Pictures of American Indians
The pictures listed in this leaflet portray Native Americans, their homes and activities. They have been selected from pictorial records deposited in the National Archives by 15 Government agencies, principally the Bureau of Indian Affairs, the Bureau of American Ethnology, and the United States Army.
All of the pictures described in the list are either photographs or copies of artworks. Any item not identified as an artwork is a photograph. Whenever available, the name of the photographer or artist and the date of the item have been given. This information is followed by the identification number.
The pictures are grouped by subject. English names of individuals have been used, with native or secondary designations in parentheses. Tribal names as specific as possible have been incorporated into the descriptions where known and where appropriate and an index by tribe follows the list.
Captions for and the terms used to describe the photographs in this list were created at or about the time each image was made. Consequently, some of the terms used at the time may now be considered by Native Americans to be outdated, inaccurate, derogatory, disrespectful, or culturally insensitive. To learn more about this topic researchers should contact the individual tribal archives, museums, or libraries. For a list, see the National Directory of Tribal Archives, Museums and Libraries.
Many photographs relating to Native Americans are not included in this list. Separate inquiries about them should be as specific as possible, including names, dates, places, and other details.
2. Sioux Indian police lined up on horseback in front of Pine Ridge Agency buildings, Dakota Territory, August 9, 1882. National Archives Identifier: 519143
9. Pisehedwin, a Potawatomi, and others in front of his Kansas farm home, 1877. National Archives Identifier: 519145
10. Pumpkins growing in front of a single-family Zuni adobe. Photographed by John K. Hillers, ca. 1879 . National Archives Identifier: 523778
11. Apache basketwork collection of Lt. L. P. Davidson, 11th Infantry, 1893. National Archives Identifier: 530874
16. String and belt wampum, ca. 1890.
27. Angelic La Moose, whose grandfather was a Flathead chief, wearing costume her mother made; full-length, standing, in front of a tent, Flathead Reservation, Mont. Photographed by H. T. Cory, September 1913 . National Archives Identifier: 519156
29. Navajo papoose on a cradleboard with a lamb approaching, Window Rock, Arizona. Photographed by H. Armstrong Roberts, ca. 1936 . National Archives Identifier: 519160
30. Treaty signing by William T. Sherman and the Sioux at Fort Laramie, Wyoming. Photographed by Alexander Gardner, 1868 . National Archives Identifier: 531079
32. Delegates from 34 tribes in front of Creek Council House, Indian Territory (Oklahoma), ca. 1880 . National Archives Identifier: 519141
33. Council of Sioux chiefs and leaders that settled the Indian wars, Pine Ridge, South Dakota. Photographed by John C. H. Grabill, 1891 . National Archives Identifier: 530889
34. Jesse Cornplanter, descendant of Cornplanter, the famous Seneca chief, making a ceremonial mask, Tonawanda Community House, Tonawanda, N.Y. Photographed by Helen Post, 1940 . National Archives Identifier: 519162
35. Kidd Smith, Seneca carver, at work in the Tonawanda Community House. Photographed by Helen Post, 1940 . National Archives Identifier: 519161
36. Salvadora Valensuelo, a Mission woman, making lace, Pala Mission, Calif. Photographed by Walter D. Wilcox, 1936 . National Archives Identifier: 519157
37. Navajo silversmith with examples of his work and tools. Photographed by Ben Wittick, ca. 1880 . National Archives Identifier: 518913
42. Medicine Man Charlie Turquoise (third from right) leads a group of Navajo dancers, Fort Wingate, N. Mex. U.S. Army Signal Corps photograph, 1941 . National Archives Identifier: 531134
44. Big Foot's band of Miniconjou Sioux in costume at a dance, Cheyenne River, S. Dak. Photographed by John C. H. Grabill, August 9, 1890 . National Archives Identifier: 530888
48. Oto delegation of five wearing claw necklaces and fur turbans. Photographed by John K. Hillers, January 1881 . National Archives Identifier: 523831
49. Red Cloud delegation. Left to right: Red Dog, Little Wound, John Bridgeman (interpreter), Red Cloud, American Horse, and Red Shirt. Oglala Sioux, before 1876 . National Archives Identifier: 523664
50. Large delegation with several agents or other officials on the White House grounds. Mathew Brady Collection photograph, before 1877 . National Archives Identifier: 528748
57. Indians in North Carolina fishing with traps, spears, and nets. Artwork by John White, 1885 . National Archives Identifier: 535743
63. Paiute woman grinding seeds in doorway of thatched hut, small boy in foreground. Photographed by John K. Hillers, 1872 . National Archives Identifier: 517728
69. Eskimo group of 11 men, women, and children dressed in fur, Port Clarence, Alaska. Photographed by William Dinwiddie, 1894 . National Archives Identifier: 523820
72. Winema or Tobey Riddle, a Modoc, standing between an agent and her husband Frank (on her left), with four Modoc women in front. Photographed by Eadweard Muybridge, 1873 . National Archives Identifier: 533247
74. Two Tlingit women with several children near the Kotsina River, Alaska. Miles Brothers photograph, 1902 . National Archives Identifier: 524407
77. Summer skin tent with an old Eskimo woman in foreground, Point Barrow, Alaska. Photographed by Stanley Morgan, 1935 . National Archives Identifier: 531122
81. Interior of a Navajo hogan on a New Mexico reservation. Photographed by D. Griffiths, September 13, 1903 . National Archives Identifier: 521045
82. Joseph Matthews, Osage council member, author, historian, and Rhodes scholar, seated at home in front of his fireplace, Oklahoma. Photographed by Andrew T. Kelley, December 16, 1937 . National Archives Identifier: 519163
83. The Arrow Maker and his daughter, Kaivavit Paiutes, in front of their home, northern Arizona. Photographed by Clement Powell, October 4, 1872 . National Archives Identifier: 517726
86. Little Big Mouth, a medicine man, seated in front of his lodge near Fort Sill, Oklahoma, with medicine bag visible from behind the tent. Photographed by William S. Soule, 1869-70 . National Archives Identifier: 518908
109. Miner, Cpl. George, a Winnebago from Tomah, Wisconsin; standing, with rifle, on guard duty, Niederahren, Germany. Photographed by Lt. Nathaniel L. Dewell, U.S. Army Signal Corps, January 2, 1919 . National Archives Identifier: 530786
119. Red Tomahawk, a Yanktonai Sioux policeman at Standing Rock Reservation who may have fired the shot that killed Sitting Bull; bust-length, wearing hat. Photograph taken at Fort Yates, North Dakota, 1897 . National Archives Identifier: 531111
126. Thorpe, James (Jim) Francis (1882-1953), Sauk and Fox from Oklahoma and a famous athlete; full-length, standing, in football uniform of Carlisle Indian School, Pennsylvania, ca. 1909.
127. Umapine (Wakonkonwelasonmi), a Cayuse chief; full-length, standing, wearing a feathered headdress. Halftone of photograph by Joseph K. Dixon, September 1909 . National Archives Identifier: 531112
131. Young-Man-Afraid-of-His-Horses (Tashun-Kakokipa), an Oglala Sioux; standing in front of his lodge,Pine Ridge, S. Dak. Photographed by G.E. Trager, January 17, 1891 . National Archives Identifier: 530813
135. Either Babeshikit, a Kickapoo, or Meraparapa (Lance), a Mandan; portrait, half-length, seated, with white paint on forehead and two-feather headdress, 1894.
139. Group of six Zuni men wearing coats and leather boots; full-length, standing and seated. Photographed by John K. Hillers, 1879 . National Archives Identifier: 523634
140. Calender of 37 months, 1889-92, kept on a skin by Anko, a Kiowa man, ca. 1895.
141. Tipi depicitng battles between Kiowas and U.S. soldiers, ca. 1895.
142. Animal skin with pictorial history of Shoshoni chief Wahakie's combats . National Archives Identifier: 530876
146. Indians of Santa Clara Pueblo, New Mexico, making pottery. Photographed by H. T. Corey, 1916 . National Archives Identifier: 519165
148. Chiricahua Apache prisoners, including Geronimo (first row, third from right), seated on an embankment outside their railroad car, Arizona. Photographed by J. McDonald, 1886 . National Archives Identifier: 530797
152. Sioux boys as they were dressed on arrival at the Carlisle Indian School, Pennsylvania. Photographed by J. N. Choate, October 5, 1879 . National Archives Identifier: 519135
156. Students in cadet uniforms in front of the buildings, Indian training school, Forest Grove, Oreg. Photographed by Davidson, 1882 . National Archives Identifier: 519137
168. Rabbit-Tail, Shoshone member of Captain Ray's scout company; half-length, seated, with bracelets and ornamented vest . National Archives Identifier: 530920
170. Six Eskimos standing beside native skinboat (umiak) on sled, Point Barrow, Alaska. Photographed by Stanley Morgan, 1935 . National Archives Identifier: 531120
176. Acoma Pueblo and its reflection in a pool of water, New Mexico. Photographed by Ansel Adams, 1941-42 . National Archives Identifier: 519831
183. Simiguluk, an Eskimo spear and lancemaker with his wares, Point Barrow, Alaska. Photographed by Stanley Morgan. 1935 . National Archives Identifier: 531121
187. Navajo weaver spinning wool into yarn; full- length, seated, with a loom behind her, Torre'on, New Mexico. Photographed by Milton Snow.
188. Navajo family group in Canyon de Chelle, New Mexico Territory; woman weaving at loom, man holding bow and arrow. Photographed by Timothy H. O'Sullivan, 1873 . National Archives Identifier: 524256
190. Lt. Woody J. Cochran holding a Japanese flag, New Guinea. A Cherokee from Oklahoma and a bomber pilot, Lieutenant Cochran earned the Silver Star, Purple Heart, Distinguished Flying Cross, and Air Medal. April 1, 1943 . National Archives Identifier: 519155
191. Lt. Ernest Childers, a Creek, being congratulated by Gen. Jacob L. Devers after receiving the Congressional Medal of Honor in Italy for wiping out two machinegun nests. U.S. Army Signal Corps photograph, July 13, 1944 . National Archives Identifier: 535783
193. Pfc. Ira H. Hayes, a Pima, at age 19, ready to jump, Marine Corps Paratroop School. One of the four Marines in the lwo Jima flag-raising photograph. U.S. Marine Corps photograph, 1943 . National Archives Identifier: 519164
194. Three Marine Corps women reservists, Camp Lejeune, N.C. Left to right: Minnie Spotted Wolf (Blackfoot), Celia Mix (Potawatomi), and Viola Eastman (Chippewa). U.S. Marine Corps photograph, October 16, 1943. National Archives Identifier: 535876
Acoma, 144, 150, 176
Apache, 5, 11, 23-25, 51, 75, 101, 110, 147-48, 164- 66, 182
Arapaho, 31, 38, 61, 104, 122, 132
Blackfoot, 20, 87, 95, 172, 194
Cherokee, 26, 190
Cheyenne, 31, 96, 115, 174
Chippewa, 3, 14, 120, 194
Comanche, 108, 116
Creek, 32, 191
Crow, 103, 149, 167
Dakota, see Sioux
Eskimo, 39, 52, 62, 69, 77, 88, 170, 183
Flathead, 27, 46
Fox, see Sauk and Fox
Havasupai, 53, 78
Hidatsa, 133, 178
Hopi, 12, 40, 54, 79, 134, 145, 186
Kickapoo, 80, 135
Kiowa, 28, 103, 105, 123, 130, 140-41
Mandan, 41, 47, 98, 135
Manitari, see Hidatsa
Modoc, 72, 93, 121
Navajo, 6-7, 29, 37, 42, 81, 107, 187-88
Nez Perce, 1, 102, 106
Ojibway, see Chippewa
Osage, 28, 82, 137
Paiute, 8, 63, 66-67, 83, 89, 128, 184
Potawatomi, 9, 194
Pueblo, see name of individual Pueblo
Quinaielt, 58, 171
Salish, see Flathead
Santa Clara, 146
Sauk and Fox, 126, 138
Seminole, 59, 64, 111, 151
Shoshoni, 73, 129, 142, 16
Siksika, see Blackfoot
Sioux, 2, 18-19, 21, 30, 33, 43-44, 49, 68, 90-91, 94, 99, 117-19, 124-25, 131, 152
Taos, 65, 180
Tlingit, 55, 74
Ute, 112, 173
Warm Spring, 169
Wichita, 22, 56
Zuni, 10, 45, 114, 139, 181, 189
How to Order
For information on ordering individual images from this select list or other individual prints, negatives, or slides from our holdings, see Ordering Still Picture Reproductions or contact the Still Picture Reference Team, Special Media Archives Services Division (NWCS-Stills), Room 5360, National Archives and Records Administration, 8601 Adelphi Road, College Park, MD 20740-6001. Telephone 301-837-0561. Facsimile: 301-837-3621. E-mail: email@example.com.
Complete Slide Sets
You may order this and other slide sets from the National Technical Information Service (NTIS), 5285 Port Royal Road, Springfield, VA 22161. Telephone: 703-605-6000. Facsimile: 703-605-6900.
Unless otherwise noted, the slide set consists only of black and white images
Pictures of Indians in the United States