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Indian Scouts were a vital part of the U.S. Army’s campaigns in the post–Civil War West. Pension files are a rich source of information, not only about the soldier who served but also about their families and comrades.
Following the success of the United States Colored Troops’ actions during the Civil War, the U.S. Army created African American peacetime regiments. Pension files can be a great source of genealogical information such as names of family members, home addresses, and details about the pension applicant’s life. These files can also be useful for historians, students, and others who are interested in firsthand evidence of the experiences of 19th-century African American soldiers and their families.
This Civil War regiment fought in dozens of engagements from 1862 to 1865, including the Battles of Shepherdstown, the Wilderness, and Appomattox Court House, and are known for the bayonet charge by which they defended Little Round Top at Gettysburg.