African American Heritage

Malcolm X (May 19, 1925 - February 21, 1965)

Malcolm X was born Malcolm Little in Omaha, Nebraska. In his early years, Malcolm experienced extreme racism, spent years in the foster system and served a sentence in jail for larceny and breaking and entering. While in jail Malcolm joined the Nation of Islam and after his release, he became the public face of the organization. He led countless demonstrations and spoke publicly, both nationally and internationally with a focus on empowering Black people. Records at the National Archives related to Malcolm X includes Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) case files and recordings of his speeches and debates.


Search the Catalog for Records relating to Malcolm X 


Social Networks and Archival Context - Malcolm X

Malcolm X, head-and-shoulders portrait, facing right.

Malcolm X, 1964 (Library of Congress)


Selected Records Relating to Malcolm X

HICK - John R. Hickman Audio Collection

Sound Recordings of Historical Radio Broadcasts, 1906-1993


Classification 157 (Civil Unrest) Case Files, 1957 - 1978 [St Louis, Missouri Field Division]

RG 79 - Records of the National Park Service

National Register of Historic Places and Landmarks Records, 2013-2017

RG 490 - Records of the Peace Corps

Moving Images Relating to International Volunteer Activities, 1982-1995