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Desegregating the Classroom
The NAACP Legal Team, led by Thurgood Marshall, began its strategy for improving equal opportunities in the classroom during the early 1940s, when numerous cases were filed in court to obtain equal pay for African American teachers. In 1949, the Legal Team, supporting local parents, filed Briggs v. Elliott in South Carolina, the first case attempting to improve conditions for black K-12 students. When two of three federal judges ruled against the parents, the case was appealed to the U.S. Supreme Court along with four other cases now known as Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka. In the 1960s, the next strategy for the Legal Team was to challenge segregation in higher education, with the most notable attempt being James Meredith's matriculation at the University of Mississippi. Although the legal ruling for public school integration was made in Brown v. Board of Education in 1955, it was not mandated throughout the South until the late 1960s and early 1970s, with the assistance of the Office of Education.
New School in District 22

Fontana Dam Schools

1942-1944

Equal Pay for Black Teachers

Equal Pay

February 6, 1945

Briggs v. Elliott

Briggs v. Elliott

1950-1951

Desegregation at UGA

Desegregating UGA

1960-1961

James Meredith

James Meredith & Ole Miss

1961-1962

Communicating School Desegregation

County Schools Plan

1965-1967

Jasper County Desegregation Plane

Desegregation Plans

September 1970