Access and Outrage
With the progress made toward equal access in the workplace and in the classroom came more outrage and contention across the South, and uniformed veterans of World War II like Isaac Woodard, Jr. were not exempt. While U.S. v. City of Montgomery disputed segregation in an airport, the Montgomery Bus Boycott and the resulting court case, Browder v. Gayle, ended segregation on public buses and created a reluctant Civil Rights icon. Already an icon by 1962, Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., with members of the Albany (GA) movement, used the federal courts to contest their right to peacefully assemble. Echoing the harsh and brutal tactics of the Jim Crow era, members of the Ku Klux Klan in Mississippi, with the help of Deputy Sheriff Cecil Price, murdered three civil rights workers during Freedom Summer 1964. And in March 1965, the streets of Selma, Alabama became the center of this struggle for the right to occupy public space when law enforcement officials violently thwarted a planned peaceful march that included future Congressman John Lewis (D-GA) and many others.

The matriculation of James Meredith to the University of Mississippi sparked riots throughout Oxford on September 30 and October 1, 1962, leaving two people dead. The records of the U.S. Marshals Service (Record Group 527) contain interviews, forensic analysis, and photographs which document the violence and chaos of that turbulent time.
Segregation at Montgomery Airport

Separate Facilities

July 1961

Blinding of Isaac Woodard, Jr.

U.S. Army Veteran Blinded

February 1946

Montgomery Bus Boycott

Montgomery Bus Boycott

December 1955-June 1956

Right to Assemble in Albany, GA

The Right to Assemble


University of Mississippi Riots

Investigation into Riots

September-November 1962

Civil Rights Workers Murdered

Rights Workers Murdered


Selma to Montgomery march

The March to Selma

March 1965