The National Archives at Fort Worth

Records of the Weather Bureau

Records Available at the National Archives at Fort Worth

As early as 1814, Army regulations required military posts to keep a diary of the weather.  In 1847, the Smithsonian Institution instituted a system of voluntary weather observation around the country.  In 1870, the meteorological service of the Signal Corps was established and its functions became progressively more extensive.  The Signal Corps’ meteorological services functioned until October 1, 1890 (26 Stat. 653) when Congress established the Weather Bureau in the Department of Agriculture.


Office of Signal Corps

Series Title NARA ID Local Identifier
Letters Sent , 1873 - 1885 2322810 27-1
Registers of Letters Received, 1873 - 1887 2323072 27-2
Daily Station Journals in Texas, 1874 - 1884 2323396 27-3

Weather Bureau