Records of the Bureau of Medicine and Surgery
(Record Group 52)
Table of Contents
- 52.1 Administrative History
- 52.2 General Records 1812-1994
- 52.3 Records of Office Divisions 1919-78
- 52.3.1 Records of the Division of Preventive Medicine
- 52.3.2 Records of the Administration Division
- 52.3.3 Records of the Dental Division
- 52.3.4 Records of the Personnel Division
- 52.3.5 Records of the Preventive Medicine Division
- 52.3.6 Records of the Research Division
- 52.3.7 Records of the Hospital Administration Division
- 52.3.8 Records of the Physical Qualifications and Medical records Division
- 52.3.9 Records of the Undersea and Radiation Medicine Division
- 52.4 Field Records 1812-1975
- 52.5 Miscellaneous Records 1854-1946
- 52.6 Cartographic Records (General) 1894-1903, 1946
- 52.7 Sound Recordings (General)
- 52.8 Still Pictures (General) 1900-70
Established: In the Department of the Navy by the act abolishing the Board of Naval Commissioners, August 31, 1842 (5 Stat. 579).
- War Department (1789-98)
- Office of the Secretary of the Navy (1798-1842)
Functions: Provided medical and dental services to active duty and retired navy personnel and their dependents.
Abolished: October 1, 1982, by realignment directive of the Office of the Chief of Naval Operations.
Successor Agencies: Naval Medical Command.
Finding Aids: Kenneth F. Bartlett, comp., Preliminary Inventory of the Bureau of Medicine and Surgery, PI 6 (1948); Harry Schwartz, comp., "Supplement to Preliminary Inventory No. 6: Records of the Bureau of Medicine and Surgery," NM 48 (1965); supplement in National Archives microfiche edition of preliminary inventories.
Related Records: Record copies of publications of the Bureau of Medicine and Surgery in RG 287, Publications of the U.S. Government.
History: Department of the Navy established by act of April 30, 1798 (1 Stat. 553), assuming responsibility for naval affairs formerly vested in the War Department. Secretary of the Navy had direct supervision over assignment of medical personnel to naval vessels and shore establishments until creation of Bureau of Medicine and Surgery, 1842. SEE 52.1.
Textual Records: Subject files, 1941-53. Meeting minutes of the Policy Board, 1947-66. President John F. Kennedy's autopsy report and related records, 1963-94.
Textual Records: Letters sent, 1842-86, and received, 1842-85, with indexes and registers. General correspondence, 1885-1971 (1,745 ft.), with indexes and registers. Formerly secret and confidential correspondence, 1920-66, with a register. Correspondence relating to the Honorary Civilian Consultants Committee, 1954-66.
Textual Records: Medical journals of shore stations, 1812-1912; ships, 1813-1910; and expeditions, 1872-8. Lists of patients, 1830-89. Hospital admission papers, 1825-89. Lists of medical records, 1813-1912. Sick reports, 1851-80. Medical certificates and casualty lists, 1828-1939. Annual sanitary reports, 1907, 1919, 1927, 1943. Reports relating to survivors of wrecked ships and aircraft, 1942-45. Personnel records, 1824-1930, including lists of medical officers, 1824-73; statements of medical officers' service, 1842-73; and appointment papers of stewards, apothecaries, and nurses, 1861-84.
Textual Records: Minutes, publications, reports, and correspondence of subcommittees of the Division of Medical Science, National Research Council, 1940-44.
Textual Records: Correspondence and other records of the Administrative History Section, 1943-46. Circular letters and notices, 1920-67. Canceled and superseded publications, 1954-66.
Textual Records: General correspondence, 1951-71. Records relating to comprehensive surveys and inspections of dental facilities and activities conducted by the Inspector General (Dental), 1964-70. Correspondence of the Professional Branch, 1971. Subject files of the Assistant Deputy Chief for Denistry (Deputy Division Chief), 1965-70.
Textual Records: Correspondence of the Medical Corps Branch, 1919-50, 1955-57.
Textual Records: Correspondence of the Armed Forces Epidemiological Board, 1954-70. Subject file of the Communicable Disease Control Section, 1942-52.
Textual Records: Terminated medical research project reports, 1940-66.
Textual Records: Administrative studies, 1947-61.
Textual Records: Policy correspondence, 1950-63.
Textual Records: Records relating to nuclear testing, contamination, and exposure, 1946-78. Correspondence of the Submarine and Diving Medical Branch, 1968-71.
Sound Recordings (2 items): Conference on "Carcinogenesis (Alleged) Related to Exposure to Microwave Radiation," August 12, 1976.
Textual Records: Letters sent, 1880-1909, and received, 1880- 1911. Orders and notices, 1905-9. Records relating to the history of the Navy Nurse Corps, 1908-75.
Textual Records: Registers of patients at naval hospitals, 1812- 1929 and medical logs and reports, 1871-1971. Records (in Boston) of the U.S. Naval Hospital, Portsmouth, NH, consisting of letters sent, 1865-85, and received, 1865-92. Records (in New York) of the U.S. Naval Hospital, Brooklyn, NY, consisting of a register of deaths and burials, 1831-94, and a register of remains of military personnel returned from Europe, 1919-22. Letters sent by the surgeon, U.S. Naval Asylum, Philadelphia, PA, 1863-65 (in Philadelphia). Records (in Philadelphia) of the U.S. Naval Hospital, Philadelphia, PA, consisting of letters sent, 1868-96, and a register of autopsies, 1909-18.
Textual Records: Letters sent by ships' surgeons, 1859-86. Expenditure book, U.S. Receiving Ship Ontario, 1844-46. Records of the Hospital Corps Archives relating to medical personnel at Bilibid and other Japanese prison camps, 1941-45.
Textual Records: Requisitions for funds for navy agents, 1854-57. Journals of expenditures, 1884-98, 1922-26. Records relating to the history (1775-1945) of naval medicine, n.d. Historical supplements submitted with sanitary reports, 1941-46. Partial set (3 vols.) of a history of the Naval Medical Department, 1941-45.
Maps (26 items):Published atlas illustrating distribution and disease transmission characteristics of mosquito species in the Southwest Pacific, 1946.
Architectural and Engineering Plans (17 items): Plans of barracks and other buildings on naval hospital grounds at Brooklyn, NY; Pensacola, FL; Norfolk, VA; and Mare Island, CA, 1894-1903.
SEE UNDER 52.3.9
Photographs (1,416 images):Graduating classes, Naval Hospital Corps Schools, Norfolk, VA, and Washington, DC, and the navy hospital, Norfolk, VA, 1900-10 (C, 41 images). Navy hospital construction, Portsmouth, VA (H, 39 images). Navy hospitals and dispensaries, and treatment of casualties in Normandy, France, and in southern England, 1944 (G, 303 images). Navy Nurse Corps uniforms, 1908-70 (NNU, 304 images). Navy medical facilities, equipment, and research activities; the evacuation of the wounded and battlefield surgical techniques during the Korean War; postoperative care; and medical personnel and patients, 1952-56 (KST, 202 images; NMB, 148 images; NMF, 379 images).
Lantern slides (18 images): Gas warfare, equipment, and first aid, 1918-19 (S).
Bibliographic note: Web version based on Guide to Federal Records in the National Archives of the United States. Compiled by Robert B. Matchette et al. Washington, DC: National Archives and Records Administration, 1995.
3 volumes, 2428 pages.
This Web version is updated from time to time to include records processed since 1995.