African American Heritage

Record Group 29 - Records of the Bureau of the Census


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Please click on the National Archives Identifier (NAID) to go to the full records description in the National Archives Catalog.

 

The Bureau of the Census conducts decennial censuses of population and housing; and quinquennial censuses of agriculture, state and local governments, manufactures, mineral industries, distributive trades, construction industries, and transportation. The records of the Census Bureau are an important resource for researchers interested in African American history and genealogy. In addition to published census data, information about free and enslaved persons of color was captured in the first decennial census of 1790 and continued through 1870. These records will not contain information specific to individuals, but contain large amounts of numerical data spanning various demographic categories.

Clusters: Genealogical

People of interest:

Joseph A. Hill (1860–1938) graduated from Harvard University in 1885 and earned his Ph. D. from University of Halle (Germany) in 1892. In 1898 Hill began work as a statistician for the U. S. Census Bureau and became Chief Statistician in 1909. As Chief Statistician, he oversaw publication of reports on child labor, illiteracy, marriage and divorce, women at work, and a report for the Immigration Commission on occupations of immigrants. Dr. Hill was appointed Assistant Director of the Census Bureau in 1921.

Textual Records

Files of Director Kenneth Prewett, 1998–2001

National Archives Identifier: 1102935
Some of these records may be subject to copyright restrictions.

First Count Tabulations of Enumeration Districts, ca. 1930

National Archives Identifier: 3144723

Minority Advisory Committee Files, 1982–1993

National Archives Identifier: 1137821
These records may be restricted due to privacy concerns under FOIA (b)(6) Personal Information.

Report on Population, 1870

National Archives Identifier: 2838898

Subject Files, ca. 1899–1950

National Archives Identifier: 2990148
Some of these records may be subject to copyright restrictions.

Summaries of Census Returns, 1850

National Archives Identifier: 2825262

Electronic Records

[Decennial] Census of Population and Housing, 1990: Equal Employment Opportunity (EEO) Supplemental Tabulation Files

National Archives Identifier: 623497
Electronic Records Reference Report: 1990 Census of Population and Housing.

[Decennial] Census of Population and Housing, 2000: Special Equal Employment Opportunity Tabulation Files

National Archives Identifier: 657376
Electronic Records Reference Report: Electronic Records Relating to Civil Rights.

[Decennial] Census of Population and Housing, 2000: Voting Rights Data Files

National Archives Identifier: 657168

Summary Statistic Data Files from the 21st Census of Population and Housing, 1990–1997

National Archives Identifier: 594337
Electronic Records Reference Report: 1990 Census of Population and Housing.

Summary Statistic Data Files from the 22nd Census of Population and Housing, 2000–2007

National Archives Identifier: 590217

Survey of Minority and Women Owned Business Enterprises Summary Files, 1982–2002

National Archives Identifier: 575385

Selected Categories
  • Survey of Minority- and Women-Owned Businesses, 1987: Black-Owned Firms - U.S. by Standard Industrial Classification Code (2-Digit) by Year, 1987 and 1982 ( 640658)
  • Survey of Minority- and Women-Owned Businesses, 1987: Black-Owned Firms - States by Year, 1987 and 1982 ( 640659)
  • Survey of Minority- and Women-Owned Businesses, 1987: Black-Owned Firms - States and Metropolitan Areas by Sector ( 640662)
  • Survey of Minority- and Women-Owned Businesses, 1987: Black-Owned Firms - States, Counties, and Places ( 640666)
  • Survey of Minority- and Women-Owned Businesses, 1987: Black-Owned Firms - Legal Form of Organization, Receipts Size, and Employment Size by Sector ( 640670)

Maps and Charts

Block Statistics, 1970–1971

National Archives Identifier: 3682030; Local Identifier: 029BLOCKSTATS1970

Published Record Set of Decennial Census Maps, 1860–2002

National Archives Identifier: 719190; Local Identifier: 029PUBCENSUSMAPS

Moving Images

Moving Images Related to the Taking of the Census, 1937–1980

National Archives Identifier: 7005; Local Identifier: 29

Level of Description Selected Records
Item
  • Counting the Jobless (1937?) ( 7010)
  • Who We Are (1960) ( 7017)
  • How We Make a Living (1960) ( 7018)
  • How We Live (1960) ( 7019)
  • Urbanization (1960) ( 7020)
  • Elvin Hayes [professional basketball player] (1980) ( 7026)
  • Lou Brock [professional baseball player] (1980) ( 7028)
  • Franco Harris [professional football player] (1980) ( 7029)
  • Sugar Ray Leonard [professional boxer] (1980) ( 7031)
  • Data for Decision (1960) ( 7014)

Some of these records may be subject to copyright restrictions.

Photographic Materials

Decennial Census Posters, 1980

National Archives Identifier: 513300

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