National Archives News

Hispanic Heritage Month

En Español

Hispanic Heritage Month mural


Civil Rights March on Washington, D.C. [Entertainment: closeup view of vocalists Joan Baez and Bob Dylan.]We celebrate Hispanic Heritage Month (September 15 to October 15) to recognize the achievements and contributions of Hispanic American champions who have inspired others to achieve success. The observation began in 1968 as Hispanic Heritage Week under President Lyndon Johnson and was expanded by President Ronald Reagan in 1988 to cover a 30-day period. It was enacted into law on August 17, 1988.

View related records on the Hispanic and Latino Heritage resource page and in the Archives Catalog. Topics include:

Entertainment | Sports | Arts & Culture | Puerto Rico | Prominent Hispanic Americans | Hispanic and Latino issues in the United States

Event for Kids & Families

We hosted a Virtual Pajama Party on Saturday, September 25, 2021. This online event for kids aged 8–12 and their families focused on Sylvia & Aki, an inspiring book based on a true story—and featured civil-rights activist and title character Sylvia Mendez, and acclaimed author Winifred Conkling! Though the live event has passed, you can watch a recording of the pajama party.




An Examination of Hispanic and Latino History

A discussion of documents from the Hernandez v. Corpus Christi, Texas (1959) case. As part of their Documented Rights exhibit, the National Archives at St. Louis hosted a distinguished panel of scholars and legal experts to discuss the historical significance of documents from this landmark case.


Hispanic Americans in Congress 1822–2012

A lecture hosted by the Center for Legislative Archives.


President Reagan's Briefing for Hispanic Appointees

President Reagan's remarks at a White House briefing for Hispanic appointees and members of the Hispanic community in the East Room on July 20, 1982.

The Spanish Earth

The Spanish Earth (Reel 2 of 6) - National Archives and Records Administration 1937. This documentary film uses footage of war and glimpses of rural Spanish life in its portrayal of the struggle of the Spanish Republican government against a rebellion by right-wing forces led by Gen. Francisco Franco and backed by Nazi Germany and fascist Italy. The film was written by Ernest Hemingway and John Dos Passos (among others) and was narrated by Hemingway.


Related Articles

Monuments, Manifest Destiny, and Mexico (Prologue magazine, Summer 2005) - The survey of the U.S.-Mexico borderline, which followed the 1848 Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, is sometimes disparagingly referred to as the stuff that "dime novels" are made of. Dime novel it's not; it is more a narrative of nation-building, centered in President James K. Polk's vision of manifest destiny.

The United States Armed Forces and the Mexican Punitive Expedition (Prologue magazine, Fall 1997) - In February 1917, the last of the U.S. troops serving in the Mexican Punitive Expedition recrossed the border from Mexico into United States, nearly a year after Pancho Villa had raided Columbus, New Mexico. 

refer to caption

The Disturnell map of 1847

The Disturnell map of 1847 was appended to the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo. (General Records of the U.S. Government, RG 11)

Kennedy Library

Documents related to a White House dinner honoring Severo Ochoa, winner of the Nobel Prize and the U.S. National Medal of Science

LBJ Library

Hispanics – The Forgotten Class in Civil Rights History

LBJ and Hispanic Heritage Month

Ford Library

Documents regarding the Forum of National Hispanic Organizations

President Ford '76 Campaign Fact Book—Hispanic Americans

National Hispanic Heritage Week proclamations by President Ford

Carter Library

Notes on a 1980 meeting with Hispanic leaders

Clinton Library

Records on the Mexican Legal Defense and Educational Fund

Presidential Proclamations

Lyndon B. Johnson: Proclamation No. 3869-September 17, 1968(inaugural proclamation)

Ronald Reagan: Proclamation 5859-Sep. 13, 1988(last proclamation for National Hispanic Heritage Week)

George H.W. Bush: Proclamation 6021-September 14, 1989(first proclamation about National Hispanic Heritage Month)

Annotations: Hispanic Heritage Month/The Herman Baca Collection

Forward with Roosevelt: From the Museum: “Holy Family” Carving

JFK Library Archives: Pedro Sanjuan, Insider for Integration

Pieces of History: Frida Kahlo

Pieces of History: Wedding in Rural Queretero

Pieces of History: Simón Bolívar, Latin American Revolutionary

Pieces of History: The Significance of Hispanic Heritage Month | El Significado del Mes de la Herencia Hispana (2018)

Pieces of History: Hispanic Heritage Month at the National Archives | Mes de la Herencia Hispana en los Archivos Nacionales (2018)

Pieces of History: Kicking Off Hispanic Heritage Month | Empezando el Mes de la Herencia Hispana (2018)

Pieces of History: Origins of National Hispanic Heritage Month (2017)

Pieces of History: Hispanic and Latino Organization (HALO) at the National Archives

Pieces of History: Roberto Clemente: A Legacy Beyond Baseball

Pieces of History: Rudy Martinez: The Beginning of the Latino Impact in World War II

Pieces of History: National Hispanic Heritage Month/Mes de la Herencia Hispana (2014)

Pieces of History: Modesto Cartagena, the most decorated Hispanic soldier of the Korean War

Pieces of History: President Nixon and the Hispanic Strategy

Pieces of History: Rita Moreno, first Hispanic actress to win the Academy Award

Pieces of History: Fidel Castro’s childhood plea to President Roosevelt

Pieces of History: Bienvenidos!

Rediscovering Black History: Historical Background of the Seasonal Agricultural Worker Program

Text Message: Castro, Cuba, and a Fleet of Fishing Boats: The Causes and Effects of the Mariel Boatlift

Text Message: Ellen Ochoa: A Pioneer on Land and in Space

Text Message: “Lucy, I’m Home!”…from the Army

Text Message: “I’m Counting on You” by Leon Helguera: A Mexican Artist Puts His Stamp on Uncle Sam

Text Message: Americans All by Leon Helguera: Appealing to Hispanics on the Home Front in World War II

Text Message: The Great “Adobe Inn” Move of 1962

Text Message: Towards a History of Mexican American Participation in World War I

Text Message: “Arias Bernal’s Trip to Washington”: a Mexican Cartoonist Joins the War Effort

Text Message: Spanish and British Explorations of the Pacific Northwest and the Nootka Sound Controversy

Unwritten Record: Recognizing and Celebrating Hispanic Culture