FAQs for GRS 2.1, Employee Acquisition Records
Download all Frequently Asked Questions of Individual GRS Schedules in a PDF
1. Does GRS 2.1 supersede the disposition instructions in the “Delegated Examining Operations Handbook: A Guide for Federal Agency Examining Offices (May 2007), Appendix C,” published by the Office of Personnel Management (OPM)?
Yes. “Delegated Examining Operations Handbook: A Guide for Federal Agency Examining Offices” covers in detail how agencies with authority to hire employees, as delegated from the Office of Personnel Management, are to carry out this function. Appendix C is the schedule for records created in that process. Appendix C derives from GRS 1, items 33a through 33t. All but two items in GRS 1 are superseded (and the other two are rescinded) by new GRS 2.1. As these GRS 1 items are now superseded by GRS 2.1, GRS 2.1 supersedes Appendix C. See crosswalk for details.
QUESTION RELATED TO GRS 2.1, ITEM 010
2. Why doesn’t this item cover OPM records?
OPM, as part of its mission, prepares the majority of classification standards applicable to positions in individual agencies, multiple agencies, and the entire Federal Government. These case files are permanent (NC1-146-84-1, item 1a). Item 010 covers the corresponding case file at an agency seeking to create a new classification standard specific to itself, a few agencies, or in rare cases, the entire Government. These are administrative files at all agencies other than OPM and it is therefore appropriate to include them in the GRS. The corresponding OPM files are, however, unique to OPM’s mission. OPM must therefore must schedule them on an agency-specific schedule.
QUESTION RELATED TO GRS 2.1, ITEM 021
3. Why doesn’t this item have a disposition authority?
This item is not an independent disposition authority because the records are filed in places already covered by other disposition authorities, such as that covering the employee’s official personnel file. Users must go to those other authorities to learn when to destroy records.
QUESTION RELATED TO GRS 2.1, ITEM 022
4. This item includes “other copies” of records described in item 020. Why is it necessary to include such an item for “other copies”?
Various offices in an agency might develop case files for position descriptions (PDs), most notably the program office where the position will exist. Once the PD is final, its official record resides with the agency Human Resources function and is covered by item 020. Item 022 covers background material created by any office in the course of building a PD, and also convenience copies of final PDs held by offices to document their own positions.
QUESTIONS RELATED TO GRS 2.1, ITEM 030
5. What is a classification appeal?
An employee who believes his or her position description is inappropriately graded or no longer reflects its actual responsibilities may file a classification appeal seeking to alter the grade or description. Only an employee can originate an appeal; an agency cannot appeal a classification to OPM. The appeal may be made either to an agency’s HR function or directly to OPM. In either event, the agency creates a case file to track the appeal’s progress and OPM’s final decision.
6. Why are OPM records not covered by this item?
Position classification, as discussed in the answer to question 9, is part of OPM’s mission. Therefore, records of OPM’s involvement in appeal and review case files are also not appropriate for the GRS and are instead scheduled on an OPM-specific records schedule.
QUESTIONS RELATED TO GRS 2.1, ITEM 040
7. Why is the classification certificate not combined with the classification appeal file (item 030) in a single item?
A classification certificate is the document closing an appeal of a position classification. While it is arguably the conclusion of the appeal file, it takes on new life as integral documentation of a position’s classification. As such, it must be retained as long as the PD is active, which may be for many years. The rest of the appeal file (item 030) is material documenting how the final decision was reached. These background records do not need to be retained as long as the certificate itself.
8. Why are OPM records not covered by this item?
Position classification, as discussed in the answer to question 9, is part of OPM’s mission. Certificates received by agencies regarding their own positions document classification activities that take place in all agencies across Government; as such, it is appropriate to include them in the GRS. The certificates retained by OPM are OPM-specific records documenting the agency carrying out its mission, and must be covered by an OPM-specific schedule.
QUESTION RELATED TO GRS 2.1, ITEMS 050 AND 051
9. Why do these items not authorize longer retention if required for business use?
The regulation governing these records (5 CFR 335.103) requires agencies to retain them for 2 years or until after formal program evaluation by OPM, whichever occurs first. We chose a blanket 2-year retention period—the outside limit required by the regulation—for ease of implementation. There is no express provision in the regulation for longer retention, and agencies may find that longer retention opens them to liability.
QUESTION RELATED TO GRS 2.1, ITEM 060
10. Why does this item not authorize longer retention if required for business use?
Item 060 does not authorize longer retention because the online site USAJobs enforces a strict policy of applications self-destructing one year from the day of submission. Also, risk is increased if job vacancy case files (items 050 and 051) are destroyed as required by law but duplicates of records are retained longer by other offices under item 060.
QUESTION RELATED TO GRS 2.1, ITEM 090
11. How can I know when the clock starts ticking on destruction of these records? When does right to appeal a non-selection expire?
According to 5 CFR 300.104, each agency can set its own time limit for filing appeals. Check with your agency General Counsel. It is important to retain these records until the time specified in the disposition instruction to protect both the right of a non-selectee to appeal the decision and to protect your agency in justifying its selection.
QUESTION RELATED TO GRS 2.1, ITEMS 100, 101, AND 102
12. Why do these items exclude Presidential appointment records?
Records documenting Presidential appointments are often high-profile and a subject of great interest to the research community. Since we cannot state that these records are always temporary or always permanent across the entire Government, we cannot include them in the GRS. Each agency must schedule its records on Presidential appointments on an agency-specific records schedule.
QUESTION RELATED TO GRS 2.1, ITEMS 120 AND 130
13. What specific programs are covered under special hiring authority?
Exact names of special programs may vary from year to year. The current list is available at https://www.opm.gov/policy-data-oversight/hiring-information/hiring-authorities/, the section at the bottom of the page entitled “Special Employment Programs.” In general, these are temporary hiring authorities and often seasonal. A good example is student summer-hire programs.
QUESTION RELATED TO GRS 2.1, ITEMS 140 AND 141
14. Why don’t these items have a disposition authority?
The disposition instruction for both these items directs the user to forward the records elsewhere. The user is not given authority to destroy records. These records are ultimately incorporated into other records series scheduled under other authorities.
QUESTION RELATED TO GRS 2.1, ITEMS 150 AND 160
15. Why don’t these items cover OPM’s records?
OPM has authority for hiring Federal employees. It may delegate this authority under 5 U.S.C. § 1104 to heads of other agencies; this delegation makes it possible for other agencies to post job openings and interview and hire employees. These activities are administrative at all agencies other than OPM. Since hiring Federal employees is an OPM mission function, it must schedule its copies of these records separately.