondence, legislative case files, transcripts of hearings and executive sessions, investigative files, and other records of the following select committees:

Select or Special Committee Volume Dates Congresses
On Investigation of the United States Veterans' Bureau 17 ft. 1923-24 67th-68th
To Investigate Air Mail and Ocean Mail Contracts 72 ft. 1933-35 72d-74th
Investigating the Munitions Industry 160 ft. 1934-36 73d-74th
To Investigate the Administration of the Virgin Islands 8 ft. 1935 74th
To Investigate Production, Transportation, and Marketing of Wool 10 ft. 1935-38 74th-75th
To Investigate Lobbying Activities 120 ft. 1935-40 74th-76th
To Investigate Unemployment and Relief 6 in. 1937 75th
To Investigate Conditions in the American Merchant Marine 7 ft. 1938-42 75th-77th
To Investigate Administration and Operation of Civil Service Laws and Classification Act of 1923 10 ft. 1938-45 75th-79th
To Investigate the National Defense Program* 775 ft. 1941-48 77th-80th
To Investigate Gasoline and Fuel Oil Shortages 18 ft. 1941-44 77th-78th
Investigating Petroleum Resources 20 ft. 1944 79th
On Reconstruction of Senate Roof and Skylights and Remodeling of Senate Chamber 3 in. 1945-48 79th-80th
On Atomic Energy 15 ft. 1945-46 79th
To Investigate Campaign Expenditures (various committees) 93 ft. 1924-46 68th-79th
Investigation of Bureau of Internal Revenue 4 in. 1924 68th
On Post Office Leases 1 in. 1930-31 71st
To Study Reorganization of Courts 2 in. 1937 75th
On Taxation of Governmental Securities and Salaries 2 in. 1938 75th
On Small Business 215 ft. 1950 81st
To Investigate Organized Crime in Interstate Commerce 90 ft. 1950-51 81st-82d
On Investigation of Cover on Mail of Senators 1 in. 1954 83d
For Contribution Investigation 2 ft. 1956 84th
To Investigate Political Activities, Lobbying, and Campaign Contributions 18 ft. 1956-57 84th-85th
To Study Foreign Aid Program 3 ft. 1956-57 84th-85th
On Improper Activities in Labor-Management Field 488 ft. 1957-60 85th-86th
On National Water Resources 12 ft. 1959-60 86th
On Standards and Conduct 17 ft. 1964-76 88th-94th
On Aging 18 ft. 1969-88 91st-100th
On Ethics 52 ft. 1969-88 91st-100th
On Indian Affairs 47 ft. 1969-88 91st-100th
On Presidential Campaign Activities* 435 ft. 1973-74 93d
To Study Law Enforcement Activities of the Department of Justice 42 ft. 1969-88 91st-100th
On Nutrition and Human Needs 10 ft. 1967-88 90th-100th
Senate Commission on Security and Cooperation in Europe 11 ft. 1986-87 99th-100th
On Standards and Conduct 32 ft. 1969-88 91st-100th
To Study Senate Committee System 3 ft. 1975-76 94th
    1983-84 98th
To Study Government Operations with Respect to Intelligence Activities (Church Committee)** 105 ft. 1958-76 94th
On the Operation of the Senate 14 ft. 1975-77 94th-95th
On National Emergencies and Delegated Emergency Powers 23 ft. 1969-88 91st-100th
On Secret Military Assistance to Iran and the Nicaraguan Opposition* 125 ft. 1987 100th

* SEE ALSO nontextual descriptions. ** Portions relating to President Kennedy's assassination are administered by the National Archives as part of the President John F. Kennedy Assassination Records Collection.

Video Recordings (240 items): Hearings of the Select Committee on Secret Military Assistance to Iran and the Nicaraguan Opposition, 1986-87. SEE ALSO 46.25.

Sound Recordings (393 items): Hearings before the Special Committee to Investigate the National Defense Program, February 11, 1946 (5 items). Recordings made or acquired by the Select Committee on Presidential Campaign Activities, 1972-74 (388 items). SEE ALSO 46.26.

Machine-Readable Records (2 data sets): Records of the Select Committee on Presidential Campaign Activities, consisting of Master Data Base of abstracts for each item of evidence or session of testimony and Master Data Base with Public Information, 1973-74, with supporting documentation. SEE ALSO 46.27.

Finding Aids: Watson G. Caudill, Toussaint L. Prince, and Albert U. Blair, comps., Records of the Special Committee of the Senate to Investigate Air-Mail and Ocean-Mail Contracts, 1933-35, PI 63 (1953). Lester W. Smith, comp., "Preliminary Checklist of the Records of the Special Committee Investigating the Munitions Industry, United States Senate, 1934-36," PC 23 (1945). Harold E. Hufford, comp., assisted by Toussaint L. Prince, Records of the Special Committee of the Senate to Investigate the National Defense Program, 1941-48, PI 48 (1952). George P. Perros, comp., Records of the Special Committee of the Senate to Investigate Petroleum Resources, 1944-46, PI 61 (1953). George P. Perros, comp., Records of the Special Committee of the Senate on Atomic Energy, 1945-46, PI 62 (1953).

Subject Access Terms: ABSCAM Investigation; Truman Committee; Watergate Committee.

 

46.23 CARTOGRAPHIC RECORDS (GENERAL)
1790-1958
1,305 items

Manuscript maps prepared by Executive branch agencies and forwarded to the Senate, 1807-1907 (278 items). Maps published as exhibits to Senate executive documents, showing land surveys, explorations, military operations, boundaries, and Indian land cessions, 1790-1958 (777 items). Internal improvement maps, showing canals, railroads, national roads, and harbors in the eastern United States, 1826-35 (244 items). Committee maps, 1791- 1866 (6 items).

 

46.24 MOTION PICTURES (GENERAL)

SEE UNDER 46.16.

 

46.25 VIDEO RECORDINGS (GENERAL)
1986-90
4,960 items

Television coverage of floor proceedings, 1986-90.

SEE UNDER 46.22.2.

 

46.26 SOUND RECORDINGS (GENERAL)
1975-76
65 items

Meetings, seminars, and interviews, Commission on the Operation of the Senate, 1975-76.

SEE UNDER 46.11 and 46.22.2.

 

46.27 MACHINE-READABLE RECORDS (GENERAL)

SEE UNDER 46.13, 46.19, and 46.22.2.


Bibliographic note: Web version based on Guide to Federal Records in the National Archives of the United States. Compiled by Robert B. Matchette et al. Washington, DC: National Archives and Records Administration, 1995.
3 volumes, 2428 pages.

Ordering information

This Web version is updated from time to time to include records processed since 1995.


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