Diversity in World War I

America’s diverse population of recent European immigrants, women, African Americans, Asian Americans, and Native Americans volunteered with civilian organizations on the homefront, while others wore military uniforms and served overseas.


Colored Troops - Commander of U.S. Labor Battalion and Staff. Captain E. S. J1s and Staff at Governor's Island . Captain J1s is commander of the U.S. Labor Battalion stationed there

Women's machine gun squad police reserves, New York City

Indian troops enroute to the trenches. Scene during the Mesopotamian campaign

New York's Colored Regiment Returns Home on Stockholm



Explore photographs, textual, and other records related to diversity in World War I in our Catalog.

There are more than 110,000 World War I photographs in the National Archives Catalog. 

Interested in further online research?  Visit the National Archives Catalog to begin your own search.

While many resources are available online for research, there are many more records to discover in National Archives research rooms across the country. The following records have been described at the Series and File Unit level, but have not yet been digitized. This list is not exhaustive; please consult our Catalog to browse more records, and contact the Reference Unit listed in each description for more information. Records listed below include information about African Americans, Native Americans, women, religious minorities, and others.

Explore teaching and learning resources for World War I, including primary sources, online tools, lesson plans, and multimedia.