Records of ACTION
(Record Group 362)
Table of Contents
- 362.1 Administrative History
- 362.2 Records of the Office of Voluntary Action (OVA) in the Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) 1968-71
- 362.3 Records of ACTION 1965-77
- 362.4 Records of the Commission on National and Community Service 1993
- 362.5 Motion Pictures (General) 1964-71
- 362.6 Sound Recordings (General) 1971-81
- 362.7 Still Pictures (General) 1964-89
Established: As a U.S. Government corporation by Section 202 of the National and Community Service Trust Act of 1993 (107 Stat. 873), September 21, 1993. Although "Corporation for National and Community Service" is the legal name, the shortened form "Corporation for National Service" is commonly used.Predecessor Agencies:
- In the Office of Economic Opportunity (OEO), Executive Office of the President: Office of Volunteers in Service to America (VISTA, 1964-71)
- Office of Special Programs (National Student Volunteer Program, 1970-71)
- Foster Grandparent Program (1965-71)
- Retired Senior Volunteer Program (1971)
- Peace Corps (1961-71)
- Office of Voluntary Action (1969-71)
- Service Corps of Retired Executives (SCORE, 1964-71)
- Active Corps of Executives (ACE, 1969-71)
- ACTION (1971-93)
- Commission on National and Community Service (1990-93)
Functions: Administers all community-based service programs sponsored by the Federal Government including AmeriCorps and its component programs, Learn and Serve America, and the National Senior Service Corps and its component programs.
Finding Aids: Preliminary Inventory in National Archives microfiche edition of preliminary inventories.Related Records:
Record copies of publications of ACTION in RG 287, Publications of the U.S. Government.
General Records of the Department of Housing and Urban Development, RG 207.
General Records of the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, RG 235.
Records of the Office of Economic Opportunity in RG 381, Records of the Community Services Administration.
Records of the Peace Corps, RG 490.
History:OVA established by Circular 1115.2, HUD, May 27, 1969, to assist the Secretary of HUD in carrying out responsibility for encouraging development of federal and non-federal voluntary activities. Became staff office of the Cabinet Committee for Voluntary Action (CCVA) pursuant to its establishment, by EO 11470, May 28, 1969, as an interagency body, chaired by the Secretary of HUD, to coordinate the government's use of volunteers. OVA also worked closely with the privately organized and funded National Center for Volunteer Action, established by presidential announcement, November 4, 1969, to encourage voluntary action in the private sector. Pursuant to the establishment of ACTION by Reorganization Plan No. 1 of 1971, effective July 1, 1971, OVA transferred to ACTION, effective July 1, 1971, by EO 11603, June 30, 1971, with CCVA abolished by same order. OVA redesignated Office of Voluntary Action Liaison.
Textual Records: Subject file, 1969-70, including correspondence, reports, and other records. Correspondence of the Executive Director, 1969-71. Correspondence with members of the Congress, 1969-71. Reading file, 1968-69, of staff member Elinor K. Wolf, responsible for coordinating voluntary efforts in the field of education. Staff memorandums, January-October 1969. Records relating to meetings, 1969-70. Correspondence, studies, and other records relating to various voluntary projects, 1969-70. Records, 1969-71, of the Rubella Task Force, which coordinated voluntary action to immunize children against rubella. Files of speeches and other public statements, 1969-70, mainly of CCVA members and OVA officials. Reference file of publications, 1969-71.
History: ACTION established as an independent agency pursuant to Reorganization Plan No. 1 of 1971, effective July 1, 1971, and EO 11603, June 30, 1971. Consolidated into ACTION, effective July 1, 1971, were domestic volunteer programs established in the Office of Economic Opportunity pursuant to the Economic Opportunity Act of 1964 (78 Stat. 508), August 20, 1964 (VISTA and National Student Volunteer Program); domestic volunteer programs established in the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare pursuant to the Older Americans Act of 1965 (79 Stat. 218), July 14, 1965, and the Older Americans Act Amendments of 1969 (83 Stat. 111), September 17, 1969 (Foster Grandparents Program and Retired Senior Volunteer Program); the international volunteer programs represented by the Peace Corps, established in the Department of State pursuant to EO 10924, March 1, 1961; and the volunteer action clearinghouse functions vested in the Office of Voluntary Action, Department of Housing and Urban Development, pursuant to EO 11470, May 26, 1969.
ACTION also assumed from OEO responsibility for providing logistical support to the volunteer programs of the Small Business Administration, SCORE (established April 1964) and ACE (established August 1969). ACTION responsibility for SCORE and ACE terminated, 1976.
Senior Companions Program established in ACTION, 1973. National Student Volunteer Program redesignated National Center for Service Learning, 1980; terminated and superseded by Student Community Service Projects, 1987.
Peace Corps separated from ACTION, 1982. (For an administrative history of the Peace Corps, see RG 490.)
ACTION's functions ordered transferred to newly established Corporation for National and Community Service (CNCS) no later than March 22, 1995, by Section 203 of the National and Community Service Trust Act of 1993 (107 Stat. 892), September 21, 1993. ACTION abolished by Presidential Proclamation 6662, April 4, 1994 (3 CFR, 1994 ed., 22). See 362.1.
Textual Records: Records, 1965-77. Region V training files, 1975-76, and administrative files, 1974-76 (in Chicago).
History: Established by Subtitle G of Title I of the National and Community Service Act of 1990 (104 Stat. 3168), November 16, 1990. Made grants, mainly to community-based organizations, for development of programs that would involve Americans of all ages in community service. Abolished by Section 202 of the National and Community Service Trust Act of 1993 (107 Stat. 888), September 21, 1993, with functions transferred to CNCS. See 362.1.
Color Slides: Summer of Service program "kickoff" held on June 20, 1993, at Treasure Island Naval Base in San Francisco, CA (SS, 284 images).362.5 Motion Pictures (General)
Films documenting such activities as the Head Start Program, the preparation of various VISTA television spot announcements, and the Foster Grandparent Program, 1964-71 (32 reels).
Slide and audio cassette presentations featuring ACTION volunteer programs, 1971-81 (AV, 4 items).362.7 Still Pictures (General)
Photographs: VISTA volunteer file, 1964-79 (V, 29,057 images). VISTA subject file, 1964-79 (VS, 15,452 images).
Color Slides: Recruiting presentations for the Peace Corps, VISTA, and Senior Companion Program, 1971-81 (AV, 416 images).
Posters: Recruiting posters for domestic volunteer programs, 1987-89 (VP, 16 images).
Bibliographic note: Web version based on Guide to Federal Records in the National Archives of the United States. Compiled by Robert B. Matchette et al. Washington, DC: National Archives and Records Administration, 1995.
3 volumes, 2428 pages.
This Web version is updated from time to time to include records processed since 1995.