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Serves as the trial courts of general federal jurisdiction.

Travesty Upon Justice

"Travesty Upon Justice..."

May 1903

Although they did not want their names brought up in any investigations of civil rights violations, some Southerners...

Tags: African Americans | Alabama
Robinson v. Memphis and Charleston Railroad

Railroad Lawsuit


In 1875 the strongest Civil Rights Act of the nineteenth century passed in Congress guaranteeing equal access to public facilities...

Tags: African Americans | Railroads | Tennessee
Leo M. Frank

Leo Frank


Leo Frank, a Jewish American, was the superintendant of the National Pencil Company in Atlanta when he was accused of murdering...

Tags: Georgia | Jewish Americans
Equal Pay for Black Teachers

Equal Pay

February 6, 1945

When they returned to the classroom after their service in World War II, many African American teachers were inspired to gain equality of pay ...

Tags: African Americans | South Carolina
Briggs v. Elliott

Briggs v. Elliott


In 1947, Harry and Eliza Briggs were concerned parents in Summerton, South Carolina because their children were not afforded the opportunity...

Tags: African Americans | South Carolina
Desegregation at UGA

Desegregating UGA


In September 1960, Hamilton Holmes and Charlayne Hunter, two African American high school classmates from Atlanta, filed suit against...

Tags: African Americans | Georgia
James Meredith

James Meredith & Ole Miss


In the same month that Charlayne Hunter and Hamilton Holmes matriculated to the University of Georgia (January 1961), another African American student...

Tags: African Americans | Mississippi
Blinding of Isaac Woodard, Jr.

U.S. Army Veteran Blinded

February 1946

On February 12, 1946, hours after being honorably discharged from the U.S. Army, African American World War II veteran...

Tags: African Americans | South Carolina
Montgomery Bus Boycott

Montgomery Bus Boycott

December 1955-June 1956

Aurelia S. Browder, et al. v. W.A. Gayle, et al. was the landmark court case that accompanied the Montgomery Bus Boycott and led to...

Tags: African Americans | Alabama
Separate Facilities

Separate Facilities

July 1961

Furthering equal access was U.S. v. City of Montgomery, in July 1961, which contested segregated facilities and services for passengers...

Tags: African Americans | Alabama | Aviation