Guide to Federal Records

Records of the Commissary General of Prisoners


(Record Group 249)
1861-1905
161 cu. ft.

Overview of Records Locations

Table of Contents

  • 249.1 ADMINISTRATIVE HISTORY
  • 249.2 RECORDS OF THE OFFICE OF THE COMMISSARY GENERAL OF PRISONERS 1861-67 242 lin. ft.
  • 249.2.1 General records
  • 249.2.2 Records relating to individual prisoners of war
  • 249.2.3 Records relating to claims of former federal prisoners of war
  • 249.2.4 Miscellaneous records
  • 249.3 RECORDS OF THE PRISONER OF WAR DIVISION, ADJUTANT GENERAL'S OFFICE 1861-1905 35 lin. ft.
  • 249.3.1 General records
  • 249.3.2 Records relating to individual federal prisoners of war
  • 249.3.3 Miscellaneous records
  • 249.4 RECORDS OF THE COMMISSIONER FOR THE EXCHANGE OF PRISONERS 1862-65 4 lin. ft.
  • 249.5 RECORDS OF THE FEDERAL PAROLE CAMPS 1861-66 145 lin. ft.
  • 249.5.1 Records of Benton Barracks, MO
  • 249.5.2 Records of Camp Chase, OH
  • 249.5.3 Records of College Green Barracks, MD
  • 249.5.4 Records of Camp Parole, MD
  • 249.6 RECORDS OF THE FEDERAL PRISONER-OF-WAR MILITARY PRISONS AND PRISON CAMPS 1862-65 7 lin. ft.

249.1 ADMINISTRATIVE HISTORY

Established: As an independent activity of the War Department, by War Department General Order 67, June 17, 1862, replacing an officer detailed as Commissary General of Prisoners under the Quartermaster General.

Functions: Conducted business with Confederate authorities concerning U.S. ("federal") prisoners of war, and maintained parole camps in which federal prisoners of war released by the Confederacy were confined pending a prisoner-of-war exchange. Supervised Confederate prisoners of war and civilians interned in U.S. prisons and prison camps. After the war, settled prisoner- of-war claims.

Abolished: By memorandum of Secretary of War ad interim Ulysses S. Grant, August 19, 1867.

Successor Agencies: Prisoner of War Division, Adjutant General's Office.

Finding Aids: Patricia Andrews, comp., "Preliminary Inventory of the Records of the Office of the Commissary General of Prisoners," NM 68 (1966).

Related Records: Records relating to Confederate soldiers in Union prisons in RG 109, War Department Collection of Confederate Records.

249.2 RECORDS OF THE OFFICE OF THE COMMISSARY GENERAL OF
PRISONERS
1861-67
242 lin. ft.

History: Lt. Col. William Hoffman detailed as Commissary General of Prisoners under Quartermaster General, October 7, 1861. Assigned, as brigadier general, to head newly created Office of Commissary General of Prisoners, 1862. SEE 249.1.

249.2.1 General records