Air Pollution In North Carolina
In 1962, the rural community of Spruce Pine, North Carolina took action against the International Minerals & Chemical Company for their role in polluting the local air. Since this was before the establishment of the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), these types of public health issues were left to local Boards of Health and the courts to adjudicate. After two years of legal proceedings, the U.S. District Court in Asheville ruled in favor of the citizens, giving them a small settlement with the company paying all costs. During the course of the legal fight, Congress passed the Clean Air Act of 1963 authorizing research into techniques for monitoring and controlling air pollution.