Records of the Military Government of Veracruz
(Record Group 141)
Table of Contents
- 141.1 ADMINISTRATIVE HISTORY
- 141.2 RECORDS OF THE OFFICE OF THE MILITARY GOVERNOR
- 141.3 RECORDS OF THE CUSTOMS SERVICE
- 141.4 RECORDS OF THE FINANCE DEPARTMENT
- 141.5 RECORDS OF THE LEGAL DEPARTMENT
- 141.6 RECORDS OF THE PUBLIC SAFETY DEPARTMENT
- 141.7 STILL PICTURES (GENERAL)
Established: By Presidential order, effective April 30, 1914. Formally proclaimed May 2, 1914.
- Naval Administration of Civil Affairs (Apr. 1914)
Abolished: By withdrawal of U.S. troops, November 23, 1914.
Successor Agencies: Mexican civil administration.
Finding Aids: Kenneth W. Munden, Records of the Military Government of Veracruz, PI 138 (1962); copy in National Archives microfiche edition of preliminary inventories.
Records of the Dominican Customs Receivership, RG 139.
Records of the Military Government of Cuba, RG 140.
Language Note: Most of the records are in Spanish.
History: In "Tampico Incident," April 9, 1914, U.S. Navy personnel were arrested by Mexican soldiers of General Victoriano Huerta. Subsequently released, but without apology. On April 21, 1914, President Woodrow Wilson ordered U.S. Navy forces under Rear Adm. Frank F. Fletcher to occupy the Mexican port city of Veracruz, an important munitions debarkation point for Huerta forces. Initially, municipal government maintained by city officials, but on April 26, 1914, martial law was declared and the Naval Administration of Civil Affairs was proclaimed. Superseded effective with the assumption of command by Brig. Gen. Frederick Funston, April 30, 1914, and formal proclamation of Military Government of Veracruz, May 2, 1914. SEE 141.1.
Textual Records: Correspondence and reports of the officer in charge of civil affairs, April-November 1914, with an index. Daily reports of the Treasurer, May-November 1914. Daily customhouse cash reports, July-October 1914. Orders relating to civil affairs, May-October 1914. Printed notices and newspaper items relating to civil affairs, April-November 1914.
Textual Records: Correspondence of the Administrator of Customs and Captain of the Port, April-November 1914, with an index. Correspondence of the Customhouse Secretary, April-November 1914, with lists of files. Registers of letters sent and received by the Customhouse Secretary, May-November 1914. Records of the Cashier, April-November 1914. Records of the Treasurer (fiscal officer) of the Customhouse, May-November 1914. General files of the Office of the Inspector of Lighthouses, April-November 1914.
Textual Records: Miscellaneous correspondence, reports on receipts and expenditures, and legal opinions of the Office of the Chief of the Finance Department, May-November 1914. Records of the Mexican Federal Stamp Office, April-November 1914. Monthly statements of account of the Veracruz State Tax Office, May- November 1914. Receipts and expenditure vouchers of the Municipal Treasury, May-November 1914.
Textual Records: Record of civil claims and rent cases, May- November 1914. Records of proceedings of Superior Provost Court and Provost Court No. 4, May-November 1914.
Photographic Prints (369 images, in Washington Area): Prisoners appearing before Provost Court No. 4, in album, May-August 1914. SEE ALSO 141.7.
Textual Records: Correspondence, reports, and other records of the Chief of the Public Safety Department relating to sanitation, food supply, licenses, permits, and the maintenance of order, May-November 1914, with indexes. Records of the Office of the Chief of Police, May-November 1914.
Photographic Prints (467 images, in Washington Area): Public Safety Department offices, the provost courts, and the office of the officer in charge of civil affairs, 1909-14 (14 images). Prisoners committed to the municipal jail, in album, May-September 1914 (453 images). SEE ALSO 141.7.
SEE Photographic Prints UNDER 141.5 and 141.6.
Bibliographic note: Web version based on Guide to Federal Records in the National Archives of the United States. Compiled by Robert B. Matchette et al. Washington, DC: National Archives and Records Administration, 1995.
3 volumes, 2428 pages.
This Web version is updated from time to time to include records processed since 1995.