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National Archives Marks Holocaust Days of Remembrance
Press Release · Monday, April 24, 2017

Washington, DC

National Archives preserves Holocaust records and ensures that the Holocaust is not forgotten

The National Archives marks the annual Days of Remembrance of the Holocaust with a special new National Archives News web page highlighting the National Archives’ Holocaust-related holdings and resources, and remembrance events at National Archives facilities nationwide—including today's announcement of a special Holocaust records project at the Franklin D. Roosevelt Presidential Library and Museum.

Project Launched to link Holocaust-related holdings at the FDR Library

Today, the Franklin D. Roosevelt Presidential Library and Museum in Hyde Park, NY, is formally establishing the Henry Morgenthau, Jr., Holocaust Collections: A Curatorial Project—a digitally curated pathfinding tool uniting the unique Holocaust-related records in the Roosevelt Library’s holdings. This project will provide greater awareness of and access to three major Library collections: the Morgenthau Papers & Diaries, the Records of the War Refugee Board, and the Rudolf Vrba Papers, and will make these records available online at www.fdrlibrary.org. This project is named in honor of Henry Morgenthau Jr., President Roosevelt’s Treasury Secretary and a powerful voice in the FDR administration in regards to the treatment of refugees and a seminal force in the establishment of the War Refugee Board.

The National Archives is the international epicenter of Holocaust-era research

The National Archives is the international epicenter of Holocaust-related research. The National Archives holds millions of records created or received by the U.S. Government during and after World War II that document Nazi war crimes, wartime refugee issues, and activities and investigations of U.S. Government agencies involved in the identification and recovery of looted assets (including gold, art, and cultural property)—as well as captured German records used as evidence at the Nuremberg International Military Tribunals. We not only hold these records, we provide public access to them:

Records of the Monuments Men at the National Archives

The National Archives’ Holocaust-era holdings include documentation of Nazi-era looted assets, including the original records of the Monuments Men. These extensive holdings document the activities and investigations of U.S. Government agencies involved in the identification and recovery of looted assets, including the Office of Strategic Services and U.S. occupation forces in Germany and Austria. The materials also include contain captured German records about looted art, including the Einsatzstab Reichsleiter Rosenberg (ERR) card file and related photographs.

So-called “Hitler Albums” of Looted Art at the National Archives

The so-called "Hitler Albums" document the unprecedented and systematic looting of European art by the Nazis, a story brought to the screen by George Clooney in The Monuments Men film. As the ERR looted, photographed, and catalogued French collections, they created albums documenting these thefts. After the war, the U.S. Army discovered 39 of these albums and turned them over to the Monuments Men for use in identifying art work to be restituted. These volumes, now in the holdings of the National Archives, served as evidence in the Nuremburg trials to document the massive Nazi art looting operations. Until recently, it was believed that the missing ERR albums had been destroyed. Thanks to the Monuments Men Foundation, founded by Robert Edsel, four additional albums have been recovered and donated to the National Archives.

Additional online resources:

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For press information contact the National Archives Public and Media Communications Staff at 202-357-5300.

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This page was last reviewed on April 24, 2017.
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