New England Emigrant Aid Company papers, 1854-1909
Kansas State Historical Society
Additional information at http://www.worldcat.org/title/new-england-emigrant-aid-company-papers-1854-1909-in-the-kansas-state-historical-society/oclc/866016496 and https://www.kshs.org/index.php?url=p/new-england-emigrant-aid-company-papers/13794
One of the organizations created to encourage abolitionist settlement of Kansas was The Massachusetts Emigrant Aid Company. Incorporated under the guidance of Eli Thayer of Worcester in April, 1854, the company was a venture designed both for benevolence and moneymaking. In February, 1855, a new charter changing the name to the New England Emigrant Aid Company and making organizational improvements was secured. In March the company was reorganized and business began in earnest as mills were established in Lawrence, Topeka, Manhattan, Osawatomie, Burlington, Wabaunsee, Atchison, Batcheller (now Milford) and Mapleton. In Kansas City the Gillis House was purchased and renamed the American Hotel. For years it served as the unofficial rendezvous of Free Staters in the area and was the jumping-off place for settlers bound for the Kansas plains.